Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|標題:||Effect of extreme flooding on community structure and secondary production of aquatic insects in stream ecosystems
|關鍵字:||水棲昆蟲;極端洪流;干擾;次級生產量;溪流生態系;aquatic insect, extreme flood;disturbance;secondary production;stream ecosystems||引用:||葉昭憲、連惠邦、段錦浩。2002。高山溪防砂壩改善工程之實施與現況。國家公園學報 12(2): 191-203。 Allan, J. D. 2004. Landscapes and riverscapes: The influence of land use on stream ecosystems. Annu Rev Ecol Evol S 35: 257-284. Anderson, A. M., and L. C. Ferrington. 2013. Resistance and resilience of winter-emerging Chironomidae (Diptera) to a flood event: implications for Minnesota trout streams. Hydrobiologia 707: 59-71. Angradi, T. R. 1997. Hydrologic context and macroinvertebrate community response to floods in an Appalachian headwater stream. Am Midl Nat 138: 371-386. Archaimbault, V., P. Usseglio-Polatera, and J. P. Vanden Bossche. 2005. Functional differences among benthic macroinvertebrate communities in reference streams of same order in a given biogeographic area. Hydrobiologia 551: 171-182. Baird, D. J., and P. J. Van den Brink. 2007. Using biological traits to predict species sensitivity to toxic substances. Ecotox Environ Safe 67: 296-301. Beche, L. A., and V. H. Resh. 2007. Biological traits of benthic macroinvertebrates in California mediterranean-climate streams: long-term annual variability and trait diversity patterns. Fund Appl Limnol 169: 1-23. Beche, L. A., E. P. McElravy, and V. H. Resh. 2006. Long-term seasonal variation in the biological traits of benthic-macroinvertebrates in two Mediterranean-climate streams in California, USA. Freshwater Biol 51: 56-75. Benke, A. C. 1979. A modification of the Hynes method for estimating secondary production with particular significance for multivoltine populations. Limnol Oceanogr 24: 168-174. Benke, A. C. 1993. Concepts and patterns of invertebrate production in running waters. Proceedings-international association of theoretical and applied limnology 25: 15-15. Benke, A. C. 2010. Secondary production as part of bioenergetic theory-contributions from freshwater benthic science. River Res Appl 26: 36-44. Benke, A. C., and A. D. Huryn. 2006. Secondary production of macroinvertebrates. pp 691-710. In: Hauer, F. R., and G. A. Lamberti. (Eds). Methods in Stream Ecology. Academic Press, Elsevier. Benke, A. C., and A. D. Huryn. 2010. Benthic invertebrate production-facilitating answers to ecological riddles in freshwater ecosystems. J N Am Benthol Soc 29: 264-285. Benke, A. C., and M. R. Whiles. 2011. Life table vs secondary production analyses-relationships and usage in ecology. J N Am Benthol Soc 30: 1024-1032. Benke, A. C., A. D. Huryn, L. A. Smock, and J. B. Wallace. 1999. Length-mass relationships for freshwater macroinvertebrates in North America with particular reference to the southeastern United States. J N Am Benthol Soc 18: 308-343. Benke, A. C., T. C. Vanarsdall, D. M. Gillespie, and F. K. Parrish. 1984. Invertebrate Productivity in a sub-tropical blackwater river - the importance of habitat and life-history. Ecol Monogr 54: 25-63. Bertrand, K. N., K. B. Gido, W. K. Dodds, J. N. Murdock, and M. R. Whiles. 2009. Disturbance frequency and functional identity mediate ecosystem processes in prairie streams. Oikos 118: 917-933. Bonada, N., S. Doledec, and B. Statzner. 2007. Taxonomic and biological trait differences of stream macroinvertebrate communities between mediterranean and temperate regions: implications for future climatic scenarios. Global Change Biol 13: 1658-1671. Boulton, A. J. 2003. Parallels and contrasts in the effects of drought on stream macroinvertebrate assemblages. Freshwater Biol 48: 1173-1185. Brewin, P. A., T. M. L. Newman, and S. J. Ormerod. 1995. Patterns of macroinvertebrate distribution in relation to altitude, habitat structure and land-use in streams of the Nepalese Himalaya. Arch Hydrobiol 135: 79-100. Charvet, S., A. Kosmala, and B. Statzner. 1998. Biomonitoring through biological traits of benthic macroinvertebrates: perspectives for a general tool in stream management. Arch Hydrobiol 142: 415-432. Charvet, S., B. Statzner, P. Usseglio-Polatera, and B. Dumont. 2000. Traits of benthic macroinvertebrates in semi-natural French streams: an initial application to biomonitoring in Europe. Freshwater Biol 43: 277-296. Chevenet, F., S. Doledec, and D. Chessel. 1994. A fuzzy coding approach for the analysis of long-term ecological data. Freshwater Biol 31: 295-309. Chiu, M. C., and M. H. Kuo. 2012. Application of r/K selection to macroinvertebrate responses to extreme floods. Ecol Entomol 37: 145-154. Chiu, M. C., M. H. Kuo, S. Y. Hong, and Y. H. Sun. 2013. Impact of extreme flooding on the annual survival of a riparian predator, the Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii. Ibis 155: 377-383. Cross, W. F., J. B. Wallace, A. D. Rosemond, and S. L. Eggert. 2006. Whole-system nutrient enrichment increases secondary production in a detritus-based ecosystem. Ecology 87: 1556-1565. Diaz, A. M., M. L. S. Alonso, and M. R. V. A. Gutierrez. 2008. Biological traits of stream macroinvertebrates from a semi-arid catchment: patterns along complex environmental gradients. Freshwater Biol 53: 1-21. Dolbeth, M., M. Cusson, R. Sousa, and M. A. Pardal. 2012. Secondary production as a tool for better understanding of aquatic ecosystems. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 69: 1230-1253. Dolbeth, M., P. G. Cardoso, S. M. Ferreira, T. Verdelhos, D. Raffaelli, and M. A. Pardal. 2007. Anthropogenic and natural disturbance effects on a macrobenthic estuarine community over a 10-year period. Mar Pollut Bull 54: 576-585. Dolbeth, M., P. G. Cardoso, T. F. Grilo, M. D. Bordalo, D. Raffaelli, and M. A. Pardal. 2011. Long-term changes in the production by estuarine macrobenthos affected by multiple stressors. Estuar Coast Shelf S 92: 10-18. Doledec, S., N. Phillips, M. Scarsbrook, R. H. Riley, and C. R. Townsend. 2006. Comparison of structural and functional approaches to determining landuse effects on grassland stream invertebrate communities. J N Am Benthol Soc 25: 44-60. Feio, M. J., S. Doledec, and M. A. S. Graca. 2015. Human disturbance affects the long-term spatial synchrony of freshwater invertebrate communities. Environ Pollut 196: 300-308. Feld, C. K., F. de Bello, and S. Doledec. 2014. Biodiversity of traits and species both show weak responses to hydromorphological alteration in lowland river macroinvertebrates. Freshwater Biol 59: 233-248. Finn, D. S., and N. L. Poff. 2005. Variability and convergence in benthic communities along the longitudinal gradients of four physically similar Rocky Mountain streams. Freshwater Biol 50: 243-261. Gray, L. J., and S. G. Fisher. 1981. Post-flood recolonization pathways of macroinvertebrates in a lowland sonoran desert stream. Am Midl Nat 106: 249-257. Grilo, T. F., P. G. Cardoso, M. Dolbeth, and M. A. Pardal. 2009. Long-term changes in amphipod population dynamics in a temperate estuary following ecosystem restoration. Hydrobiologia 630: 91-104. Gucker, B., M. Brauns, A. G. Solimini, M. Voss, N. Walz, and M. T. Pusch. 2011. Urban stressors alter the trophic basis of secondary production in an agricultural stream. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 68: 74-88. Hamilton, A. L. 1969. On estimating annual production. Limnol Oceanogr 14: 771-781. Hancock, P. J. 2006. The response of hyporheic invertebrate communities to a large flood in the Hunter River, New South Wales. Hydrobiologia 568: 255-262. Heino, J. 2005. Functional biodiversity of macroinvertebrate assemblages along major ecological gradients of boreal headwater streams. Freshwater Biol 50: 1578-1587. Heino, J., H. Mykra, J. Kotanen, and T. Muotka. 2007. Ecological filters and variability in stream macroinvertebrate communities: do taxonomic and functional structure follow the same path? Ecography 30: 217-230. Hendricks, A. C., L. D. Willis, and C. Snyder. 1995. Impact of flooding on the densities of selected aquatic insects? Hydrobiologia 299: 241-247. Huston, M. 1979. A general hypothesis of species diversity. Am Nat 113: 81-101. Hynes, H. B. N., and M. J. Coleman. 1968. A simple method of assessing the annual production of stream benthos? Limnol Oceanogr 13: 569-573. Ilg, C., and E. Castella. 2006. Patterns of macroinvertebrate traits along three glacial stream continuums. Freshwater Biol 51: 840-853. IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change).2007. Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2007. IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2014. Climate change 2014: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2014. Jentsch, A., and C. Beierkuhnlein. 2008. Research frontiers in climate change: Effects of extreme meteorological events on ecosystems. Cr Geosci 340: 621-628. Jentsch, A., J. Kreyling, and C. Beierkuhnlein. 2007. A new generation of climate-change experiments: events, not trends. Front Ecol Environ 5: 365-374. Johnson, R. K., W. Goedkoop, and L. Sandin. 2004. Spatial scale and ecological relationships between the macroinvertebrate communities of stony habitats of streams and lakes. Freshwater Biol 49: 1179-1194. Johnson, R. C., H. S. Jin, M. M. Carreiro, and J. D. Jack. 2013. Macroinvertebrate community structure, secondary production and trophic-level dynamics in urban streams affected by non-point-source pollution. Freshwater Biol 58: 843-857. Ledger, M. E., F. K. Edwards, L. E. Brown, A. M. Milner, and G. Woodward. 2011. Impact of simulated drought on ecosystem biomass production: an experimental test in stream mesocosms. Global Change Biol 17: 2288-2297. Lepori, F., and B. Malmqvist. 2007. Predictable changes in trophic community structure along a spatial disturbance gradient in streams. Freshwater Biol 52: 2184-2195. Liess, M., and P. C. von der Ohe. 2005. Analyzing effects of pesticides on invertebrate communities in streams. Environ Toxicol Chem 24: 954-965. Lin, H. J., T. R. Peng, I. C. Cheng, L. W. Chen, M. H. Kuo, C. S. Tzeng, S. T. Tsai, J. T. Yang, S. H. Wu, Y. H. Sun, S. F. Yu, and S. J. Kao. 2012. Trophic model of the subtropical headwater stream habitat of Formosan landlocked salmon Oncorhynchus formosanus. Aquat Biol 17: 269-283. Lytle, D. A. 2002. Flash floods and aquatic insect life-history evolution: Evaluation of multiple models. Ecology 83: 370-385. Lytle, D. A., and N. L. Poff. 2004. Adaptation to natural flow regimes. Trends Ecol Evol 19: 94-100. MacArthur, R. H., and E. O. Wilson. 1967. The theory of island biogeography. Princeton University Press. Matthaei, C. D., U. Uehlinger, E. I. Meyer, and A. Frutiger. 1996. Recolonization by benthic invertebrates after experimental disturbance in a Swiss prealpine river. Freshwater Biol 35: 233-248. McMullen, L. E., and D. A. Lytle. 2012. Quantifying invertebrate resistance to floods: a global-scale meta-analysis. Ecol Appl 22: 2164-2175. Miller, A. M., and S. W. Golladay. 1996. Effects of spates and drying on macroinvertebrate assemblages of an intermittent and a perennial prairie stream. J N Am Benthol Soc 15: 670-689. Meyer, C. K., M. R. Whiles and R. E. Charlton. 2002. Life history, secondary production, and ecosystem significance of acridid grasshoppers in annualburned and unburned tallgrass prairie. Am Entomol 48: 52–61. Nilsson, C., C. A. Reidy, M. Dynesius, and C. Revenga. 2005. Fragmentation and flow regulation of the world''s large river systems. Science 308: 405-408. Olofsson, J., L. Oksanen, T. Callaghan, P. E. Hulme, T. Oksanen, and O. Suominen. 2009. Herbivores inhibit climate-driven shrub expansion on the tundra. Global Change Biol 15: 2681-2693. Peru, N., and S. Doledec. 2010. From compositional to functional biodiversity metrics in bioassessment: A case study using stream macroinvertebrate communities. Ecol Indic 10: 1025-1036. Pianka, E. R. 1970. r-selection and k-selection. Am Nat 104: 592-597. Poff, N. L. 1992. Why disturbances can be predictable - a perspective on the definition of disturbance in streams. J N Am Benthol Soc 11: 86-92. Poff, N. L. 1997. Landscape filters and species traits: Towards mechanistic understanding and prediction in stream ecology. J N Am Benthol Soc 16: 391-409. Poff, N. L., and J. H. Matthews. 2013. Environmental flows in the Anthropocence: past progress and future prospects. Curr Opin Env Sust 5: 667-675. Poff, N. L., and J. V. Ward. 1989. Implications of streamflow variability and predictability for lotic community structure - a regional-analysis of streamflow patterns. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 46: 1805-1818. Poff, N. L., and J. K. H. Zimmerman. 2010. Ecological responses to altered flow regimes: a literature review to inform the science and management of environmental flows. Freshwater Biol 55: 194-205. Poff, N. L., J. D. Olden, N. K. M. Vieira, D. S. Finn, M. P. Simmons, and B. C. Kondratieff. 2006. Functional trait niches of North American lotic insects: traits-based ecological applications in light of phylogenetic relationships. J N Am Benthol Soc 25: 730-755. Pollard, A. I., and L. L. Yuan. 2010. Assessing the consistency of response metrics of the invertebrate benthos: a comparison of trait- and identity-based measures. Freshwater Biol 55: 1420-1429. Pranovi, F., F. Da Ponte, and P. Torricelli. 2008. Historical changes in the structure and functioning of the benthic community in the lagoon of Venice. Estuar Coast Shelf S 76: 753-764. Rader, R. B., N. J. Voelz, and J. V. Ward. 2008. Post-flood recovery of a macroinvertebrate community in a regulated river: Resilience of an anthropogenically altered ecosystem. Restor Ecol 16: 24-33. Resh, V. H., A. V. Brown, A. P. Covich, M. E. Gurtz, H. W. Li, G. W. Minshall, S. R. Reice, A. L. Sheldon, J. B. Wallace, and R. C. Wissmar. 1988. The role of disturbance in stream ecology. J N Am Benthol Soc 7: 433-455. Resh, V. H., A. G. Hildrew, B. Statzner, and C. R. Townsend. 1994. Theoretical habitat templets, species traits, and species richness - a synthesis of long-term ecological research on the Upper Rhone River in the context of concurrently developed ecological theory. Freshwater Biol 31: 539-554. Reznick, D., M. J. Bryant, and F. Bashey. 2002. r- and K-selection revisited: The role of population regulation in life-history evolution. Ecology 83: 1509-1520. Richards, C., R. J. Haro, L. B. Johnson, and G. E. Host. 1997. Catchment and reach-scale properties as indicators of macroinvertebrate species traits. Freshwater Biol 37: 219 Robinson, C. T., S. Aebischer, and U. Uehlinger. 2004. Immediate and habitat-specific responses of macroinvertebrates to sequential, experimental floods. J N Am Benthol Soc 23: 853-867. Scarsbrook, M. R., and C. R. Townsend. 1993. Stream community structure in relation to spatial and temporal variation - a habitat templet study of 2 contrasting New-Zealand streams. Freshwater Biol 29: 395-410. Schafer, R. B., T. Caquet, K. Siimes, R. Mueller, L. Lagadic, and M. Liess. 2007. Effects of pesticides on community structure and ecosystem functions in agricultural streams of three biogeographical regions in Europe. Sci Total Environ 382: 272-285. Schafer, R. B., B. Kefford, L. Metzeling, M. Liess, S. Burgert, R. Marchant, V. Pettigrove, P. Goonan, and D. Nugegoda. 2011. A trait database of stream invertebrates for the ecological risk assessment of single and combined effects of salinity and pesticides in South-East Australia. Sci Total Environ 409: 2055-2063. Snyder, C. D., and Z. B. Johnson. 2006. Macroinvertebrate assemblage recovery following a catastrophic flood and debris flows in an Appalachian mountain stream. J N Am Benthol Soc 25: 825-840. Southwood, T. R. E. 1977. Habitat, templet for ecological strategies. J Anim Ecol 46: 337-365. Statzner, B., P. Bady, S. Doledec, and F. Scholl. 2005. Invertebrate traits for the biomonitoring of large European rivers: an initial assessment of trait patterns in least impacted river reaches. Freshwater Biol 50: 2136-2161. Statzner, B., and L. A. Beche. 2010. Can biological invertebrate traits resolve effects of multiple stressors on running water ecosystems? Freshwater Biol 55: 80-119. Statzner, B., N. Bonada, and S. Doledec. 2007. Conservation of taxonomic and biological trait diversity of European stream macroinvertebrate communities: a case for a collective public database. Biodivers Conserv 16: 3609-3632. Statzner, B., B. Bis, S. Doledec, and P. Usseglio-Polatera. 2001. Perspectives for biomonitoring at large spatial scales: a unified measure for the functional composition on invertebrate communities in European running waters. Basic Appl Ecol 2: 73-85. Suren, A. M., and I. G. Jowett. 2006. Effects of floods versus low flows on invertebrates in a New Zealand gravel-bed river. Freshwater Biol 51: 2207-2227. Townsend, C. R., and A. G. Hildrew. 1994. Species traits in relation to a habitat templet for river systems. Freshwater Biol 31: 265-275. Townsend, C. R., S. Doledec, and M. R. Scarsbrook. 1997. Species traits in relation to temporal and spatial heterogeneity in streams: A test of habitat templet theory. Freshwater Biol 37: 367-387. Usseglio-Polatera, P., M. Bournaud, P. Richoux, and H. Tachet. 2000. Biomonitoring through biological traits of benthic macroinvertebrates: how to use species trait databases? Hydrobiologia 422: 153-162. Wagenhoff, A., C. R. Townsend, and C. D. Matthaei. 2012. Macroinvertebrate responses along broad stressor gradients of deposited fine sediment and dissolved nutrients: a stream mesocosm experiment. J Appl Ecol 49: 892-902. Webb, C. T., J. A. Hoeting, G. M. Ames, M. I. Pyne, and N. L. Poff. 2010. A structured and dynamic framework to advance traits-based theory and prediction in ecology. Ecol Lett 13: 267-283. Webster, P. J., G. J. Holland, J. A. Curry, and H. R. Chang. 2005. Changes in tropical cyclone number, duration, and intensity in a warming environment. Science 309: 1844-1846. Wood, P. J., and P. D. Armitage. 1999. Sediment deposition in a small lowland stream - Management implications. Regul River 15: 199-210. Woodcock, T. S., and A. D. Huryn. 2007. The response of macroinvertebrate production to a pollution gradient in a headwater stream. Freshwater Biol 52: 177-196.||摘要:||
全球暖化預計將增加強降雨的機會，而強降雨將造成極端的洪流，這種突增的流量往往對溪流生態系帶來巨大的衝擊。本研究地點大甲溪流域上游於2005年發生過去40年來最大之極端洪流衝擊，因此在桃山西溪、七家灣溪、高山溪及有勝溪共設5樣站，並於極端洪流前 (2003年)、極端洪流後 (2006年)，每月每站以舒伯氏水網 (Surber sampler)所採集的6個樣本之水棲昆蟲，攜回實驗室鑑定後測量體長，並計算出次級生產量。結果顯示極端洪流造成水棲昆蟲數量下降，但生物多樣性沒有影響。極端洪流對不同特徵的水棲昆蟲次級生產量有不同的影響，對短生活史、棲地廣適者及體型流線或扁平者之次級生產量為正影響，對於攀附者之次級生產量則為負影響；對至少有兩生活史階段在流水域外者之次級生產量則沒有影響。此極端事件對彈性 (resilience)特徵類群的衝擊較抗性 (resistance)特徵類群小，進而使彈性特徵類群占較大優勢。本研究結果顯示極端洪流事件會改變水棲昆蟲的群聚結構，並對溪流生態系之次級生產量為正影響。
Along with the global warming, there is an increased chance of intense precipitation and flooding. The sudden increase of the discharge rate would result in a usual severe impact on the stream ecology. The worst flooding in past 40 years broke out in 2005 at our study area, upper Dajia drainage basin. The aquatic insect samples were collected with specifically the Surber samples monthly for this study. Six samples were collected from each designated location from the 5 research sites, Taoshan west stream, Cijiawan stream, Gaoshan stream, and Yousheng stream, in 2003 and 2006 with 2 years interval from the extreme flood during 2005. Back in the laboratory, the insects body length was measured along with the calculation of secondary production according to the attained body length results. The results from the extreme flood indicated the dramatic drop in the numbers of aquatic insects, but failed to prove the alternation in species diversity. The influences on the secondary production of aquatic insects is strongly related to specific groups of species accordingly. Some positive influences brought by the flood were specifically toward aquatic insects which include short-cycled, habitat generalist, and streamlined or flat-sized insects. In the other hand, the negative effects were dominated mostly towards the aquatic insects with traits of clinger. However, towards the two-staged outside stream aquatic insects, the flood was proven irreverent of influence. The extreme event has less impact on the aquatic insects with resilience traits than those with resistance, causing a biological domination of flexible aquatic insects. Upon analysing the results of the research revealed the fact that extreme floods alternated the basic community structure of aquatic insects and positive influenced the secondary production of steam ecology.
|Appears in Collections:||昆蟲學系|
Show full item record
Files in This Item:
TAIR Related Article
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.