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標題: Effect of flow velocity on colonization of aquatic insect in stream ecosystem
作者: 劉尚儒
Shang-Ru Liu
關鍵字: artificial channel;colonization;flow rate;human-caused influence;人工水道;拓殖;流速;人為干擾
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Population of aquatic insects can respond to the environmental change. Flow rate could influenced the colonization of aquatic insects in stream ecosystem. However, there had few experimental researches on the
relationship between flow rate and colonization of aquatic
insects, and how the effect would change whether
human-caused influence exist or not. This study used experimental channel in two steams of Taiwan, one didn't have agricultural effect (Cijiawan stream), while the
other has (Yousheng stream). The aim of the experiment was to examine the effect of increasing flow in mediating aquatic insects' colonization, also compare the numbers
of aquatic insects, biodiversity index, and populations with specific trait. Richness and number of insects in two streams had increasd through the experiment. However,
aquatic insect community had different responss in the two streams. In site Cijiawan stream, increasing velocity would
cause negative effect in biodiversity index and population with smaller body size, but site Yousheng stream didn't show similar response with these two factors. Enhanced velocity also had negative effect on the number of aquatic insects
while there had positive effect in site Cijiawan stream. The different results explain that human-caused effect may cause the different responses in aquatic insect community. In future river management, considering human-caused
disturbance and other factors would be appropriate.

水棲昆蟲的族群變化能反應環境的變動情形。而溪流流速的改變會影響溪流生態象內水棲昆蟲的拓殖情,但是僅有少數實驗性研究探討流速改變對水棲昆蟲拓殖之影響,而此種影響是否會受到溪流內人為干擾之程度而有所改變。本實驗以人工水道來比較台灣武陵地區大甲溪流域內有或無農業活動的溪流 (七家灣溪及有勝溪)中,流速的升高對水棲昆蟲拓殖情形的影響,其中色含了數目上、多樣性上和其有特定特徵之群眾的比較。兩溪流之水棲昆蟲種類及個體數皆隨拓殖時間增加而上升,然而兩溪流內之水棲昆蟲對加速流速的反應卻存差異,在七家灣溪測站中,流速的提升會造成多樣性指數下降和體型較小的族群減少、體形成 流線型的族群增加,有勝溪則未對此三因子生反應,相對的,流速的提升對有勝溪的總個體數目其負影響,而七家灣溪則正影響。此結果的差異說明了人為干擾的有無也可能會使生物群眾對於同一因子的反應產生相異。此,在未來的河川管理中,應將人為干擾或是其他因子一併考慮才是較恰當的方法。
其他識別: U0005-2805201515500000
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