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|標題:||Study the roosting behavior of melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae
|關鍵字:||Bactrocera cucurbitae;roosting behavior;Ricinus communis L.;horizontal placement;瓜實蠅;停棲行為;停棲比率;蓖麻;水平放置||引用:||Agarwal ML, Sharma DD and Rahman O. 1987. Melon fruit fly and its control. Indian Horticulture 32: 10-11. Akhtaruzzaman M, Alam MZ and Ali-Sardar MM. 1999. Suppressing fruit fly infestation by bagging cucumber at different days after anthesis. Bangladesh Journal of Entomology 9: 103-112. Akhtaruzzaman M. Alam MZ and Ali-Sardar MM. 2000. Efficiency of different bait sprays for suppressing fruit fly on cucumber. Bulletin of the Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Kyushu University 23: 15-26. Allwood, AJ, Chinajaryawong A, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Krong CK, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong CTS and Vijaysegaran S. 1999. Host plant records for fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in southeast Asia. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement 7: 1-92. Aluja M, Jiménez A, Camino M, Piñero J, Aldana L, Castrejón V, and Valdés ME. 1997. 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Melon fly, Bactrocera cucurtbitae (Coquillett), is one of the most economically important pests of Cucurbitaceae throughout the whole island of Taiwan. This study investigated and evaluated the roosting behavior of melon fly as field surveying and control techniques. When castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) leaves and leaf-mimicking papers coexisted in the net cages, female melon fly didn't show preference for any one, but male melon fly preferred to roost on the leaf-mimicking papers. Thus, we use leaf-mimicking papers to evaluate the roosting behavior of mated and unmated melon fly. In roost site selection test, the first result showed that mated male melon fly and unmated female melon fly preferred to roost on leaf-mimicking sticky papers of 180 cm above the ground, mean roosting percentages were 48.82 and 36.53%, respectively. The second result showed that mated male melon fly and unmated melon fly preferred to roost on the abaxial surface, mean roosting percentages were 72.62、53.04 and 64.51%, respectively. In color selection test, the result showed that the roosting rates of mated female melon fly were not significantly different among sticky papers with dark green, light green and yellow colors. However, mated male melon fly and unmated melon fly preferred to roost on light green leaf-mimicking papers, mean roosting percentages were 43.09, 34.56 and 37.41%, respectively. In shape selection test, melon fly preferred for leaf-mimicking shape. The primary field test conducted to evaluate the feasibility of placement method of sticky paper in field. The results showed that leaf-mimicking sticky paper with horizontal placement was a potential method to survey and manage melon fly, and it will reduce interferences to non-target organisms.
瓜實蠅 (Bactrocera cucurbitae)為臺灣葫蘆科作物的重要經濟害蟲，本研究探討與評估應用瓜實蠅停棲行為的偏好習性做為田間監測與防治之技術。當蓖麻 (Ricinus communis L.) 葉片與模擬葉片同時存在時，瓜實蠅雌蠅停棲於 2 種葉片間的數量無顯著差異，但雄蠅停棲於模擬葉片的數量則顯著多於蓖麻葉。以模擬之蓖麻葉塗黏蟲膠，進行懸掛高度、葉片位置、葉片顏色、葉片形狀等對瓜實蠅停棲偏好試驗，在不同高度偏好中，已交尾雄蠅及未交尾雌蠅顯著偏好 180 cm 高的位置，停棲比率分別為 48.82 及 36.53%。在停棲於葉片或葉面偏好試驗，已交尾雄蠅及未交尾雌、雄蠅皆偏好停棲於葉背，停棲比率分別為 72.62、53.04 及 64.51%。在顏色偏好試驗，已交尾雌蠅停棲於深綠、淡綠及黃色模擬葉片間無顯著差異，雄蠅則偏好停棲淡綠色，停棲比率占 43.09%；未交尾雌雄蠅皆顯著偏好停棲於淡綠色模擬葉片，停棲比率分別為 34.56 及 37.41%。在形狀偏好試驗，模擬葉片形狀的平板所黏附到的平均數量相較於其他處理較多。田間試驗中，評估水平擺放模擬葉片黏板對瓜實蠅的誘捕效果，結果顯示具黏附瓜果實蠅類的潛力，且相較於慣用的黃色黏板，其黏附的天敵數量較少，田間應用上有利於減少對非標的昆蟲之干擾。
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