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|標題:||The effect of check dam and debris dam on
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Dams would affect streams by disturbed their flow continuity and the transportation of power in ecosystem. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence
among different dams (check dam and debris dam), location (upstream and downstream), stage (before and after dam removed) and five levels (aquatic insects number, taxon number, diversity, founctional feeding group and biological feature) in mountain streams. The experimental dams were located upstream of the Cijiawan Stream and Gaoshan Stream in Daja River. There are two sample site within each dams (upstream and downstream). Base on the removal date of the two dams, we collected samples respectively one year before and after dams removed from august 2010 to june 2013. Aquatic insects were collected by Surber''s sampler and then the taxon and individual number would be completely identified and recorded. The result shows that the individual numbers of aquatic insect in check dam were higher than debris dam but the taxon numbers were not. However, the individual numbers of aquatic insect both decrease in the two dams. The diversity index decrease rapidly after check dam removed. The functional feeding group of aquatic insects also had been affected by removal of the two dams. Nevertheless, the result of contribution percentage of check dam were all contrary to debris dam except shredders. According
to the result of MDS, the community structure of aquatic insect could be separated into two groups (check dam and debris dam). On the other hand, the result of nested
ANOVA shows that the individual numbers of short-lived aquatic insects would decrease by the impact of check dam removing but debris dam was not.
溪流中的各種壩體會干擾其溪流水體之連續性及水文，進而影響溪流生態系的能量傳遞。本研究目的在於探討高山溪流中，水泥建構的防砂壩 (check dam)與木質殘材所構成之殘材壩 (debris dam)，於壩體改善前後對水棲昆蟲之影響，包括水棲昆蟲數、分類群數、多樣性、取食功能群以及生物特徵等 5 個層面。試驗地點選位於台灣自然保育區雪霸國家公園境內大甲溪流域上游之七家灣溪的防砂壩及高山溪的殘材壩，並於兩種壩體上下游各設 2 個樣站，共設置 4 個樣站。
兩種壩體於 2011 年 5 月與 2012 年 6 月時皆有進行壩體改善，因此選定 2010 年8 月至 2013 年 6 月於壩體改善前後各一年的研究期間，並進行每 2 個月的採樣工作共 24 次。水棲昆蟲以舒伯氏水網採集，並攜回實驗室鑑定，記錄水棲昆蟲種類及數量。結果顯示，水棲昆蟲個體數以防砂壩較殘材壩為多但物種數則相反，且水棲昆蟲個體數於壩體改善後皆下降。多樣性指數之結果顯示於壩體改善後亦立即下降。壩體改善對取食功能群組成造成波動，而防砂壩之組成比例除碎食者外則與殘材壩相反。另外，多元尺度分析 (MDS) 與巢狀多變量分析 (nested
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