Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89106
標題: The attraction assessment of the volatiles from banana and guava fruit against females of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae).
香蕉及番石榴氣味成分對於東方果實蠅雌蠅誘引效力評估
作者: 劉家銘
Chia-Ming Liu
關鍵字: Bactrocera dorsalis;catch rate;headspace volatiles;sec-butyl butyrate;Torula yeast;東方果實蠅;誘捕率;頂空氣味 (Headspace volatiles);丁酸仲丁酯 (sec - butyl butyrate);圓酵母餌劑
引用: Aketarawong N, Bonizzoni M, Thanaphum S, Gomulski LM, Gasperi G, Malacrida AR, Guqliemino CR. 2007. Inferences on the population structure and colonization process of the invasive oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). Mol. Ecol. 16: 3522-3532. Buchinger D. 1996. Action Programs: California industry comments. pp 531-532. In: McPheron BA, Steck GJ (eds). Fruit Fly Pests: a World Assessment of Their Biology and Management. St Lucie Press, Delray Beach, Florida. Christenson LD, Foote RH. 1960. Biology of fruit flies. Annu Rev Entomol 5: 171-192. Cornelius ML, Nergel L, Duan JJ, Messing RH. 2000. Responses of female oriental fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) to protein and host fruit odors in field cage and open field tests. Environ Entomol 29: 14 - 19. Drew RAI, Romig MC. 1999. The biology and behavior of flies in the tribe Dacini (Dacinae). pp 535-546. In: Aluja M, Norrbom AL (eds). Fruit Flies (Tephritidae) : Phylogeny and Evolution of Behavior. CRC Press, USA. Drew RAI, Courtice AC, Teakle DS. 1983. Bacteria as a natural source of food for adult fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae). Oecologia 60: 279-284. Facundo HVV, Garruti DS, Cordenunsi BR, Lajolo FM. 2013. Isolation of volatiles compounds in banana by HS - SPME: optimization for the whole fruit and pulp. Int Biosci Biochem Bioin 3: 110-115. Flessel P, Quintana PJE, Hooper K. 1993. Genetic toxicity of malathion: a review. Environ. Mol Mutagen 22: 7-17. Fletcher BS, Prokopy RJ. 1991. Host location and oviposition in tephritid fruit flies. pp 139-171. In: Bailey WJ, Ridsdill - Smith J (eds). Reproductive Behaviour of Insects Individuals and Populations. Chapman and Hall, London. Gonz?lez RJ, Toledo J, Cruz - L?pez L, Virgen A, Santiesteban A, Malo EA. 2006. A new blend of white sapote fruit volatiles as potential attractant to Anastrepha ludens (Loew) (Diptera: Tephritidae). J Econ Entomol 99: 1994-2001. Ho KY, Hung SC, Lee HJ, Hsu TC, Chu YI. 2006. Effectiveness of fruit net-bag in trapping the Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera:Tephritidae). Plant Protect Bull 48: 93-100 Huang YB, Chou TM, Chiang MY, Hsieh YS, Hung YT, Chen PL, Chang RJ. 2013. Integrated pest management and control tactics of the oriental fruit fly. Taichung: Taiwan agricultural research institute. 112 pp. Hwang JS, Yen YP, Chang MC, Liu CY. 2002. Extraction and identification of volatile components of guava fruits and their attraction to oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). Plant Protect Bull 44: 279-302. Iwahashi O. 1972. Movement of the oriental fruit fly adults among islets of the Ogasawara Islands. Environ Entomol 1: 176-179. Jang EB, Light DM. 1996. Olfactory semiochemicals of tephritids. pp 73-90. In: McPheron BA, Steck GJ (eds). Fruit Fly Pests: A World Assessment of Their Biology and Management. Delray Beach, FL. St. Lucie Press. Jayanthi PD, Woodcock CM, Caulfield J, Birkett MA, Bruce TJ. 2012. Isolation and identification of host cues from mango, Mangifera indica, that attract gravid female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis. J Chem Ecol 38: 361-369. Koyama J, Teruya T, Tanaka K. 1984. Eradication of the oriental fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) from the Okinawa Islands by a male annihilation method. J Econ Entomol 77: 468-472. Leskey CT. and Zhang A. 2007. Impact of temperature on plum curculio (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) responses to odor-baited traps. J Econ Entomol 100: 343-349. Leblanc L, Vargas RI, Rubinoff D. 2010. Captures of pest fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) and nontarget insects in BioLure and Torula yeast traps in Hawaii. Environ Entomol 39:1626-1630. Liu YC. 1981. A review on studies of oriental fruit fly, Dacus dorsalis Hendel in Taiwan. Bull Soc Entomol 16: 9-26. (in Chinese) Liu YC. 2002. A review of studies and controls of the oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel)) and melon fly (B. cucurbitae Coquillett) in Taiwan (Diptera: Tephritidae). In Wang SC, Ho CC, Chen CC, Chen WH (eds). Preceedings of the symposium on insect ecology and fruit fly management. 2002 Dec 19; Taichung, Taiwan. pp 1-40. Liu YC, Huang LH. 1990. The oviposition preference of the oriental fruit fly, Dacus dorsalis Hendel. 10: Chinese J Entomol 159 - 168. Lopez - D F, Steiner LF, Holbrook, FR. 1971. A new yeast hydrolysate-borax bait for trapping the caribbean fruit fly. J Econ Entomol 64: 1541-1543. Malo EA, Cruz - L?pez L, Toledo J, del Mazo A, Virgen A, Rojas JC. 2005. Behavioral and electrophysiological responses of the Mexican fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) to guava volatiles. Fla Entomol 88: 364-371. Malo EA, Gallegos - Torres I, Toledo J, Valle - Mora J, Rojas JC. 2012. Attraction of the west indian fruit fly to mango fruit volatiles. Entomol Exp Appl 142: 45-52. Messing RH, Asquith A, Stark JD. 1995. Effects of malathion bait sprays on nontarget insects associated with corn in western Kauai, Hawaii. J Agric Entomol 12: 255-265. Metcalf RL, Metcalf ER. 1992. Fruit flies of the family Tephritidae. pp 109-152. In Metcalf RL, Metcalf ER (eds). Plant Kairomones in Insect Ecology and Control. Chapman and Hall, New York. Ohno S, Tamura Y, Haraguchi D, Matsuyama T, Kohama T. 2009. Re - invasions by Bactrocera dorsalis complex (Diptera: Tephritidae) occurred after its eradication in Okinawa, Japan, and local differences found in the frequency and temporal patterns of invasions. Appl Entomol Zool 44: 643-654. Prokopy RJ, Hu XP, Jang EB, Vargas RI, Warthen JD. 1998. Attraction of mature Ceratitis capitata females to 2 - heptanone, a component of coffee fruit odor. J Chem Ecol 24: 1293-1303. Reissig WH, Stanley BH, Roelofs WL, Schwarz MR. 1985. Tests of synthetic apple volatiles in traps as attractants for apple maggot flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in commercial apple orchards. Environ Entomol 14: 55-59. Robacker DC, Czokajlo D. 2005. Efficacy of two synthetic food - odor lures for Mexican fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) is determined by trap type. J Econ Entomol 98: 1517-1523. Roessler, Y. 1989. Insecticidal bait and cover sprays. pp 329-335. In: Robinson AS, Hooper G (eds). Fruit Flies. Their Biology Natural Eemies and Control 3A. Elsevier, Amsterdam. Sparks TC, Thompson GD, Kirst HA, Hertlein MB, Larson LL, Worden TV, Thibault ST. 1998. Biological activity of the spinosyns, new fermentation derived insect control agents, on tobacco budworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae. J Econ Entomol 91: 1277-1283. Stark JD, Vargas R, Miller N. 2004. Toxicity of spinosad in protein bait to three economically important tephritid fruit fly species (Diptera: Tephritidae) and their parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). J Econ Entomol 97: 911-915. Steiner LF. 1952a. Methyl eugenol as an attractant for oriental fruit fly. J Econ Entomol 45: 241-248. Steiner LF. 1952b. Fruit fly control in Hawaii with poison - bait sprays containing protein hydrolysates. J Econ Entomol 45: 838-843. Steiner LF, Mitchell WC, Harris EJ, Kozuma TT, Fujimoto MS. 1965. Oriental fruit fly eradication by male annihilation. J Econ Entomol 58: 961-964. Steiner LF, Hart WG, Harris EJ, Cunningham RT, Ohinata k, Kamakahi DC. 1970. Eradication of the oriental fruit fly from the Mariana Islands by the methods of male annihilation and sterile insect release. J Econ Entomol 63: 131-135. Tsitsipis, JA. 1989. Nutrition. In Fruit Flies: Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. pp 103–119. In: Robinson AS and Hooper G (eds). World Crop Pests Vol. 3A. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam. Wang XG, Jarjees EA, McGraw BK, Bokonon-Ganta AH, Messing RH, Johnson MW. 2005. Effects of spinosad - based fruit fly bait GF-120 on tephritid fruit fly and aphid parasitoids. Biol Control 35: 155-162. Warthen JD, Lee CJ, Jang EB, Lance DR, McInnis DO. 1997. Volatile, potential attractants from ripe coffee fruit for female Mediterranean fruit fly. J Chem Ecol 23: 1891-1900. Vargas RI, Miller NW, Prokopy RJ. 2002. Attraction and feeding responses of Mediterrane fruit fly and a natural enemy to protein baits laced with two novel toxins, phloxine B and spinosad. Entomol Exp Appl 102: 273-282. Vargas RI, Nishida T, Beardsley JW. 1983. Distribution and abundance of Dacus dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) in native and exotic forest areas on Kauai. J Econ Entomol 12: 1185-1189. Vargas RI, Leblanc L, Putoa R, Eitam A. 2007. Impact of introduction of Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) and classical biological control releases of Fopius arisanus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on economically important fruit flies in French Polynesia. J Econ Entomol 100: 670-679. Vargas RI, Mau RFL, Jang EB, Faust RM, Wong L. 2008. The Hawaii fruit fly areawide pest management programme. pp 300-325. In: Koul O, Cuperus GW, Elliott NC (eds). Areawide Pest Management: Theory to Implementation. CABI Publishing, UK. Vargas RI, Stark JD, Kido MH, Ketter H, Whitehand LC. 2000. Methyl eugenol and cue-lure traps for suppression of male oriental fruit flies and melon flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Hawaii: effects of lure mixtures and weathering. J Econ Entomol 93: 81-87. Yee LW, Landolt JP, Darnell JT. 2005. Attraction of Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae) and nontarget flies to traps baited with ammonium carbonate and fruit volatile lures in Washington and Oregon. J Agric Urban Entomol 22: 133 - 149. Yuval B, Hendrichs J. 1999. Behavior of flies in the genus Ceratitis (Dacinae: Ceratitidini). pp 429-458. In: Aluja M, Norrbom, AL (eds.). Fruit Flies (Tephritidae) : Phylogeny and Evolution of Behavior. CRC Press, USA. Aketarawong N, Bonizzoni M, Thanaphum S, Gomulski LM, Gasperi G, Malacrida AR, Guqliemino CR. 2007. Inferences on the population structure and colonization process of the invasive oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). Mol. Ecol. 16: 3522-3532. Buchinger D. 1996. Action Programs: California industry comments. pp 531-532. In: McPheron BA, Steck GJ (eds). Fruit Fly Pests: a World Assessment of Their Biology and Management. St Lucie Press, Delray Beach, Florida. Christenson LD, Foote RH. 1960. Biology of fruit flies. Annu Rev Entomol 5: 171-192. Cornelius ML, Nergel L, Duan JJ, Messing RH. 2000. Responses of female oriental fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) to protein and host fruit odors in field cage and open field tests. Environ Entomol 29: 14 - 19. Drew RAI, Romig MC. 1999. The biology and behavior of flies in the tribe Dacini (Dacinae). pp 535-546. In: Aluja M, Norrbom AL (eds). Fruit Flies (Tephritidae) : Phylogeny and Evolution of Behavior. CRC Press, USA. Drew RAI, Courtice AC, Teakle DS. 1983. Bacteria as a natural source of food for adult fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae). Oecologia 60: 279-284. Facundo HVV, Garruti DS, Cordenunsi BR, Lajolo FM. 2013. Isolation of volatiles compounds in banana by HS - SPME: optimization for the whole fruit and pulp. Int Biosci Biochem Bioin 3: 110-115. Flessel P, Quintana PJE, Hooper K. 1993. Genetic toxicity of malathion: a review. Environ. Mol Mutagen 22: 7-17. Fletcher BS, Prokopy RJ. 1991. Host location and oviposition in tephritid fruit flies. pp 139-171. In: Bailey WJ, Ridsdill - Smith J (eds). Reproductive Behaviour of Insects Individuals and Populations. Chapman and Hall, London. Gonz?lez RJ, Toledo J, Cruz - L?pez L, Virgen A, Santiesteban A, Malo EA. 2006. A new blend of white sapote fruit volatiles as potential attractant to Anastrepha ludens (Loew) (Diptera: Tephritidae). J Econ Entomol 99: 1994-2001. Ho KY, Hung SC, Lee HJ, Hsu TC, Chu YI. 2006. Effectiveness of fruit net-bag in trapping the Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera:Tephritidae). Plant Protect Bull 48: 93-100 Huang YB, Chou TM, Chiang MY, Hsieh YS, Hung YT, Chen PL, Chang RJ. 2013. Integrated pest management and control tactics of the oriental fruit fly. Taichung: Taiwan agricultural research institute. 112 pp. Hwang JS, Yen YP, Chang MC, Liu CY. 2002. Extraction and identification of volatile components of guava fruits and their attraction to oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). Plant Protect Bull 44: 279-302. Iwahashi O. 1972. Movement of the oriental fruit fly adults among islets of the Ogasawara Islands. Environ Entomol 1: 176-179. Jang EB, Light DM. 1996. Olfactory semiochemicals of tephritids. pp 73-90. In: McPheron BA, Steck GJ (eds). Fruit Fly Pests: A World Assessment of Their Biology and Management. Delray Beach, FL. St. Lucie Press. Jayanthi PD, Woodcock CM, Caulfield J, Birkett MA, Bruce TJ. 2012. Isolation and identification of host cues from mango, Mangifera indica, that attract gravid female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis. J Chem Ecol 38: 361-369. Koyama J, Teruya T, Tanaka K. 1984. Eradication of the oriental fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) from the Okinawa Islands by a male annihilation method. J Econ Entomol 77: 468-472. Leskey CT. and Zhang A. 2007. Impact of temperature on plum curculio (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) responses to odor-baited traps. J Econ Entomol 100: 343-349. Leblanc L, Vargas RI, Rubinoff D. 2010. Captures of pest fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) and nontarget insects in BioLure and Torula yeast traps in Hawaii. Environ Entomol 39:1626-1630. Liu YC. 1981. A review on studies of oriental fruit fly, Dacus dorsalis Hendel in Taiwan. Bull Soc Entomol 16: 9-26. (in Chinese) Liu YC. 2002. A review of studies and controls of the oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel)) and melon fly (B. cucurbitae Coquillett) in Taiwan (Diptera: Tephritidae). In Wang SC, Ho CC, Chen CC, Chen WH (eds). Preceedings of the symposium on insect ecology and fruit fly management. 2002 Dec 19; Taichung, Taiwan. pp 1-40. Liu YC, Huang LH. 1990. The oviposition preference of the oriental fruit fly, Dacus dorsalis Hendel. 10: Chinese J Entomol 159 - 168. Lopez - D F, Steiner LF, Holbrook, FR. 1971. A new yeast hydrolysate-borax bait for trapping the caribbean fruit fly. J Econ Entomol 64: 1541-1543. Malo EA, Cruz - L?pez L, Toledo J, del Mazo A, Virgen A, Rojas JC. 2005. Behavioral and electrophysiological responses of the Mexican fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) to guava volatiles. Fla Entomol 88: 364-371. Malo EA, Gallegos - Torres I, Toledo J, Valle - Mora J, Rojas JC. 2012. Attraction of the west indian fruit fly to mango fruit volatiles. Entomol Exp Appl 142: 45-52. Messing RH, Asquith A, Stark JD. 1995. Effects of malathion bait sprays on nontarget insects associated with corn in western Kauai, Hawaii. J Agric Entomol 12: 255-265. Metcalf RL, Metcalf ER. 1992. Fruit flies of the family Tephritidae. pp 109-152. In Metcalf RL, Metcalf ER (eds). Plant Kairomones in Insect Ecology and Control. Chapman and Hall, New York. Ohno S, Tamura Y, Haraguchi D, Matsuyama T, Kohama T. 2009. Re - invasions by Bactrocera dorsalis complex (Diptera: Tephritidae) occurred after its eradication in Okinawa, Japan, and local differences found in the frequency and temporal patterns of invasions. Appl Entomol Zool 44: 643-654. Prokopy RJ, Hu XP, Jang EB, Vargas RI, Warthen JD. 1998. Attraction of mature Ceratitis capitata females to 2 - heptanone, a component of coffee fruit odor. J Chem Ecol 24: 1293-1303. Reissig WH, Stanley BH, Roelofs WL, Schwarz MR. 1985. Tests of synthetic apple volatiles in traps as attractants for apple maggot flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in commercial apple orchards. Environ Entomol 14: 55-59. Robacker DC, Czokajlo D. 2005. Efficacy of two synthetic food - odor lures for Mexican fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) is determined by trap type. J Econ Entomol 98: 1517-1523. Roessler, Y. 1989. Insecticidal bait and cover sprays. pp 329-335. In: Robinson AS, Hooper G (eds). Fruit Flies. Their Biology Natural Eemies and Control 3A. Elsevier, Amsterdam. Sparks TC, Thompson GD, Kirst HA, Hertlein MB, Larson LL, Worden TV, Thibault ST. 1998. Biological activity of the spinosyns, new fermentation derived insect control agents, on tobacco budworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae. J Econ Entomol 91: 1277-1283. Stark JD, Vargas R, Miller N. 2004. Toxicity of spinosad in protein bait to three economically important tephritid fruit fly species (Diptera: Tephritidae) and their parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). J Econ Entomol 97: 911-915. Steiner LF. 1952a. Methyl eugenol as an attractant for oriental fruit fly. J Econ Entomol 45: 241-248. Steiner LF. 1952b. Fruit fly control in Hawaii with poison - bait sprays containing protein hydrolysates. J Econ Entomol 45: 838-843. Steiner LF, Mitchell WC, Harris EJ, Kozuma TT, Fujimoto MS. 1965. Oriental fruit fly eradication by male annihilation. J Econ Entomol 58: 961-964. Steiner LF, Hart WG, Harris EJ, Cunningham RT, Ohinata k, Kamakahi DC. 1970. Eradication of the oriental fruit fly from the Mariana Islands by the methods of male annihilation and sterile insect release. J Econ Entomol 63: 131-135. Tsitsipis, JA. 1989. Nutrition. In Fruit Flies: Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. pp 103–119. In: Robinson AS and Hooper G (eds). World Crop Pests Vol. 3A. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam. Wang XG, Jarjees EA, McGraw BK, Bokonon-Ganta AH, Messing RH, Johnson MW. 2005. Effects of spinosad - based fruit fly bait GF-120 on tephritid fruit fly and aphid parasitoids. Biol Control 35: 155-162. Warthen JD, Lee CJ, Jang EB, Lance DR, McInnis DO. 1997. Volatile, potential attractants from ripe coffee fruit for female Mediterranean fruit fly. J Chem Ecol 23: 1891-1900. Vargas RI, Miller NW, Prokopy RJ. 2002. Attraction and feeding responses of Mediterrane fruit fly and a natural enemy to protein baits laced with two novel toxins, phloxine B and spinosad. Entomol Exp Appl 102: 273-282. Vargas RI, Nishida T, Beardsley JW. 1983. Distribution and abundance of Dacus dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) in native and exotic forest areas on Kauai. J Econ Entomol 12: 1185-1189. Vargas RI, Leblanc L, Putoa R, Eitam A. 2007. Impact of introduction of Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) and classical biological control releases of Fopius arisanus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on economically important fruit flies in French Polynesia. J Econ Entomol 100: 670-679. Vargas RI, Mau RFL, Jang EB, Faust RM, Wong L. 2008. The Hawaii fruit fly areawide pest management programme. pp 300-325. In: Koul O, Cuperus GW, Elliott NC (eds). Areawide Pest Management: Theory to Implementation. CABI Publishing, UK. Vargas RI, Stark JD, Kido MH, Ketter H, Whitehand LC. 2000. Methyl eugenol and cue-lure traps for suppression of male oriental fruit flies and melon flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Hawaii: effects of lure mixtures and weathering. J Econ Entomol 93: 81-87. Yee LW, Landolt JP, Darnell JT. 2005. Attraction of Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae) and nontarget flies to traps baited with ammonium carbonate and fruit volatile lures in Washington and Oregon. J Agric Urban Entomol 22: 133 - 149. Yuval B, Hendrichs J. 1999. Behavior of flies in the genus Ceratitis (Dacinae: Ceratitidini). pp 429-458. In: Aluja M, Norrbom, AL (eds.). Fruit Flies (Tephritidae) : Phylogeny and Evolution of Behavior. CRC Press, USA.
摘要: 
This study preliminarily evaluated the attractiveness of fresh fruits against females of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis. The results showed that native mango (Mangifera indica Linn. cv. Native) and banana (Musa sapientum L. cv. Pei - Chiao) exhibited 2.40 and 2.10 times higher attractiveness than the control, red guava (Psidium guajava cv. Thai Maroon). When analyzed and evaluated the attractiveness of the headspace volatiles of banana and red guava using gas-mass chromatography (GC/MS). The results showed that butyl isovalerate, sec-butyl butyrate, isobutyl isovalerate and amyl butyrate exhibited higher attractiveness than other volatiles of banana, the catch rates for B. dorsalis female being 40.0, 28.0, 23.0 and 28.0%, respectively. There were no significant differences among these four components of banana volatiles. In addition, the attractiveness of the mixture of these four components against B. dorsalis females was not significantly different with their single components. The catch rate of ethyl caproate was 43.3% against B. dorsalis females, exhibiting the highest attractiveness and there were significant differences among the volatiles of red guava. In choice tests between fresh fruits and the components of banana volatiles, the results showed that sec-butyl butyrate exhibited more attractiveness among other components against fruit fly females. There was no significant difference between sec-butyl butyrate and mature or immature fruits of lemon (Citrus limon). Furthermore, sec-butyl butyrate was more attractive than a food attractant, Torula yeast/borax, against fruit fly females whether they were starved or not before experiment. Greenhouse tests of the persistent attractiveness of 5 different carriers, i.e., septa, melamine foam, cotton pad, filter paper, and wood pulp rag, were also conducted. The results showed each carrier contained 20 ?l of sec-butyl butyrate could sustain 9 days in greenhouse. The attractive of 5 carriers were no significant differences in choice test.

本研究初步測試各種鮮果對東方果實蠅 (Bactrocera dorsalis) 之誘引效果,結果顯示本地種芒果 (Mangifera indica Linn. cv. Native) 及香蕉 (Musa sapientum L. cv. Pei - Chiao) 之誘捕率分別為紅番石榴 (Psidium guajava cv. Thai Maroon) 對照組的 2.4 及 2.1 倍,具有較佳的誘引效果。進一步以氣相層析質譜儀 (GC / MS) 分析香蕉及紅番石榴鮮果之頂空氣味 (Headspace volatiles),香蕉氣味成分中以 butyl isovalerate、sec - butyl butyrate、isobutyl isovalerate 及 amyl butyrate 等之誘捕率較高,分別為 40.0、28.0、23.0 及 28.0%,彼此間無顯著差異,將此等誘捕效果較佳之氣味成分依分析比例混合後之誘捕率與單一氣味成分比較則無顯著差異;而在選擇性試驗中,以 butyl isovalerate 及 sec - butyl butyrate 之誘捕率顯著高於其他氣味成分。紅番石榴氣味成分中則以 ethyl caproate 之誘捕率最高為 43.3%,與其他氣味成分間有顯著差異。在香蕉氣味成分與鮮果的選擇性試驗中,以 sec - butyl butyrate 之誘捕效果較佳,與檸檬 (Citrus limon) 幼果及成熟果間無顯著差異,其餘氣味成分之誘捕率皆低於檸檬且呈顯著差異。sec - butyl butyrate 與含硼砂之圓酵母餌劑 (Torula yeast / Borax) 比較誘捕效果,發現無論雌蠅是否經過飢餓處理皆以 sec - butyl butyrate 之誘捕率較高且呈顯著差異。在持效性試驗中,血清塞、高科技海綿、吸收棉片、吸油濾紙及木漿抹布等 5 種載體吸附 20 μl sec - butyl butyrate 暴露於網室後的誘捕效果均可持效達 9 日,且 5 種載體的誘捕率間無顯著差異。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89106
其他識別: U0005-2811201416192780
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2014-08-31起公開。
Appears in Collections:昆蟲學系

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