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標題: 暗期中斷配合磷肥補施對文心蘭生長及開花之影響
Effect of Night Break Treatment Together with Phosphorus Supplement on Growth and Flowering of Oncidium
作者: Shu-Ting Hsu
關鍵字: 文心蘭;暗期中斷;磷;切花品質;根部活性;碳水化合物;Oncidium;night break;phosphorus;cut flower quality;root activity;carbonhydrate
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Night break treatment together with different phosphorus concentration supplements which were applied on Oncidium Gower Ramsey and Onc. Honey Angel under night break 2 hours in different area to pursue plant nutrition and flowering affections. Leaves L1 and L2 which exist upper of pseudobulb were influenced on increase of length and width, moreover induced new bud and flower stalk growth on Onc. Honey Angel significantly. However, it was not working at width and thinkness of leaves. Better cut flower quality which produced under night break 2 hours. The
branches, florets, flower fresh weight, vase life were presented more number at better quality compared with other treatments. In terms of night break could promote flowering quality. Onc. Gower Ramsey and Onc. Honey Angel treated with night break together phosphorus element resulted in higher fresh weight and dry weight at stages of flower stalk 10 and 25 cm emergence. The root activity increased according to higher phosphorus concentration relatively at flower stalk 10 cm stage of Onc. Gower Ramsey and flower stalk 25 cm stage of Onc. Honey Angel. Total soluble sugar accumulation existed in leaf basal primely, Nevertherless, starch accumulated in leaf tip part, moreover total soluble sugar accumulated in basal pseudobulb. On both varities and increase content of total soluble sugar at 25 cm flower stalk emergence by following higher phosphorus element relatively. However, starch existed in central pseudobulb primely. Analysis of N, Ca and Mg element presented in basal pseudobulb primely in both varieties. Better cut flower quality presented in treatment of might break 2 hours together 160 mg·L-1 phosphorus supplements, resulted in flower quality with 12 branches, more fresh weight and longer vase life, more compact appearance of inflorescence.

本試驗以文心蘭切花品種 Oncidium Gower Ramsey 和 Onc. Honey Angel 為實驗 材料,探討暗期中斷處理配合磷肥管理、暗期中斷 2 hours 處理配合磷肥濃度施用及不同地區對植株營養生長與開花之影響。文心蘭 Onc. Honey Angel 經過暗期中斷處理配合磷肥管理可增加假球莖上之葉片 L1 和 L2 之長度及寬度,並植株新芽及花莖生長均顯著提高,但不影響葉片寬度及厚度。切花品質以暗期中斷 2 hours 為較佳,其分叉數、小花數、切花鮮重及瓶插壽命均較其他處理高,顯示暗期中斷可有效提升開花品質。Onc. Gower Ramsey 和 Onc. Honey Angel 經過暗期中斷 2 hours 處理搭配磷肥濃度施用,在花莖抽出 10 和 25 cm 階段之葉片和假球莖有較高的鮮重與乾重。Onc. Gower Ramsey 花莖抽出 10 cm 階段和 Onc. Honey Angel 花莖抽出 25 cm 階段之根部活性隨磷肥濃度提高而增加。2 品種葉片中的總可溶性醋主要累積在葉片基部,澱粉則累積在葉片尖端,假球莖總可溶性醋主要累積在基部,並當花莖抽出 25 cm 階段會隨著磷肥濃度提高而增加,而澱粉主要累積在假球莖中段。分析 2 種花莖抽出階段之假球莖元素含量,氮、鈣及鎂元素會累積在假球莖基部。2 品種文心蘭切花品質皆以暗期中斷 2 hours 配合磷肥濃度 160 mg·L-1 處理為較佳,其分叉數均高達 12 叉以上、切花鮮重較高及較長的瓶插壽命,花序外觀亦較飽滿。
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