Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89217
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributorYau-Shiang Yangen_US
dc.contributor楊耀祥zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorCho-Cho Huangen_US
dc.contributor.author黃基倬zh_TW
dc.contributor.other園藝學系所zh_TW
dc.date2014zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-07T06:29:25Z-
dc.identifierU0005-2811201416180399zh_TW
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dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/89217-
dc.description.abstractWax apple flower buds showed a tendency in breaking from outside to inside canopy and upper to lower layer of canopy. The higher flower bud abscission percentage was in lower and inside canopy than that occurred in other positions. The highest percentage of flower bud weekly abscission in the 2nd~3rd week after bud break; and the highest percentage of physiological fruit drop were found in the 2nd week after full bloom. Therefore, flower buds or young fruit on the top of inflorescence or fruit cluster were not easily drop than that on middle and basal positions. When the rachis of inflorescence or fruit cluster were shorter and thicker, the abscission percentage of flower bud and physiological fruit drop showed lower, because of the detached force between rachis and flower bud or fruit became higher. In addition, lower percentage of flower bud abscission and physiological fruit drop was found in leafy bearing shoot. The higher percentage of flower bud abscission and physiological fruit drop was found in the tree with strong vigor, because of the inflorescence of larger amount of first flushing after budbreak and second flushing after full bloom. The flower bud abscission percentage in off season (budbreak in July~September) was higher than normal season (budbreak in January~April). Whereas, the physiological fruit drop percentage in normal was higher than off season. The following condition caused serious flower bud abscission and physiological fruit drop;which included heavy pruning before bud forcing, tight shading of net, heavy pruning before budbreak, non-thinning out of new shoot and inflorescence and high concentration of bud forcing breaker (Sumithion). Therefore, the following technique could reduce flower bud abscission or physiological fruit drop effectively;which included light pruning before bud forcing, loosen the shading net, choose other bud forcing breaker of chlorpyrifos in 40.8% , light pruning after budbreak;removed all new shoots and half number of inflorescence cluster one week after budbreak;girdling on one week before bud forcing and one week before full bloom, spray NAA 15ppm and Promalin 2,000x in one week after budbreak and one week before full bloom.en_US
dc.description.abstract蓮霧花芽萌發具有由樹冠外部向內部及樹冠上層至下層之趨勢,樹冠下層內部花穗之落蕾率較其他位置高。萌芽後第2~3週為落蕾高峰期,盛花後第2週則為生理落果高峰期;花穗及果穗上頂部之花蕾或幼果,較中段及基部不易脫落。花穗及果穗之穗軸較短或較粗時,其花蕾或幼果與穗軸之結合緊密,拉力較強,不易於早期脫落。花穗或果穗上無葉者,其落蕾及生理落果率均較有葉者為高。 樹勢強者較樹勢弱者具有高落蕾率及生理落果率,此與萌芽後的第一次新梢量及盛花後的第二次新梢量有關。採產期調節管理者(花芽萌發期為7~9月)之落蕾率較正常產期(花芽於1~4月萌發)為高;至於生理落果率則以正常產期較產期調節為高。 利用栽培管理及化學物質可降低落蕾率及生理落果率,遮光前輕剪可改變抽梢率,並改變花穗著生以帶葉頂芽為主之趨勢,降低主幹或主枝等無葉花穗或果穗之落蕾及生理落果。調整遮光網固定方式,可減緩枝葉受損及抽梢量,降低落蕾及生理落果;催芽後第3週,採弱剪可減少抽梢量,並使落蕾減少。另於花芽萌芽後3週,剪除新梢並摘除1/2花穗,或於催芽前1週樹幹基部環刻,均可有效降低落蕾率。另於盛花前1週,樹幹基環刻,則有效降低生理落果率。以40.8%陶斯松,取代速滅松作為催芽劑,可減少低落葉及抽梢,降低落蕾率及生理落果率。另於萌芽後1週內及盛花前1週分別噴施NAA 15ppm 或Promalin 2,000倍,可分別降低落蕾率及生理落果率。zh_TW
dc.description.tableofcontents目 次 中文摘要……………………………………………………………….......i 英文摘要………………………………………………………………......ii 緒言……………………………………………………………………......1 前人研究…………………………………………………..........................3 第一章 蓮霧落蕾及生理落果之現象………………………………........10 摘要………………………………………………………………….10 前言………………………………………………………………….11 材料與方法………………………………………………………….12 結果………………………………………………………………….17 討論…………………………………………………………….........31 第二章 蓮霧落蕾及生理落果之生理變化…………………………........34 摘要………………………………………………………………….34 前言………………………………………………………………….35 材料與方法………………………………………………………….36 結果………………………………………………………………….41 討論………………………………………………………………….64 第三章 栽培管理對蓮霧落蕾及生理落果之影響……………………...69 摘要………………………………………………………………….69 前言………………………………………………………………….70 材料與方法………………………………………………………….71 結果………………………………………………………………….74 討論………………………………………………………………….83 第四章 化學物質處理對蓮霧落蕾及生理落果之影響………………....86 摘要………………………………………………………………….86 前言………………………………………………………………….87 材料與方法………………………………………………………….89 結果………………………………………………………………….91 討論…………………………………………………………… ……98 綜合討論………………………………………………………………...100 參考文獻………………………………………………………………...108 附錄……………………………………………………………. ….116 表目次 表1. 粉紅種蓮霧不同位置芽體之萌發及落蕾…………………….18 表2. 粉紅種蓮霧花穗上不同位置花蕾之脫落率及脫落時間…….24 表3. 粉紅種蓮霧果穗上不同位置幼果之脫落率及脫落時間…….30 表4. 粉紅種蓮霧不同樹勢之園藝性狀…………………………….37表5. 粉紅種蓮霧不同樹勢之抽梢、落蕾及生理落果…………….43 表6. 粉紅種蓮霧不同長度穗軸小花梗之拉力及其落蕾………….60 表7. 粉紅種蓮霧不同橫徑花穗拉力及其落蕾……………….……61 表8. 粉紅種蓮霧不同長度穗軸之拉力及其生理落果…………….62表9. 粉紅種蓮霧不同穗軸橫徑之拉力及其生理落果…………….63 表10. 覆網遮光前之枝梢修剪對粉紅種蓮霧抽梢率、花穗數、落蕾率及生理落果率之影響…………………………...……...75 表11.覆網遮光方式對粉紅種蓮霧落葉數、花蕾數、抽梢數及落蕾 率、著果穗數及生理落果率之影響………………………...……...77 表12.催芽後之新梢打頂對粉紅種蓮霧花穗數及抽梢率、落蕾率、 著果穗數及生理落果率之影響…………………………………......78 表13.不同樹勢之粉紅種除梢及疏蕾對落蕾之影響………….…...80 表14.不同催芽劑對粉紅種蓮霧落葉數、抽梢率、花穗數、落蕾率 、著果數及落果率之影響………………………………….........92 表15.不同植物生長調節劑對粉紅種蓮霧落蕾之影響…………....93 表16.不同植物生長調節劑對粉紅種蓮霧生理落果之影響..……..96 圖目次 圖 1.粉紅種蓮霧樹冠位置之區分………………………….……......14 圖 2.花穗內不同位置花蕾……………………………………….…..15 圖 3.果穗上不同位置之幼果…………..………………………….....16 圖 4.粉紅種蓮霧萌芽後花穗之發育………………………………...19 圖 5.粉紅種蓮霧萌芽後花穗上不同位置花蕾之蕾徑變化………...20 圖 6.粉紅種蓮霧於萌芽後落蕾之變化……………………………...22 圖 7.粉紅種蓮霧於萌芽後週落蕾之變化…………………………...23 圖 8.粉紅種蓮霧盛花後不同位置幼果之果徑變化………………...25 圖 9.粉紅種蓮霧之生理落果.………….………………………….....27 圖10.粉紅種蓮霧於盛花後生理落果之變化……………………….28 圖11.粉紅種蓮霧於盛花後週生理落果之變化…………………….29 圖12.不同樹勢之粉紅種蓮霧樹之落蕾…………………………….42 圖13.不同樹勢粉紅種蓮霧之生理落果…...………………………..44 圖14.粉紅種蓮霧在不同產期之落蕾變化………………………….45 圖15.粉紅種蓮霧在不同產期之生理落果變化…………………….47 圖16.粉紅種蓮霧不同萌芽月份之落蕾…………………………….48 圖17.粉紅種蓮霧不同開花月份之生理落果……………………….49 圖18.不同花穗數粉紅種蓮霧之落蕾……………………………….50 圖19.不同果穗數粉紅種蓮霧之生理落果………………………….51 圖20.粉紅種蓮霧催芽後不同一次梢量之落蕾…………………….53 圖21.粉紅種蓮霧盛花後不同二次梢量之生理落果……………….54 圖22.粉紅種蓮霧花穗帶葉與否及不同位置花蕾之落蕾………….55 圖23.粉紅種蓮霧果穗帶葉與否及不同位置果實之生理落果…….56 圖24.粉紅種蓮霧萌芽後2週之花梗縱切面……………….……....58 圖25.粉紅種蓮霧盛花後2週之果梗縱切面……………………….59 圖26.樹幹環剝對粉紅種蓮霧落蕾之影響………………………….81 圖27.樹幹環剝對粉紅種蓮霧生理落果之影響…………………….82 圖28.粉紅種蓮霧萌芽後1週噴施植物生長調節劑後之落蕾及穗 梗拉力變化………...…………………………………………..95 圖29.粉紅種蓮霧盛花前1週噴施植物生長調節劑後之生理落果 及果梗拉力變化…….................................................................97 附錄目次 附錄1.屏東蓮霧果園試驗期間之氣象資料....................................116 附錄2.試驗期間之果園管理............................................................117 附錄3不同樹勢之粉紅種蓮霧樹....................................................118 附錄4.粉紅種蓮霧不同覆網方式.............................................zh_TW
dc.language.isozh_TWzh_TW
dc.rights不同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務zh_TW
dc.subject蓮霧zh_TW
dc.subject催芽zh_TW
dc.subject落蕾zh_TW
dc.subject生理落果zh_TW
dc.subject修剪zh_TW
dc.subject除穗zh_TW
dc.subjectwax appleen_US
dc.subjectbud forcingen_US
dc.subjectflower bud abscissionen_US
dc.subjectphysiological fruit dropen_US
dc.subjectpruningen_US
dc.subjectinflorescence removalen_US
dc.title蓮霧(Syzygium samarangense Merr. et Perry)落蕾及生理落果之研究zh_TW
dc.titleStudies on Flower Bud Abscission and Physiological Fruit Drop in Wax Apple (Syzygium samarangense Merr. et Perry)en_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationen_US
dc.date.paperformatopenaccess2017-08-31zh_TW
dc.date.openaccess10000-01-01-
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.fulltextwith fulltext-
item.languageiso639-1zh_TW-
item.grantfulltextrestricted-
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