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標題: 大屯火山群大油坑硫磺噴氣口鄰近區域植群組成與叢枝菌根菌共生關係研究
Symbiotic Relationship between Vegetation and AM Fungi at Dayukeng Fumarole Area in Tatun Volcano Group
作者: Tzu-Chao Lin
關鍵字: 大油坑;菌根菌;共生;Dayukeng;mycorrhizal fungi;symbiosis
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大屯火山群長年受到後火山作用之影響,形成特殊的土壤環境及獨特的硫磺區植群組成,部分區域土壤之pH值甚至僅2.6,土壤之全氮量為0.01%,土壤有效磷為2.49 mg kg-1,只有少數耐極酸性土壤之植物能自然生存其間。本研究針對該地區大油坑附近,進行土壤化學性質分析及叢枝菌根菌調查,目的在於瞭解菌根菌組成與土壤及植群間之關係,結果發現Entrophospora columbiana 及Glomus clarum為硫磺噴氣口白背芒 (Miscanthus sinensis var. glaber) 之主要共生菌種,然而隨著遠離噴氣口,其植相與共生之菌種多樣性也明顯地提升,共計發現有叢枝菌根菌7屬19種。此外,藉由裸土誘導繁殖試驗,發現距離植生較近的裸土中,仍然存在著菌根菌的繁殖體,且土壤中菌根菌的有無影響了白背芒是否可以在該地區存活。白背芒接種菌根試驗及植體的養分分析,証實大油坑地區的白背芒比南橫種源的白背芒有較高的發芽率,並且與大油坑地區的優勢菌根菌有較佳的共生效能。

Tatun volcano group preserves particular soils environment and solfatara vegetation in phenomena of post-volcanism all the year round. The soils in part of this place are extremely acid, soil pH, nitrogen and available phosphorus contents are 2.6, 0.01 %, 2.49 mg kg-1 respectively. There are only some extreme acid-tolerable plant species can survive in this area. In this study, the soil chemical properties and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) composition were investigated to determine the relationship among them. We found that the main AMF symbiosis with Miscanthus sinensis var. glaber which predominate the fumarole are Entrophospora columbiana and Glomus clarum. The biodiversity of plants and AMF is increased with the distance from the Dayukeng fumarole, where 19 species in 7 genus were recorded. By means of bait culture in bare soil, there are still some propagules existed near the plants, which were related to the existence of Miscanthus sinensis var. glaber. In the AMF inoculation experiment, Miscanthus sinensis var. glaber from Dayukeng fumarole area revealed higher seeds generation rate and best symbiotic effect than those from Nanhen area.
In the inoculation experiment of Gordonia axillaris, we demonstrated that AMF improve the nutrient availability of Gordonia axillaris in Dayukeng peculiar soil and corroborated that the existence of M. sinensis var. glaber is contributive to population establishment of AMF which help the successive plants to establish further. Inoculation experiment on different host plants and in distinct soil properties have been conducted. The result showed that AMF exhibit little host specificity but soil properties affect the synthesis of plant and fungi. Though different plants and AMF prefer living in different soil properties, but when the plants live in improper habitat, their growth could be improved by inoculating appropriate AMF. In the phosphorus transporter gene expression experiment, the gene expression in the root of M. sinensis var. glaber showed down-regulation, it implies that when M. sinensis var. glaber mycorrhized with AMF, the hyhpal system could play an important role for uptaking phosphorus.
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