Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89249
標題: 木賊葉木麻黃苗圃菌根化作業流程之研究
Study on the operation procedure of mycorrhizal inoculation on Casuarina equisetifolia growth in nursery.
作者: Rong-Sian Syu
許榮顯
關鍵字: 木賊葉木麻黃;母株感染法;苗圃菌根化;Casuarina equisetifolia;plant trap culture;mycorrhizal inoculation in nursery
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摘要: 
木麻黃屬植物(Casuarina )由於其耐旱、耐鹽、耐貧瘠等生長特性,成為台灣海岸林極為重要之造林樹種。然而因其長期遭受風害、鹽害、養份不足等影響,造成其生長近年來有提早衰退之現象。而菌根菌能幫助植物抵抗逆境,並有效提高養分吸收。本試驗藉由盆栽法及母株感染法,來繁殖菌種並透過接種盆方式,建立一套苗圃菌根化的作業流程。接種盆能幫助幼苗於發芽後自行感染,能夠有效提高苗木菌根的感染率,其中台中港為44 %,四湖 63 %,而其中母株感染法的接種盆感染率更達到77 %。但土壤中的養分不能無中生有,菌根僅能幫助植物更有效的吸收,因此希望在接種菌根菌後也能在低磷濃度肥料添加下,來提高苗圃苗木的生長。探討苗木種植於不同介質與菌種處理的生長情形,並選擇最佳介質及較好的菌種處理方法。其中以有滅菌並有添加低磷濃度的花寶為較佳的介質,能夠有效幫助苗木在苗高、地際直徑、鮮重、全株乾重的生長量。透過推行苗圃菌根化的建立,讓苗木能夠以更為健康的狀況生長茁壯,並降低菌根化所產生的成本,以提高造林的成效。

Casuarina spp has high tolerance to drought, salt, and soil depletion, and is therefore the most crucial species in Taiwan's coastal forests; however, it suffers from wind damage, salt damage, and denutrition, and a deteriorating growth rate has been observed. Mycorrhizal fungi can help plants resist stress by , enhancing nutrition absorption. Using pot substrate and plant trap cultures, results in large sporulation; we therefore used inoculated pots to establish a standard operation procedure in a mycorrhizal inoculation experiment. Inoculated pots can increase the infection rate of seedlings to 77%, compared with 44% for T methods and 63% for L methods . However, nutrition cannot be supplied from nothing, and mycorrhizal fungi can only help plants absorb nutrition more effectively; therefore, we assisted the growth of seedlings low-concentration phosphate after inoculation with mycorrhizal fungi. Our results indicated the mycorrhizal seedlings in which the medium and culture arwere the most suitable. The optimal medium was sterilised and added to low-concentration phosphate fertilizer, and it enhanced the growth of seedlings in height, diameter, fresh weight, total dry weight, shoot dry weight, and root dry weight. After mycorrhizal inoculation in a nursery, the seedlings grew more healthily. Our results reduce the costs of mycorrhizal inoculation in nurseries, and improve the effectiveness of reforestation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89249
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2018-08-13起公開。
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