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標題: 海茄苳與欖李對不同溫度之光合作用、葉綠素螢光反應及光保護策略
Temperature Response of Photosynthesis, Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Strategy of Photoprotection in Avicennia marina and Lumnitzera racemosa
作者: Chun-Hao Chan
關鍵字: 海茄苳;欖李;溫度;淨光合速率;葉綠素;光抑制;Avicennia marina;Lumnitzera racemosa;temperature;net photosynthetic rate;chlorophyll fluorescence;photoinhibition
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為瞭解海茄苳 (Avicennia marina) 與欖李 (Lumnitzera racemosa) 於不同溫度下的光合作用、葉綠素螢光反應及光保護策略,本研究選擇台南市北門區雙春之海茄苳及欖李與新竹縣新豐鄉紅毛港之海茄苳,測定15-35oC五種不同溫度對兩地區之海茄苳與欖李之淨光合作用速率及葉綠素螢光等生理反應之影響。研究之結果歸納如下述:雙春之海茄苳及欖李於低溫處理時受到氣孔及非氣孔之限制,而新豐海茄苳僅受到氣孔限制。葉綠素螢光參數表示光合作用光反應之部分,本試驗結果顯示三種材料之ETR、qP、ΦPSII及Fv'/Fm'在15oC處理時為最低值,與高於15oC以上之各處理間達顯著差異 (p < 0.05),表示於低溫時三種材料於光反應之部分皆受到抑制。且於15oC時受光抑制之比例最大,其中欖李較海茄苳更形嚴重。而光保護之結果顯示,新豐海茄苳與雙春海茄苳之差異為地理位置與自然環境低溫之影響,相同生長於雙春之海茄苳與欖李之差異表示海茄苳較欖李耐低溫。由可溶性蛋白之結果可知,隨著溫度降低可溶性蛋白含量有增加的趨勢,在樹種間的差異,雙春欖李之可溶性蛋白含量於20oC處理者為較大值,與高於20oC以上之處理間達到顯著差異 (p < 0.05),而雙春海茄苳之可溶性蛋白含量則在15oC處理者為最大值,與高於15oC以上之處理間達到顯著差異 (p < 0.05),表示欖李對於低溫較海茄苳敏感。由色素分析之結果顯示,於樹種間比較,欖李之類胡蘿蔔素於各溫度處理皆高於海茄苳,其與葉綠素螢光之NPQ變化亦如此,表示以非光化學消散對欖李為重要的消散路徑。

To understand the response of photosynthesis, chlorophyll fluorescence, and photoprotection strategy in Avicennia marina and Lumnitzera racemosa to temperatures, the A. marina and L. racemosa in Shuangchun, Beimen Dist., Tainan City and the A. marina in the HongMao Harbor, Sinfong Township, Hsinchu County were chosen as the sample materials in this study. The net photosynthetic rate and chlorophyll fluorescence response under 5 different conditions between 15-35oC were measured. The result showed that the A. marina and L. racemosa in Shuangchun would suffer both of the stoma and non-stoma limitation under the low temperature, and the A. marina in Sinfong would suffer the stoma limitation only. The photosynthetic light reactions based on the chlorophyll fluorescence parameters showed that the ETR, qP, ΦPSII, and Fv'/Fm' of the 3 materials in this study all displayed the least value under 15oC with significant differences (p < 0.05) between that and other treats above 15oC. It demonstrated that the light reactions of all the 3 materials were inhibited under the low temperature. The photoinhibition acted the worst under 15oC, and the L. racemosa was affected more than the A. marina. According to the photoprotection performance, the A. marina in different habitat performed differently because of the geographic position and the natural low temperature. However, the A. marina and L. racemosa both growing in Shuangchun showed that the A. marina was more low-temperature-tolerable than the L. racemosa. The soluble protein analysis showed that the contents of soluble protein increased with the temperature decreased. There were some differences between species. The L. racemosa in Shuangchun had the most content of soluble protein under 20oC with significant differences (p < 0.05) between that and other treats above 20oC. But the A. marina in Shuangchun had the most content of soluble protein under 15oC with significant differences (p < 0.05) between that and other treats above 15oC. It demonstrated that the L. racemosa was more sensitive to the low temperature than the A. marina. Through the plant pigment analysis, it was found that the L. racemosa always had more carotenoids than the A. marina had under every treat. It showed the same trend by the NPQ of chlorophyll fluorescence. Therefore, it was supposed that the non-photochemical quenching was an important dissipation pathway to the L. racemosa.
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