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dc.contributor.authorWen-Jung Laien_US
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dc.description.abstract本研究以國內為合板與單板層積材製造常用之放射松(Pinus radiata)單板為材料,透過硼酸處理,低分子量酚甲醛樹脂,呋喃甲醇改質,熱處理製程改質單板與生物忌避型藥劑之添加,製成單板層積材評估其抗白蟻性及其物理與機械性質,提出一最適化製程,供國內機關業者參考。結果顯示,硼酸處理方面,以單板注入硼酸溶液其吸收量達3 kg/m3時具有抗白蟻性,其密度、平衡含水率、吸濕性、抗彎強度及抗壓強度有上升之情形,膠合抗剪強度會下降。將硼酸加入於膠合劑之處理方式,對LVL之密度、平衡含水率、吸濕性、抗彎強度影響並不顯著,但會使膠合抗剪強度及抗壓強度下降,且抗白蟻性比單板處理者差。酚甲醛樹脂處理方面,以單板進行酚甲醛樹脂處理其注入量達148.2 kg/m3時具抗白蟻性,密度、抗彎強度及抗壓強度有上升之情形,平衡含水率、吸濕性及膠合抗剪強度則會下降。呋喃甲醇處理方面,以單板注入呋喃甲醇溶液其注入量達7.5 kg/m3時具有抗白蟻性,密度、抗彎強度及抗壓強度隨著呋喃甲醇之注入量上升而增加,平衡含水率及吸濕性隨著呋喃甲醇之注入量增加而下降,呋喃甲醇注入會使LVL之膠合抗剪強度下降,但並不隨注入量增加而改變。熱處理方面,LVL之抗白蟻性並不因熱處理而得到改善,密度、平衡含水率、抗彎強度、膠合抗剪強度,隨著熱處理溫度增加而下降,而抗壓強度則有上升之情形,吸濕性也有降低之效果,其LVL熱處理製程之強度下降幅度較單板熱處理低,較推薦做為熱處理改質之製程。生物忌避型藥劑處理方面,於藥劑添加量為1.0%時具抗白蟻性,且藥劑添加至膠合劑並不影響LVL之物理性質、尺寸安定性及機械性質。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this study was to evaluate the physical-mechanical performance and termite resistance of modified laminted veneer lumber (LVL), including boric acid treatment, low molecular weight phenol formaldehyde resin treatment, furfurylation, heat-treated method and biological repellent treatment. Optimized processes to improve the termite resistance of LVL was also investigated. Results indicated that veneer of boric acid treatment has termites resistance while its retention reach 3 kg/m3, and its density, equilibrium moisture content, hygroscopicity, bending strength and compressive strength were increased, but the bonding shear strength was decreased.The way of adding boric acid to the adhesives was no significant difference for density, equilibrium moisture content and bending strength, however, the bonding shear and compressive strength were decreased, and the termite resistance was less than the boric acid treated-veneer. Retention of veneer impregnated with phenol formaldehyde resin (PF) and furfuryl alcohol (FA) were 148.2 kg/m3 and 7.5 kg/m3, respectively. Both of these two treatments have improved the properties with regard equilibrium moisture content (EMC), hygroscopicity, bending strength, compressive strength and resistance against termites. No significant difference was found on improving termite resistance with heat-treated LVL. In addition, the bending and bonding strength of LVL were decreased. However, the EMC, hygroscopicity and compressive strength of LVL were improved after heat treatment. The type of LVL treatment was better than the type of veneer treatment in strength remaining. Well termite resistance was found by adding 1% biological repellent to LVL and not affect its physical properties, dimensional stability and mechanical properties.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents摘要 i Summary ii 目次 iv 表目次 vii 圖目次 ix 第一章、前言 1 第二章、文獻回顧 5 一、硼系化合物處理 5 二、酚甲醛樹脂處理 6 三、呋喃甲醇處理 8 四、熱處理 11 五、生物忌避性藥劑處理 14 第三章、材料與方法 15 一、單板層積材製程 15 二、處理條件 15 (一)硼系化合物處理 15 (二)單板酚甲醛樹脂處理 15 (三)單板呋喃甲醇處理 16 (四)熱處理改質處理 16 (五)生物忌避型藥劑處理 17 三、LVL性質試驗 17 (一)物理性質試驗 17 (二)機械性質試驗 20 (三)抗白蟻性試驗 21 (四)統計分析 22 第四章、結果與討論 23 一、市售相關木質建材之抗白蟻性評估 23 二、硼系化合物處理 24 (一)不同濃度硼酸減壓法之放射松單板吸收量 24 (二)不同吸收量硼酸處理放射松單板抗白蟻性 25 (三)不同硼酸處理製程放射松LVL之物理性質 27 (四)不同製程硼酸處理放射松LVL機械性質 30 (五)不同製程硼酸處理放射松LVL之抗白蟻性 33 三、單板酚甲醛樹脂處理 36 (一)減壓法處理酚甲醛樹脂放射松單板之注入量 36 (二)不同PF注入量處理放射松單板之抗白蟻性 37 (三)PF注入處理放射松LVL之物理性質 40 (四)PF注入處理放射松LVL之機械性質 43 四、單板呋喃甲醇處理 46 (一)不同注入製程呋喃甲醇處理放射松單板之注入量 46 (二)不同呋喃甲醇注入量處理放射松LVL之物理性質 47 (三)不同呋喃甲醇注入量處理放射松LVL之機械性質 50 (四)不同呋喃甲醇注入量處理放射松LVL之抗白蟻性 53 五、熱處理 55 (一)不同溫度及製程熱處理放射松LVL之質量損失率 55 (二)不同溫度及製程熱處理放射松LVL之物理性質 56 (三)不同溫度及製程熱處理放射松LVL之機械性質 59 (四)不同溫度熱處理放射松LVL之抗白蟻性 62 六、生物忌避型藥劑處理 65 (一)生物忌避型藥劑處理放射松LVL之物理性質 65 (二)生物忌避型藥劑處理放射松LVL之機械性質 67 (三)生物忌避型藥劑處理放射松LVL之抗白蟻性 69 第五章、結論 72 參考文獻 74zh_TW
dc.subjectLaminated veneer lumberen_US
dc.subjectTermite resistanceen_US
dc.subjectPhysical propertiesen_US
dc.subjectMechanical propertiesen_US
dc.titleFundamental properties and anti termite performance of laminated veneer lumber made of different treated veneeren_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationen_US
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
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