Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89282
標題: Exploring the Relationships of Recreation Motivation, Environmental Restorative Perceptions, and Mental Health Benefits in Forest Recreation
探討森林遊憩動機、環境復癒知覺與心理健康效益之關係
作者: Ya-Han Wang
汪亞翰
關鍵字: 森林遊憩動機;環境復癒知覺;心理健康效益;社會人口統計變數;森林遊憩;recreation motivation;environmental restorative perceptions;mental health benefits;socio-demographics;forest recreation
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摘要: 
隨著民眾生活步調變快與生活壓力徒增,民眾對於自身健康的態度逐漸重視。過去研究指出人們可藉由戶外遊憩體驗獲得身體、心理與社會上的效益,並且在自然環境下更為有益。除此之外,遊憩動機反映遊客的需求,遊客具備高度動機時,自然環境特性將帶給遊客更多的復癒知覺,因此動機、自然環境特性與遊客心理效益之間具有一定程度的關聯。然而過去研究較少將遊程前遊憩動機與遊程後心理效益作連結,若是探討出遊憩動機與心理效益之關係,則能使管理單位之健康促進相關政策更具說服力。故本研究即以遊憩體驗為主軸,探討遊客於森林遊樂區遊程前之遊憩動機、遊程中之環境復癒知覺與遊程後心理健康效益之關係。本研究於2013年10月期間赴惠蓀林場森林遊樂區進行問卷調查,並獲得有效問卷486份,經由因素分析、信度分析、多元迴歸分析、階層迴歸分析與單因子變異數分析等統計工具來分析資料。其結果如下:
1. 因素分析結果將遊憩動機分為四個構面,環境復癒知覺分為三個構面,心理健康效益則為五個構面。
2. 在信度分析方面,遊憩動機量表的構面信度範圍為 .68至 .90,環境復癒知覺量表的構面信度範圍為 .74 至 .89,心理健康效益量表的構面信度範圍為 .74 至 .90,皆具可接受的信度。
3. 多元迴歸分析方面,遊憩動機對環境復癒知覺之影響呈顯著;環境復癒知覺對心理健康效益之影響呈顯著,遊憩動機對心理健康效益之影響呈顯著。而階層迴歸分析的部分,環境復癒知覺對心理健康效益之影響力較遊憩動機大,且以自由自在與遠離日常構面最為顯著影響。自由自在構面對心理健康效益所有5個構面顯著影響,而遠離日常則有對4個構面顯著影響。
4. 在社會人口統計變數之單因子變異數分析方面,發現三個主要變項皆是在年齡、婚姻與工作狀況達到顯著差異,且以21歲以上、已婚與全職工作者之遊客為高。
本研究建議管理單位透過結合自然特色與身體體驗,規劃相關體驗活動,如步道闖關認證來鼓勵民眾完成不同的步道,提升遊客之遊憩動機與國人健康促進概念,本研究發現遊憩動機、環境復癒知覺與心理健康效益之關係,並提供管理單位作為規劃活動以及森林遊樂相關研究之參考。

With faster daily pace and increased stress in life, people paid more attention to health related issues. The past literature revealed that people may obtain physical, mental, and social benefits from their outdoor recreation participation. The benefits were especially salient for mental healthin the nature areas. Besides, recreation motivation reflected visitors' needs. The higher motivation visitors have, the more restorative perceptions visitors perceive from nature areas. Therefore, there were connections among motivation, the characteristics of nature area, and visitors' mental health benefits. Nevertheless, few past literature were connecting recreation motivation and mental health benefit in nature recreation. It's more convincing to the health promotion policy if the relationship between recreation motivation and positive mental health were provided. Therefore, this study intended to explore the relationships among recreation motivation, environmental restorative perceptions and mental health benefits in the context of forest recreation. In October 2013, the visitors to Huisun National Forest Recreation Area in central Taiwan were surveyed and I obtained a sample of 486 usable visitor data. I used factor analysis, reliability analysis, hierarchical regression analysis, and one-way ANOVA to analyze data. The study results were listed as below:
1. The factor analysis of recreation motivation results clearly showed four factors, environmental restorative perceptions showed three factors, and mental health benefit showed five factors.
2. The reliability analysis showed that the factors' Cronbach α values range of recreation motivation were from .68 to .90, the factors' Cronbach α values range of environmental restorative perceptions were from .74 to .89, and the factors' Cronbach α values range of mental health benefit were from .74 to .90. The results demonstrated acceptable reliability of measures.
3. Mutiple regression revealed that recreation motivation influenced environmental restorative perceptions significantly. Recreation motivation and environmental restorative perceptions both influenced mental health benefits significantly. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that compared with recreation motivation, environmental restorative perceptions, especially the factors 'free and easy' and 'far away from usual' were more important to people's mental health benefits. There were 4 out of 5 mental health benefits factors were significantly influenced by 'far away from usual', and all the mental health benefits factors were significantly influenced by 'free and easy'.
4. One-way ANOVA on socio-demographic variables showed that age, marriage, and occupasion were significantly different from recreation motivation, environmental restorative perceptions and mental health benefits. Visitors who were 21-year-old, married, and full-time worker, scored higher on all the aforementioned concepts.

I suggest the managers at Huisun National Forest Recreation Area may combine setting natural charactoristics and visitor motivation to design activities such as trail hiking certificate so that visitors' recreation experience and mental health can be promoted. . Finally, the research implications for niche forest recreation management were also provided.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89282
其他識別: U0005-2811201416173627
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2017-08-31起公開。
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