Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89306
標題: Air Pollutants Interception of Plains Afforestation in central Taiwan
臺灣中部平地造林對大氣汙染物截留之研究
作者: Chien-pei Chen
陳千佩
關鍵字: 空氣汙染;穿落水;截留;air pollution;throughfall;interception
引用: 王秋嫻、劉瓊霦、陸象豫、林介龍、蔡真珍 (2014) 森林集水區對酸性與非酸性沈降之水化學變化--以台灣北部文山林場為例。林業研究季刊。 36(1): 45-56。 仲崇毅、鍾佩伶、李芳胤、郭耀綸 (2007) 植物對氮氧化物及硫氧化物淨化效能評估。中華林學季刊。40(4): 497-507。 伍珍曄、蘇聖暘、張華洲、許博行、劉瓊霦 (2011) 平地造林不同樹種對淨化空氣汙染物之研究。2011森林資源保存與利用研討會論文集。209-217。 何坤益、陳威廷、張藝馨、黃文正、平薇鈴 (2010) 平地造林地區林分調查及樹種篩選。行政院農業委員會林務局出版。共 75 頁。 范基南、李奇倉 (1997) 鄉土樹種之落塵截留量及抗性比較。抗空氣汙染之鄉土樹種及草種之篩選。 金恆鑣、劉瓊霦、夏禹九、黃正良 (2003) 福山天然闊葉林生態系對降水水化學的交互作用。臺灣林業科學 18(4): 367-373。 柴一新、祝寧、韓煥金 (2002) 城市綠化樹種的滯塵效應--以哈爾濱市為例。應用生態學報 13(9):1121-1126。 莊秉潔、郭珮萱 (2011) 石化產業的空汙與健康風險。生態臺灣 30:20-32。 徐慈鴻 (2005) 空氣污染對植物之影響:粒狀污染物。臺灣農家要覽 (修訂三版) 農作篇。行政院農業委員會。545-547頁。 徐慈鴻、李貽華 (2006) 空氣污染與植物監測。藥毒所專題報導。行政院農業委員會農業藥物毒物試驗所。1-11頁。 郭耀綸、陳家儀、李芳胤、仲崇毅 (2008) 二氧化硫短期燻氣對十七種樹苗葉部傷害及生理活性之影響。作物、環境與生物資訊 5: 113-126。 陳美華 (1984) 二氧化硫對作物細胞構造之影響。中華農業研究 33(4): 387-394。 張育森 (1997) 綠化樹種篩選之研究-綠化植物對都市落塵與懸浮微粒滯留及抗性之比較研究。行政院環保署編印。共84頁。 黃尚義 (2009) 樹木綠帶滯塵效果之研究。國立屏東科技大學森林系碩士論文。共 52 頁。 蔡志明 (2004) 空氣污染微粒在植物表面之沈降與脫離。國立臺灣大學森林研究所碩士論文。共87頁。 蔡欣育 (2005) 八卦山台地主要樹種雨水截留量之比較。國立彰化師範大學生物學系研究所碩士論文。共92頁。 劉恩妤、劉瓊霦 (2008) 利用混沉降物的收集以推估林木對空氣汙染的截留能力。林業研究季刊30(3):1-12。 劉恩妤、張湘華、伍珍曄、劉瓊霦 (2010) 都市行道樹冠層對粒狀汙染物及重金屬截留能力的比較研究。2010森林資源保存與利用研討會論文集。63-75。 劉瓊霦 (2000) 雨水流經關刀溪三種林分水化學之變化。國立中興大學森林學研究所博士論文。共 131 頁。 蘇明俊 (2007) 以主成分分析探討乾沉降中氮物種組成變化之研究。國蠟臺灣海洋大學海洋環境資訊系碩士論文。共95頁。 中央氣象局全球資訊網 http://www.cwb.gov.tw/V7/index.html引用時間:2014/11/20 行政院環保署-空氣品質監測網 http://taqm.epa.gov.tw/taqm/zh-tw/default.aspx 引用時間:2014/11/20 行政院環保署-中國大陸沙塵監測網http://dust.epa.gov.tw/dust/tw/default.aspx引用時間:2014/12/02 臺灣樹木解說 http://subject.forest.gov.tw/species/twtrees/index.htm 引用時間:2014/11/20 常見2000種植物 http://kplant.biodiv.tw/index.htm引用時間:2014/11/20 Andre, F., M. Jonard and Q. Ponette (2008) Spatial and temporal patterns of throughfall chemistry within a temperate mixed oak-beeh stand. Science of the Total Environment 397: 215-228. Baumgardner, D., S. Varela, F. J. Escobedo, A. Chacalo, C. Ochoa (2012) The role of a peri-urban forest on air quality improvement in the Mexico City megalopolis. Environmental Pollution. 163: 174-183. Escobedo, F. J. and D. J. Nowak (2009) Spatial heterogeneity and air pollution removal by an urban forest. Landscape and Urban Planning. 90: 102-110. Gadsdon, S. R., S. A. Power (2009) Quantifying local traffic contributions to NO2 and NH3 concentrations in natural habitats. Environmental Pollution 157: 2845-2852. Honour, S. L., J. N. B. Bell, T. W. Ashenden, J. N. Cape, and S. A. Power (2009) Responses of herbaceous plants to urban air pollution: Effects on growth, phenology and leaf surface characteristics. Environmental Pollution 157: 1279–1286. Lea, P. J., J. Wolfenden, and A. R. Wellburn (1994) Influence of air pollutants upon nitrogen metabolism. Plant Responses to the Gaseous Environment. Chapman & Hall. London. UK. pp. 279-299. Leghari, S. K.and M. A. Zaidi (2013) Effect of air pollution on the leaf morphology of common plant species of Quetta city. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 45(S1): 447-454. Lovett, G. M. (1994) Atmospheric deposition of nutrients and pollutants in North America: an ecological perspective. Ecological Application 4(4): 629-650. Nowak, D. J. (1994) Chapter 5:Air Pollution Removal by Chicago's Urban Forest. Chicago's Urban Forest Ecosystem: Results of the Chicago Urban Forest Climate Project. USDA Forest service General Technical Report NE-186. pp. 63-81. Nowak, D. J., D. E. Crane, and J. C. Stevens (2006) Air pollution removal by urban trees and shrubs in the United States. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 4: 115-123. Oliva, S. R., and M. D. Mingorance (2006) Assessment of airborne heavy metal pollution by aboveground plant parts. Chemosphere 65:177-182. Prusty, B.A.K., P.C. Mishra, and P.A. Azeez (2005) Dust accumulation and leaf pigment content in vegetation near the national highway at Sambalpur, Orissa, India. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 60:228-235. Rennenberg, H. and A. Polle (1994) Metabolic consequences of atmospheric sulfur influx into plants. Plant Responses to the Gaseous Environment. Chapman & Hall. London. UK. pp. 165-180. Schmitt, M., L. Thoni, P. Waldner, A. Thimonier (2005) Total deposition of nitrogen on Swiss long-term forest ecosystem research (LWF) plots: comparison of the throughfall and the inferential method. Atmospheric Environment. 39: 1079-1091. Sverdrup, H., W. de Vries, and A. Henriksen (1990) Mapping Critical Loads: A guidance to the criteria, calculations, data collection and mapping of critical loads. Miljorapport. 1990:14. Nordic Council of Ministers. Denmark. 124 pp. Turunen, M. and S. Huttunen (1990) A review of the response of epicuticular wax of conifer needles to air pollution. Journal of Environmental Quality 19: 35-45. Yin, S., Z. Shen, P. Zhou, X. Zou, S. Che and W. Wang (2011) Quantifying air pollution attenuation within urban parks:An experimental approach in Shanghai, China. Environmental Pollution. 159:2155-2163. Yang, R., K. Hayashi, B. Zhu, F. Li and X. Yan (2010) Atmospheric NH3 and NO2 concentration and nitrogen deposition in an agricultural catchment of Eastern China. Science of The Total Environment.408: 4624-4632.
摘要: 
臺灣平地區域由於人口密集與經濟活動發展,導致空氣品質日漸惡化。近年來政策積極推行平地造林與增加綠化面積,利用森林具有吸附空氣汙染物及改善環境品質之特性,以發揮森林對於環境之外部效益。本試驗從2013年6月到2014年7月,收集臺灣中部不同平地造林樹種的穿落水,探討比較不同平地造林樹種對於空氣汙染物截留之功能差異。試驗樹種分別為臺中外埔農場的白千層 (Melaleuca leucadendra )、茄苳 (Bischofia javanica)、樟樹 (Cinnamomum camphora )、無患子 (Sapindus mukorossii )、臺灣櫸 (Zelkova formosana) 及水黃皮 (Pongamia pinnata);彰化溪州農場的臺灣欒樹 (Koelreuteria formosana )、水黃皮 (Pongamia pinnata)、白千層 (Melaleuca leucadendra)、苦楝 (Melia azedarach)、光蠟樹 (Fraxinus formosana Hay.) 及茄苳 (Bischofia javanica)。研究結果顯示外埔農場的樟樹對大氣中無機氮 (NH4-N、NO2-N 與 NO3-N) 截留量 (24.02 kg ha-1 year-1) 最高;最低為臺灣櫸的 2.77 kg ha-1 year-1,而溪州農場在茄苳截留量最高為24.33 kg ha-1 year-1;在白千層 2.37 kg ha-1 year-1最低;大氣硫截留量 (SO4-S) 最高皆出現在白千層,分別為外埔農場的 21.82 kg ha-1 year-1與溪州農場的 21.16 kg ha-1 year-1,而最低在外埔農場為臺灣櫸的 1.12 kg ha-1 year-1,在溪州農場最低為光蠟樹,其硫截留量僅0.33 kg ha-1 year-1;對粒狀汙染物 (粒徑 > 0.45 μm) 截留方面,,外埔農場最高為白千層的 107.29 kg ha-1 year-1,最低為臺灣櫸的 27.86 kg ha-1 year-1,而溪州農場最高為茄苳,其截留量為 137.92 kg ha-1 yr-1,最低為光蠟樹 10.22 kg ha-1 yr-1。

Due to society development and population increasing, the quality of air in Taiwan has been degeneration. In recent, actively pursuing policies to increase the plains afforestation and green area in order to show the external benefits of environment, by the use of forest with characteristics of air pollutants adsorption and improve environmental quality. The study assess the ability of plains afforestation tree species in central Taiwan plains forest (Taichung Waipu and Changhua Xizhon) for air pollutants interception, though the analysis of water chemistry of precipitation and throughfall. The plains afforestation tree species selected for sampling are Melaleuca leucadendra, Bischofia javanica, Cinnamomum camphora, Sapindus mukorossii, Zelkova formosana and Pongamia pinnata in Taichung Waipu; Koelreuteria formosana, Pongamia pinnata, Melaleuca leucadendra, Melia azedarach, Fraxinus formosana and Bischofia javanica in Changhua Xizhon. Results indicated that the highest inorganic-N deposition (NH4-N、NO2-N and NO3-N) are C. camphora (24.02 kg ha-1 year-1 ) in Waipu and B. javanica (24.33kg ha-1 year-1 ) in Xizhon, the lowest inorganic-N deposition are Z. formosana ( 2.77 kg ha-1 year-1 ) in Waipu and M. leucadendra (2.37 kg ha-1 year-1 ) in Xizhon. For the other gas pollutants, the highest S deposition (SO4-S) is M. leucadendr, in both test area, the result is 21.82 kg ha-1 year-1 in Waipu and 21.16 kg ha-1 year-1 in Xizhon. Z. formosana in Waipu and F. formosana in Xizhon are lower than other tree speices, there are 1.12 kg ha-1 year-1 and 0.33 kg ha-1 year-1 . Ability of particulate matter (diameter > 0.45 μm) depositon shows the highest on M. leucadendr ( 107.29 kg ha-1 year-1 ) in Waipu and B. javanica (137.92 kg ha-1 year-1) in Xizhon. The lowest particulate matter depositon are Z. formosana in Waipu and F. formosana in Xizhon, there are 27.86 kg ha-1 year-1 and 10.22 kg ha-1 year-1.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89306
其他識別: U0005-0402201514520000
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2016-02-05起公開。
Appears in Collections:森林學系

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat Existing users please Login
nchu-104-7101033012-1.pdf3.52 MBAdobe PDFThis file is only available in the university internal network    Request a copy
Show full item record
 

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.