Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89312
標題: The Influences of Serious Leisure, Flow Experience and Values on Psychological Well-Being for Campers
露營活動參與者之認真休閒特質、心流體驗、價值觀對心理幸福感的影響
作者: Han Hui Huang
黃瀚輝
關鍵字: 認真休閒;心流體驗;價值觀;幸福感;露營;溪頭自然教育園區;Serious leisure;Flow experience;Values;well-being;camper;Xitou
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摘要: 
人們的心理幸福感是近十幾年來一項重要的研究議題,其代表一種人們是否過著積極正向生活的指標,然而,在休閒遊憩領域中,許多的研究均顯示參與遊憩活動能夠促進人們的幸福感,為了探討影響個體心理幸福感的因素,本研究包含三個預測變數價值觀、認真休閒以及心流體驗,目的為結合上述變數並且進一步瞭解活動參與者之心理特質,研究對象為露營活動參與者,研究地點為溪頭露營區,自2013年6月份至10月份期間,一共進行了8次問卷調查,獲得有效問卷233份。
本研究信度分析顯示量表具有內部一制性,接著依據探索性因素分析之結果作為數據分析的基礎。分析方法上,首先以人口統計變項進行獨立樣本t檢定、單因子變異數分析來暸解樣本內的差異性,此外,以多元回歸模式及階層回歸模式等方式,對於「露營者之認真休閒特質、心流體驗、價值觀對心理幸福感之影響」進行假設關係之驗證,以暸解預測變數的解釋能力,經由資料分析獲得以下的結果:
1、 露營者之認真休閒、心流體驗以及心理幸福感在皆有部分差異性存在,然而價值觀部分卻未有達到顯著差異水準,且婚姻狀況對各變數的差異性皆較為顯著,性別則是並未具有顯著差異性存在。
2、 價值觀傾向對於各別變數皆具有顯著正向影響作用,其中以「內在價值觀」傾向者所表現的認真休閒特質、心流體驗、心理幸福感等,均較「外在價值觀」傾向者還高,顯示價值觀傾向具有其影響作用。
3、 認真休閒特質對心流體驗及心理幸福感個別均具有正向影響作用存在,然而在階層回歸模式之中,由於受到心流體驗之中介作用所影響,因此對心理幸福感之影響作用均未達顯著。
4、 心流體驗在階層回歸模式中均扮演中介變項,另外對於心理幸福感各個因素中除「積極的人際關係」之外均有正向影響作用,由此可見對活動參與者而言心流體驗產生與否具有關鍵性的影響。
  本研究建議經營管理單位制定不同的服務以滿足露營者的差異,並提供一個有具有尊重、友好、使人親近以及對人們有益且具有安全感的環境,以促進露營活動參與者之心理幸福感為目標,並對後續研究提出相關建議。

The psychological well-being has been an important issue in past few decades, it represented an indicator if the personal life was positively and actively. In the leisure and recreation fields, there were many literatures showed that recreation participant could enhance people well-being. In order to explore the factors influencing individual psychological well-being, there are three predictor variables in this study including: values, serious-leisure and flow experience. The purpose of this study was to combine the aforementioned variables to understand the psychological characteristics of participants. The study subjects were campers, and research sites was the campground of Xitou Nature Education Area. The surveyed period was from June to October in 2013. A total of eight surveys, 233 valid questionnaires, were collected.
 The reliability analysis showed the scales had acceptable internal consistency. The study used exploratory factor analysis to reduce the data and find interpretable factors for further analysis, and used independent-samples t-test and one-way ANOVA to analyze the differences among concepts for the social-demographic variables. Multiple regressions and hierarchical multiple regressions were then used to find the predictive power of values, serious leisure and flow experience factors on psychological well-being. The results from the data analysis were showed as below:

1. There were significant differences of serious leisure, flow experience and psychological well-being among campers, but values were not.. Marital status was significantly different among aforementioned concepts, but gender was not.
2. Values had significant and positive effects on each conceptss; specifically, 'internal values' influenced serious-leisure, flow experience and psychological well-being more than 'external values' did.
3. Serious leisure has significant and positive effects on psychological well-being, but the effects were not found in hierarchy III multiple regression model. That is, when flow experience entered the model, the effects of serious leisure on psychological well-being disappeared.
4. Flow experience played an significant role in mediating both values and serious leisure on psychological well-being.
5. Based on the adjust △R2 in the hierarchical models, the results showed that values had most effects on psychological well-being, in particular, on the'positive relations with others'psychological well-being factor.

The findings have implications for management. Managers may tailor their services to meet the diverse backgrounds of their campers. Accordingly, we suggest that managers should provide a setting with a welcome, kind, warm, friendly, respected, sincere, decent, helpful and prompt service atmosphere so as to enhance the psychological well-being of their clienteles. Discussion and suggestions for future research of this line are also provided.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89312
其他識別: U0005-2811201416180398
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2014-08-31起公開。
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