Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89457
標題: Study on Administration and Maintenance System for Rural Rejuvenation Constructions Facilities
農再建設設施管理維護機制之探討
作者: 林芸暄
Yun-Shen Lin
關鍵字: 農再社區;農再建設設施;設施體檢;木作設施;rural rejuvenation communities;rural constructions facilities;facilities
引用: 1. 行政院農業委員會水土保持局(2010),農村再生條例。 2. 行政院農業委員會水土保持局(2011),「農村再生設施施工規範」。 3. 行政院農業委員會水土保持局(2011),「農村再生設施預算書編製原則及單價 4. 行政院農業委員會水土保持局(2012),農村再生發展區計畫作業手冊。 5. 行政院農業委員會水土保持局(2013),土石流潛勢溪流劃設作業手冊。 6. 行政院農業委員會水土保持局(2011),「農村社區常用植栽應用手冊」。 7. 莊翰華、 賴秋華(2011),農村再生條例的永續發展向度研究。 8. 王志輝、陳荔芬、許鴻婉、宋玉珍、林秀鳳(2008),「台灣農村再發展之研 究-以社區整體規劃方式營造農村新風貌」。 9. 周鶴樹(2010),「台灣農村地區的永續發展前景與評估」。 10. 陳鴻烈、周孟融、許振峰、蔡大偉(2011),「農村規劃的新思維-永續農村」。 11. 中華民國社區教育學會(1998),「社區營造與社區學習」《師大書苑》。 12. 行政院農業委員會水土保持局(2006),「農村周邊植被生態調查及應用」,中華 民國環境綠化協會。 13. 行政院農業委員會水土保持局(2011),「農村社區綠資源調查評估與保育之探 討」,中華民國環境綠化協會。 14. 行政院農業委員會水土保持局(2011),「農村社區範圍劃定及調查分類示範計 畫」。 15. 行政院農業委員會水土保持局臺中分局(2013),「102 年度臺中分局農村建設 設施體檢」,行政院農業委員會水土保持局臺中分局。 16. 行政院農業委員會水土保持局臺中分局(2014),「103 年度臺中分局農村再生公 共設施體檢」,社團法人台灣景觀環境學會。 17. 行政院環境保護署(1997),生活環境總能改造計畫。 18. 沈哲緯、林彥享、邵國士、高憲彰、冀樹勇、李怡先、陳建忠(2010),「運 用資料採礦與 3S 技術建立坡地區風險評估模式」,建築學報,第73 期增刊, 第 87-108 頁。 19. 林祥偉、陳紫娥(2010),「決策支援系統應用於山村聚落環境安全之研究」,中 國地理學會會刊,第 44 期,第17-30 頁。 20. 林朝陽(2014),「農村聚落安全性之評估-以台中市和平區原住民部落為例」 碩士論文,國立中興大學水土保持學系所。 21. 社區學校化(1996)「社區總體營造與終生學習的關聯與價值」《心理出版》。 22. 空間文化與社會發展研究室(1999)「社區總體營造與地方文化」。《教師人才回 流暨政策後續發展研討會會議手冊》。 23. 柯惇貿(1998),「社區居民對社區總體營造的認知與態度」,碩士論文,逢甲 大學建築及都市計劃研究所。 104 24. 徐森彥(2012),「土石流潛勢溪流土砂生產分析技術之研究」,博士論文,國立 中興大學水土保持學系所。 25. 徐森彥、許世孟、施俊成(2013),「大梨山地區坡地環境安全防護網建置」 第十七屆海峽兩岸水利科技交流研討會,苗栗。 26. 徐震(1995),「論社區意識與社區發展,社會建設」,第九十期,第4-12 頁。 27. 陳建甫(2001),「社區總體營造的回顧與展望」,《北投社雜誌》。 28. 黃煌雄等(2001),「社區總體營造總體檢調查報告書」《遠流出版社》。 29. 溫惠鈺、陳耐錦、趙啟宏、許世孟、徐森彥(2012),「土石流災害安全防護 30. 監察院(2001),「社區總體營造總體檢調查報告書」,《遠流出版事業股份有 限公司》。 30. 農村再生歷程網,http://ep.swcb.gov.tw/ep/Default.aspx 31. 土石流防災資訊網,http://246.swcb.gov.tw 32. 工程管考系統,http://mis.swcb.gov.tw 33. 培根管考系統,http://empower.swcb.gov.tw/Bacon/ 34. 行政院農業委員會水土保持局,http://www.swcb.gov.tw/
摘要: 
本研究蒐集民國 90 年至103 年,中苗地區88 個農再社區中,以往災害通報
較頻繁之農再建設設施,作為辦理體檢評估之對象;除了運用GIS 掌握農再建設
設施之分布情形之外,並進行現場之檢視與調查,後續並依其體檢成果資料,進
行損壞項目、原因及損壞情形之探討分析,藉以建立各類設施物後續管理維護之
機制,以有效提升設施物之使用年限。
根據調查結果,在 295 件農再建設設施中,經實地檢視設施物受損程度,其
中設施狀況良好,功能健全者,約有51%;而輕微或局部受損,功能尚可維持或
有減損者,約有41%;至於設施嚴重損毀,影響原功能者,僅約8%。再依受損程
度經評估後,無需修復者,約51%;需修復但無急迫性者,約32%;優先修復及
拆除者,約17%。
在受損設施物中,木作材料之受損率最高,約 64%;混凝土次之,約15%;
石材再次之,約10%;而金屬、塑膠及植栽,約8%;其他材料,約3%。本研究
中再針對各項材料損壞原因,進行分析與探討,且針對受損率最高之木作材料致
損原因深入之分析與探討,提出加強選材及防腐、異質結合或替代材料及定期維
護等改善策略,以提升木作設施之品質與耐久性,並提供後續農再建設設施之參
考。
目前農再建設設施修復評估仍以現況調查為主,並無一套量化的標準評估,
現場調查也較趨於主觀,本研究依據實地檢視調查之內容,並針對現場狀況提出
一套農再建設設施量化的標準,可作為後續農再建設設施修復急迫性的參考依
據。
根據現場調查時所判定之維護級數,在本研究調查之 295 件農再建設設施工
程為一級:一般維護管理為二級:社區僱工購料為三級維護,共計233 件占總件數之
79%,表示大部分社區之農再建設設施除透過農再建設設施通報聯絡網報請修復外,
本研究也建議讓社區定期辦理社區自主檢查,透過自主檢查之機制,檢視社區內
所有農再建設設施之使用現況及損壞情形。因此本研究擬定一套社區自主檢查表,
供社區民眾能夠有簡便自主調查的方法,以利未來進行是否進行農再建設設施之
管理維護。

In this research, it is focused on the collection of information between the period of 2001 and 2014, especially for the 88 rural rejuvenation communities in Taichung and Miaoli area. And the objects of investigation and estimation processes are those rural
constructions facilities frequently reported in disaster bulletins. Thereby not only GIS is applied so as to control the distribution of rural constructions facilities but also onsite inspection and survey are proceeded as well, entailing with explorative analyses for damaged items, causes of damage and damaged scenarios according to the findings from inspections so as to establish follow-up maintenance and management mechanism
for all facilities in order to effectively lengthen the service life of these structures.

According to the survey finding, within the 295 pieces of rural constructions facilities, and right after the onsite inspection is completed for the structure damage
level, therefore this research finds that there are approximately 51% rated as in good condition, 41% with minor or partial damages whereas the functionalities are
maintained or diminished somewhat. As for facilities severely damaged which would impact the functionalities are only 8%. In these, 51% are rated as no need for restoration after assessments made on the level of damage. And 32% require restoration nonetheless not urgent and only 17% are rated as prioritized restoration as well as dismantling.

Within the damaged facilities, wood facilities suffers the most which is about 64%, followed by concrete facilities at approximately 15%, and 10% is of stone facilities, about 8% in metal facilities, plastics facilities and vegetation facilities, the remaining is
of 3%. In this research, we target to the causes for all material damages and proceed to analyses and explorations as well. In addition, in-depth analyses and explorations are conducted and followed with proposals for enhancement strategies in aspects like strengthening the material selection and anti-corrosion, heterogeneous binding or
substitute material so as to raise the level of quality and durability for wood facilities in addition to serve as reference for subsequent rural constructions facilities.

Currently construction of agricultural facilities repair and then assess the status of the investigation is still based, there is no standard set of quantitative assessment, site surveys are more tend subjective, view the contents of this study based on field investigation and site conditions for the proposed construction of a farming again facilities quantitative standards, as subsequent re-construction of agricultural facilities
repair urgency of reference.

According to the survey the scene determined that the maintenance stages, in this survey of 295 agricultural research and then build facilities engineering level: general maintenance management for the two: Community purchase of materials for the three maintenance workers, a total of 233 of the total number of pieces 79%, indicating that most of the farming community re-building facilities in addition to the construction of facilities by farmers and then submitted to repair communications network of contacts, the present study also recommended for community regularly handle community voluntary inspection, through the mechanism of the independent inspection, and then view all agricultural community building facilities of the current situation and the
damage situation. Therefore, this study to develop a community of independent checklist for community people to have the method is simple and independent investigation is carried out in order to facilitate future re-farming construction and management of maintenance facilities.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89457
其他識別: U0005-2407201516032300
Rights: 不同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務
Appears in Collections:水土保持學系

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