Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89460
標題: Placement strategies of vegetated buffer strips in the Rural Community
農村社區緩衝綠帶配置策略之探討
作者: 陳明賢
Ming-Hsien Chen
關鍵字: 農村再生;農村社區;緩衝綠帶;Rural rejuvenation;Rural community;Vegetation buffer strips
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摘要: 
在全球暖化氣候變遷下,政府為推動節能減碳及低碳社區,紛紛鼓勵農村社區廣植林木,恢復綠環境,依據農村再生條例第十二條規定,主管機關得對提出再生計畫之社區,補助其水資源再利用、水土保持及防災、埤塘及生態保育、環境綠美化、景觀維護、公園、綠地等設施;另農村再生條例第十八條規定,各級主管機關應配合農村社區整體發展要,鼓勵於農村社區廣植林木,建設具生態及緩衝功能之綠帶。
本研究透過文獻回顧,依合適之理論基礎建置適合台灣農村社區之評估準則及指標,並研析現行農村再生相關法規及盤點各部門綠環境資源,探討相關法規命令及政策工具;另依全國碳儲量總體分布情形,做為篩選農村社區優先投入資源之標的,透過綠環境變遷分析,檢討農村社區綠覆、環境敏感區及水土資源保蓄較差之區位,並針對農村社區重要檢核點進行集水區水文、地文、窪蓄區位萃取及土砂流失之情形,做為農村社區緩衝綠帶配置區位之參考依據。
本研究以彰化縣大村鄉平和社區、苗栗縣頭屋鄉象山社區及苗栗縣頭份鎮流東社區等3處農村社區為案例樣區。碳存量估算以流東社區碳存能力較佳,平和社區之碳存量最低,主要是受涵蓋森林面積比例之影響。1995~2008年間,3個農村社區之總碳存量呈增加趨勢,其中以象山社區656.3 ton為最;綠劣指數分析以平和社區之0.75 為最大,流東社區之0.13最小。另針對3處農村聚落之建物、草本與木本植被進行空間離散度分析,其中象山、流東社區空間離散度(SDI)屬性呈高-高-高及高-高-中類型,顯示建物與植被之分布較為離散,意即建物與植被交錯混雜。
依農村社區緩衝綠帶配置效益探討,象山社區以緩衝帶配置後,泥砂產量可降為0.59噸、泥砂含氮量為0.46公斤以及泥砂含磷量為0.22公斤,改善率分別為45.37%、37.84%及40.54%,顯示植生緩衝帶配置有利於降低泥砂產量及泥砂總氮、總磷。另象山社區緩衝綠帶配置後,碳儲存量由每公頃93.2噸增加至116.3噸,增加17.1%;流東社區緩衝綠帶配置後,碳儲存量由每公頃108.9噸增加至128.7噸,增加18.1%,象山及流東社區配置後之碳存量皆已超過山坡地平均碳存量標準值115.6(ton/ha)。
農村再生係以農村社區為推動核心,社區綠環境之營造為重要課題,然在政府資源有限前提下,本研究期透過相關環境指標之篩選及分析,提出農村社區緩衝綠帶配置策略,期能有效作為推動農村再生綠環境營造政策之參考。

In order to promote the communities of energy saving and carbon reduction under the climate change of global warming, the governments are encouraged to plant trees within the area of rural community for the green environment restoration. According to article 12 of Rural Rejuvenation Act, the authorities should subsidize the facilities of reusing water resources, disaster prevention, farm ponds, ecological conservation, environmental greening, landscape maintenance, parks and green areas for those communities that have applied for the rural rejuvenation plans. In addition, according to the article 18 of Rural Rejuvenation Act, the authorities at all levels shall encourage, in accordance with the integrated development requirements of rural communities, to extensively plant trees within the areas of rural communities, and establish green belt with ecological and buffering functions.
This study establishes suitable criteria and indices to assess environment of the rural communities in Taiwan by literature review. Besides, the resources of each related authorities are integrated for the value-added application through the multidisciplinary and the useful information. The policy tools are also derived from exploring the green environment related regulations and/or orders which adopted in the public departments according to reviewing the related Rural Rejuvenation Act. The spatial distribution of carbon storage in entire Taiwan is used to select for subsidizing the priority communities based on green environment type. The hotspots of poor green coverage, environmentally sensitive areas and worse conservation areas are examined through the analysis of green environment changes. Analysis and evaluation of watershed hydrological and topographical factors, depression storage, and soil loss coupling with field survey data are used as the references for priority sites of vegetated buffer strips placement in the rural community.
Communities of Pinghe, Xiangshan, and Lioudong are selected location in this study. The carbon storage of Lioudong community is the best, and Pinghe community is the lowest due to the change of forest coverage. From 1995~2008, there is an increasing trend in the carbon storage for the three communities, Xiangshan community has the maximum value of 656.3 tons. The deterioration index is 0.75 and 0.13 in Pinghe and Lioudong respectively. The spatial dispersion index (SDI) of building, grass and woody is high-high-high in Xiangshan and high-high-medium in Lioudong. The result shows that the distribution of building and vegetation is scatter and interlaced.
According to the placement benefits of vegetated buffer strips in the rural community, the sediment yield, nitrogen and phosphorus could be reduced to 0.59tons, 0.46kg, 0.22kg and the improvement rate was 45.37%, 37.84% and 40.54% respectively in Xiangshan community after placing vegetated buffer strips. The result shows that placement of vegetated buffer strips could help to reduce the concentrations of sediment yield nitrogen, and phosphorus. Additionally, the carbon storage of Xiangshan community and Lioudong community increase 17.1% which is from 93.2 to 116.3 tons per hectare and 18.1% which is from 108.9 to 128.7 tons per hectare respectively; The value has reached more than the average carbon storage in the slope lands (115.6 ton/ha) after placing vegetated buffer strips.
The extension core and main issue of rural rejuvenation are to construct green environment in the rural community. Under the limitation of the governmental resources, the study uses environmental indices to extract the hotspots and provides the placement strategies of vegetated buffer strips. The results could be as the policy references for green environment construction while promoting rural rejuvenation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89460
其他識別: U0005-2701201420532100
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2017-01-28起公開。
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