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標題: 國產稻米收穫前至儲藏期間農藥殘留量的變化
Changes of Pesticides Residues between Preharvest to Storge Period of Domestic Rice
作者: Jia-Sheng Zhang
關鍵字: rice (Oryza sativa L.);pesticides residue;maximum residue limit;unhulled rice;hulled rice;水稻 (Oryza sativa L.);農藥殘留量;安全容許量;濕穀;糙米
引用: 周泳成、林駿奇、黃?昌。2010。水稻主要病害之發生與防治。植物保護通報第二十四期: 4-15。 翁愫慎。1985。農藥殘留於食用作物中之消失。農藥毒性研討會論文專集 : 165-178。 費雯綺、王喻其。2007。植物保護手冊。農委會農業藥物毒物試驗所。9pp.。 楊秀珠。2012。農藥之合理與安全施用技術。合理、安全及有效使用農藥輔導教材: 1-36。 鄭清煥。2003。植物保護圖鑑。農委會動植物防疫檢疫局。56pp.。 羅朝村、黃秀華。2009。木黴菌、病原菌與作物的三角關係。科學發展443: 34-41。 行政院農業委員會動植物防疫檢疫局。2005。農藥資訊服務網。。 行政院農業委員。2005,台灣農家要覽增修訂版三版農作篇(三)。豐年社。533pp.。 行政院農業委員。2014。102年農業統計年報 食品安全之健康風險評估資料庫。 衛生署。2013。食品中殘留農藥檢驗方法─多重殘留分析法(四)。行政院衛生署102.9.6授食字第 1021950329號公告修正。 Brugger, K.E. and R.M. Kannuck. 1997. Tier 1 Environmental Risk Assessment of DPX- MP062 and Competitive Insecticides in the USA. Dupont Agricultural Products Document: 4635-4697. Kishorekumar, A., C. Abdul Jaleel, P. Manivannan, B. Sankar, R. Sridharan, P.V. Murali and R. Panneerselvam. 2007. Comparative effects of different triazole compounds on antioxidant metabolism of Solenostemon rotundifolius. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 62: 307-311. Kodama, O., K. Yamashita and T. Akatsuka. 1980. Edifenphos, inhibitor of phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis in Pyricularia oryzae. Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 44: 1015-1021. Maienfisch, P., M. Angst, F. Brandl, W. Fischer, D. Hofer, H. Kayser, W. Kobel, A. Rindlisbacher, R. Senn, A. Steinemann and H. Widmer. 2001. Chemistry and biology of thiamethoxam:a second generation neonicotinoid. Pest Manag. Sci. 57: 906-913. Nauen, R., U. Ebbinghaus-Kintscher, V. L. Salgado and M. Kaussmannb. 2003. Thiamethoxam is a neonicotinoid precursor converted to clothianidin in insects and plants. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 76: 55-69. Fossen, M. 2006. Environmental fate of imidacloprid. California Department of Pesticide Regulation. midclprdfate2. pdf Risher, J. F. and H. A. Navarro. 1997. Toxicological profile for chlorpyrifos. ATSDR Sancho, E., M. D. Ferrando, C. Fern?ndez and E. Andreu. 1998. Liver energy metabolism of Anguilla anguilla after exposure to fenitrothion. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 41: 168-175. Stephens, R., A. Spurgeon, I. A. Calvert, J. Beach, L.S. Levy, J.M. Harrington and H. Berry. 1995. Neuropsychological effects of long-term exposure to organophosphates in sheep dip. The Lancet 345: 1135-1139. Yang, E. C., Y. C. Chuang, Y. L. Chen and L. H. Chang. 2008. Abnormal foraging behavior induced by sublethal dosage of imidacloprid in the honey bee (hymenoptera: apidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 101: 1743-1748.
隨著時代的進步,食安問題已然成為社會上關注的重大議題之一,稻米又為臺灣之主要糧食,因此食用稻米是否有健康疑慮固然不可忽視。本論文主要與北部桃園縣、中部南投縣、南部嘉義縣各兩名農戶配合及中興大學試驗農場共七個地區之水稻田分別逢機採樣,一般以慣行農法栽培時,會在水稻 (Oryza sativa L.) 穀粒乳熟期至糊熟期時,做最後一次的藥劑噴施,於藥劑噴施後至收穫前依生長狀況而定進行2-4週之水稻稻穀採樣,收穫、烘乾、倉儲後也依序取稻穀送檢,並同時送檢同上述時間點之脫殼後稻穀,即為糙米 (hulled rice)。檢驗單位為行政院農委會農業藥物毒物試驗所,其採用行政院衛生署公告之「食品中殘?農藥檢驗方法-多重殘?分析方法(四)」檢驗。溼穀檢驗結果大致上可用線性函數 (linear function)、指數衰減函數 (exponential decay function)、4-PL (four parameter logistic curver) 做為藥劑殘留量衰減的曲線配適 (curve fitting),檢出的藥劑中,驗出政府禁用藥劑達馬松 (methamidophos) 及加保扶 (carbofuran),至於藥劑殘留量部分,尚有部分地區之零星藥劑於稻穀脫殼後仍超出臺灣訂定之安全容許量,未來可對這些藥劑多加留意。

With the progress of time, the issue of food safety has become one of the major issues of social concern. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is a major crop in Taiwan. In this study, we had randomly sampled from farm field areas in Taoyuan County, Nantou County, Chiayi County and Chung Hsing University experimental farm. If we cultivate rice on conventional methods, rice grain just right milk stage to dough stage, will spraying agent the last time. We may be carried out grains during 2-4 week after spraying the pharmacy to pre-harvest in accordance with the growth status of rice.Grain had also been taken when harvesting, drying, storing.And then the grain were be submitted while the same point of time above. After husking rice, namely hulled rice, also were be submitted. The sample were be submitted to Taiwan Agricultural Chemicals and Toxic Substances Research Institute, which uses the Food and Drug Adminstration announced 'Pesticide residues in food inspection method - multi-residual analysis method (4)'. The pharmaceutical residues results generally available as linear function, exponential decay function, 4-PL (four parameter logistic curver) in attenuation curve fitting.The agents found to methamidophos and carbofuran which are government announced disable pesticide.As for pharmaceutical residues in part, there are some pharmacy after rice husking still exceeded safety tolerances.
其他識別: U0005-2811201416184641
Rights: 不同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務
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