Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89541
標題: 紫錐菊不同花梗色集團外表型輪迴選拔之效果比較
A comparative study for peduncle phenotypic recurrent selection in Echinacea purpurea population
作者: Po-Yu Tsao
曹伯瑀
關鍵字: Echinacea;phenotypic recurrent selection;Stem color;紫錐菊;外表型輪迴選拔;花梗色
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摘要: 
紫錐菊 ( Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench ) 原產於北美中西部大草原的傳統藥用植物,由於紫錐菊具有增強及刺激人體免疫系統,對發燒、感冒、上呼吸道感染具療效,目前為全球普及、需求快速發展的新興保健作物。由於需求量激增,野生採集已不符合市場需求,需透過人為栽培提供穩定品質的藥材作為產品加工之用。引種後需要針對農藝性狀進行選拔,達到高產、高品質的目的,但因紫錐菊為異交作物,且具有高度異質性且具有自交不親和性,可透過混合選拔改善其品質。本研究室已建立紫錐菊三個不同花梗顏色集團,分別為紅梗(B)集團、斑點(B)集團及綠梗集團(G),並於2012年、2013年建立另兩個世代,本研究主要為評估紫錐菊四個世代之外表型輪迴選拔效果。試驗結果顯示,葉片總酚類化合物含量及植株性狀在選拔集團間及不同世代間具有顯著差異,所調查之特性分布接呈左偏歪。綠梗及斑點集團的株高與花朵數較紅梗高。不同世代之比較,以花梗色作為篩選在綠梗及紅梗集團是有效的指標,但在斑點集團無效,另外葉片總酚類化合物、株高及花朵數在不同世代的篩選過程中並沒有實質提升的效果,表示紫錐菊利用外表型輪迴選種的方法未來需再檢討改進其效率。

Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench, is a traditional North American perennial medicinal herb that has gained popularity in recent years through claims that it beneficially stimulates the human immune system. The increasing popularity of E. purpurea products has led to the expansion of wild crafting and commercial cultivation to meet the growing demand for plant material. Introduction of a species into cultivation requires screening plant materials suitable for local environment and an understanding of agronomic characteristics that load to high quality and yields. E. purpurea is an outcrossing crop with a high degree of heterogeneity and self-incompatibility. Recurrent selection is a straight ford selection model that can be applicable for the improvement of E. purpurea. Previous study has established three selected lines, including red (R), Blot (B) and green(G) stem population. In order to evaluate the selection efficiency, two addition cycles of phenotypic recurrent selection were conducted during 2012 to 2013, and 4 cycles offspring populations were compared in this study. The results indicated that both plant characters and total phenolics of leaf varied considerably among the selected population and generations. The distribution of all investigated parameters showed a pronounced tendency tail to the right. The plant height and flower head of blot stem and green stem population were higher than red stem population. Stem color selection is an effective index in green and red population but not in blot population after 4 cycle of mass selection. While the total phenolics of leaf , plant height and number of flowers per plant had no significant increase among different generations. Efficiency on phenotypic recurrent selection of E. purpurea need to be improved in future.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/89541
其他識別: U0005-2811201416191422
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2016-08-31起公開。
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