Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/90019
標題: Study on Automatic Feeding and Capping Devices for the Corn Silage Packing Barrel
青貯玉米包裝桶進料與自動封蓋裝置之研究
作者: Ta-Chun Shen
沈大鈞
關鍵字: 青貯玉米;有限元素法;擺動機構;corn silage;finite element analysis;the mechanism of swinging motion
引用: 1. 小栗富士雄、小栗達男。1993。標準機械設計圖表便覽 改新增補2版 - 8.彈簧。張兆豐主編。六版,21-22。台北:臺隆書店。 2. 田榮璋。2002。機械工程手冊3 金屬材料 - 第6篇 非鐵金屬材料。方向威主編。初版,11-33。台北:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。 3. 伊保內贒。1993。實用塑膠學。洪榮哲編譯。初版,150-152。台北:全華科技圖書股份有限公司。 4. 伊藤公正。1999。塑膠材料手冊。廖明隆譯。再版,p.195。台北:台灣文源書局有限公司。 5. 沈頌文編譯。1978。輸送機計算法。初版,349-359。台北:啓學出版社。 6. 林滿盈。2010。塑膠成型品設計與模具製作 - 第6章 塑膠製品零組件之結合方法。初版,2-17。台北:全華圖書股份有限公司。 7. 狩野武。1978。粉粒體輸送裝置。賴耿陽譯著。初版,293-298。台南:復漢出版社。 8. 張昆明、邱時煌、邱文英、呂維明。1985。百塑烯聚烯烴-加工指南。初版,17-63。台北:高立圖書有限公司。 9. 張志純。1997。塑膠製品設計手冊。初版,1-37。台北:財團法人徐氏基金會。 10. 連雅雯。2004。方便開啟的門鎖。中華民國發明專利第200526857號。 11. 張子成、邢繼綱。2008。塑膠產品設計。三版,第1、2章。台北:全華圖書股份有限公司。 12. 彭錦樵編譯。1985。農產加工工程。國立編譯館主編。初版,211-249。台北:大中國圖書公司。 13. 盧福明。1986。農產品加工工程學。國立編譯館主編。初版,111-116。台北:茂昌圖書有限公司。 14. 鄭嘉緯。2011。桶式青貯玉米卸貨機構之研究。碩士論文。台中:國立中興大學生物產業機電工程所。 15. 謝易達。2010。移動式青貯玉米自動包裝系統之研究。碩士論文。台中:國立中興大學生物產業機電工程所。 16. Holmes, B. J. and R. E. Muck. 2008. Packing Bunker and Pile Silos to Minimize Porosity. Focus on Forage – Vol 10: No. 1. 17. Krishnamachari SI. 2002. Recommended factors of safety and related considerations. SPE Annual Technical Conf., ANTEC 2002: 105-109. 18. Marcarenhas, W. N., C. H. Ahrens, and A. Ogliari. 2004. Design criteria and safety factors for plastic components design. Materials and design 25(3): 257-261. 19. Ruppel, K.A. 1992. Effect of bunker silo management on hay crop nutrient management. M.S. Thesis. Ithaca, NY.: Cornell University.
摘要: 
牧草是牛羊等動物的主要糧食,而台灣的牧草多數仰賴進口,因此曾經有人提出以玉米來製作青貯料作為牧草的替代品。而現今所使用的青貯玉米太空包品質穩定且能長期保存,但青貯玉米太空包包裝機位於廠房,只能定點作業,因此收割後的青割玉米無法及時包裝儲存,並且其包裝作業耗費額外人力。因此,為了改善這些缺點,後來中興大學設計一可移動的臥式青貯玉米自動包裝系統,然而此自動包裝系統尚未有合適的包裝容器及進料系統。因此本研究的目標在於設計一能夠自動封蓋的青貯玉米包裝桶,並規劃一出料口具有擺動動作之進料系統。

本研究完成青貯玉米包裝桶及擺動式進料系統之設計與規劃,青貯玉米包裝桶之容量約28.55公升,在裝入20公斤之青割玉米後,青貯密度為0.70 g/cm^3,並且在桶蓋上設計有自動封蓋裝置,其為方便開合的滑栓機構,並且在此包裝密度下,本研究利用有限元素法與電腦輔助分析軟體(ANSYS)進行分析,其結果顯示青貯玉米包裝桶及其相關組件之安全係數皆在1.5以上。同時,自動封蓋裝置經過青貯玉米圓桶包裝雛型機之測試後,大大的增加運用此封蓋裝置的可能性。最後,本研究亦完成擺動式進料系統之規劃,以齒輪擺動樑機構結合擺動頭達到出料口之擺動動作,並可以直接利用輸送機動力來進行擺動。

Herbage is the main food for the animals such as cattle and goat, and most herbage relies on imports for pasture in Taiwan. Hence there has been proposed to produce corn silage as forage alternatives. The quality of bag corn silage is stable and long-term preservable. But the bag corn silage is packed in factory, so the corn can't be packed immediately after harvested. And its packaging operation requires extra labor cost. Therefore, in order to improve those defects, National Chung Hsing University designed an automatic mobile packing system. However, the system has no suitable packaging container and feeding system, so the objectives of this study are to design a corn silage barrel with automatic capping devices, and to design a feeding system associated with a swinging motion.

The design of corn silage barrel and feeding system are completed in this study, the capacity of barrel is about 28.55 liters. After packing corns of 20 kg, the silage density is about 0.70 g/cm^3. The design of lid facilitates an easy opening and capping mechanism using the sliding latch. Then, this study applies the finite element method using commercially available analysis software, ANSYS, to analyze the barrel, and the results show that the safety factor of barrel and related parts are all above 1.5. In addition, the automatic capping devices have been tested by a prototype of corn silage packing machine. Testing results greatly increase the possibility of using the lid. This study completes the design of a feeding system as well. The feeding system implements a discharge port using swinging movement associated with a swing rod connected with gear mechanism. The swinging mechanism is able to use the conveyor's power directly.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/90019
其他識別: U0005-0402201418260100
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2014-02-07起公開。
Appears in Collections:生物產業機電工程學系

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