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|標題:||Analyses of brown rice oil body proteins and Aquilaria sinensis seed composition
|關鍵字:||糊粉層;油體鈣蛋白;胚芽;油體膜蛋白;稻米種子油體;沉香屬;蛋白體;油體;含油種子;油酸;Aleurone layer;Caleosin;Embryo;Oleosin;Rice seed oil bodies;Aquilaria;Protein body;Oil body;Oily seed;Oleic acid||引用:|| E. M. Herman, B.A. Larkins, Protein storage bodies and vacuoles, The Plant Cell, 11 (1999) 601-613.  S.S.K. Tai, L.S.H. Wu, E.C.F. Chen, J. T. C.Tzen, Molecular cloning of 11S globulin and 2S albumin, the two major seed storage proteins in sesame, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 47 (1999) 4932-4938.  M. Adachi, Kanamori J, Masuda T, Yagasaki K, Kitamura K, Mikami B, Utsumi S. Crystal structure of soybean 11S globulin: glycinin A3B4 homohexamer, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences U S A. 12 (2003) 7395-7400.  G.I. Frandsen, J. Mundy, J.T.C. Tzen, Oil bodies and their associated proteins, oleosin and caleosin, Plant Physiology, 112 (2001) 301–307.  J.C. Chen, C.C. Tsai, J.T.C. 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Tai, T.T.T. Lee, C.C. Peng, The abundant proteins in sesame seed: storage proteins in protein bodies and oleosins in oil bodies, Advanced plant physiology, 6 (2003) 93-105.||摘要:||
The seeds are used to distribute new plants to areas away from the parent plant, also are the dominant source of human calories and protein, including our common food of rice, corn and wheat. Most of cooking oil consists of edible vegetable oils derived from soybean, sesame, peanuts and sunflower seeds. If we more understand the composition of these seeds, help us to be more scientific intake of nutrients required. So, I want to indicate the distribution of rice oil body protein and the composition of Aquilaria seed.I find the oleosin in the embryo and those in the aleurone layer were identical proteins encoded by the same genes (BAF12898.1 and BAF15387.1 for oleosin-H and oleosin-L, respectively). In contrast, one caleosin was found in oil bodies isolated from the embryo but not those isolated from the aleurone layer. Similar to other known monocot caleosins, the rice caleosin possesses an N-terminal appendix that is absent in dicotyledonous caleosins. Proximate composition of fresh Aquilaria seeds was analyzed as 44.4% moisture, 24.9% crude lipid, 16.7% carbohydrate, 10.3% crude fiber, 2.4% crude protein, and 1.3% ash. Two major subcellular organelles, abundant oil bodies and large protein bodies, were observed in electron microscopy. Protein bodies are possibly composed of soluble 2S albumin and insoluble 11S globulin storage proteins. Oil bodies presumably encapsulate abundant storage lipids with oleosin and caleosin. The storage lipids in oil bodies were mainly neutral lipids (>90% triacylglycerols and ~5% diacylglycerols). Fatty acids released from these neutral lipids were highly unsaturated with approximately 80% of oleic acid. The results of this thesis indicated embryo rice nutritious than refined rice and Aquilaria seed is a new source of vegetable food oil.
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