Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/90116
標題: Effects of Palygorskite on the Growth of Vegetable in Different Soil Great Groups and Insect Prevention
坡縷石對蔬菜在不同土類土壤上之生長及防蟲的影響
作者: Yu-Chiao Lin
林毓喬
關鍵字: Playgorskite;Pieris rapae;pest control;Pai-tsai;坡縷石;紋白蝶;害蟲控制;小白菜
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摘要: 
In agricultural production, insect pest causes serious problem of reducing the yields is always a primary concern in farming. Especially, it required alternative material which could last longer and harmless while preventing plants from insect pest in organic farming which is forbidden to use pesticide. Minerals are natural material and harmless to human in most of the time. It can be modified to make better profit and efficiency for organic agriculture purpose.
The objective of our studies was to explore the effect of pest control and increase the crop growth with the use of grinded palygorskite add with interface agent and other palygorskite agent on safe agriculture. After three times and three days apart per use, we studied crop growing and pest control of vegetable and soil properties of three representative soil groups using treatment of grinded palygorskite with interface agent and palygorskite agent. The results indicated the relationship between vegetable productions and pest, and that was provided by larger Pai-tsai production of Tali Series after spraying grinded palygorskite while Wutso series' second and Shiu shui's least. The egg spawning preference of Pieris rapae showed high relationship between the yields and the degree of open space adjacent. Another treatments, sprayed with natural palygorskite, shared alike and had less larvae with its predators appeared while the mineral treatments had better performance. It is also found that larvae was dead by non-predators cause. The result of pupation of Pieris rapae test showed higher failure of pupating and emerging into butterflies by spraying with mineral treatments. This mineral treatments showed the ability reducing the behavior of Pieris rapae larvae and appealing more egg spawned. That might be caused by palygorskite by forming Pickering emulsion inhibiting Pieris rapae larvae's ability of degradation on Pai-tsai's natural defense of glucosinolate-myrosinase system. Palygorskite could adsorb Pai-tsai's secondary metabolites and induced Pieris rapae to spawn egg.
This mineral agent shows the potential of preventing insect from feeding, and that can be combined with other natural plants protective material due to its ingestion toxicity. In future, it can gain higher yield in organic agricultures due to reducing insect pest.

在農業耕作中,來自蟲害造成的產量減產一直都是農業生產的關注問題之一,而不能施用農藥的有機耕作更為需要長效與安全的資材於抗蟲。天然礦物性質安定且對人體不會產生毒害,可以進行製劑的開發供有機農業作為天然植物保護資材使用,增加產業利潤與效能。
論文研究試驗採用來自礦區開採的坡縷石進行加工,將此礦物製劑在進行加工與添加聚羥基分散劑與醋酸銨兩組,施用在生長於三種不同台灣西部具代表性的耕地土系的小白菜,經過三次噴灑、每次間隔三日後,觀察對於紋白蝶為主的農害物的危害影響,探討礦物製劑對於小白菜在防治蟲害的能力之影響。
結果顯示經過磨細與添加羥基分散劑的坡縷石礦物製劑所施用的的三種土系中,生長於大里系的小白菜具有最大的產量,吳厝系次之,秀水系最低,而在紋白蝶母蟲在小白菜產量大且鄰近開放空間的試驗區有較多產卵量。而市售且添加醋酸銨的坡縷石礦物製劑具有相似的結果,但因季節為非紋白蝶活躍時期且天敵與競爭者的出現,與礦物製劑同時作用下,吸引產卵的效果較為顯著,鄰近的試驗區產卵量因而降低,且施用礦物製劑的試驗區出現非天敵掠食而死亡之現象。結蛹試驗中,三種土系處理組的平均成蛹量,都較對照組低,且之後成功羽化成蝶的數量也是處理組較低,推論此礦物製劑的施用可於紋白蝶幼蟲進食時,進入幼蟲的腸道,形成皮克靈乳液包覆來自植物天然防禦機制的毒害物,干擾幼蟲對於小白菜的天然防禦機制glucosinolate-myrosinase系統的毒性降解能力,使得毒性累積,造成在生長期間出現死亡黑化,而存活至至成蛹與羽化的過程也出現失敗而死亡,整體數據上顯示,不論土系之差異為何,生存量都比同土系的對照組有較低的蛹化數與羽化數。而礦物製劑本身具有吸附與形成皮克靈乳液的能力,造成具有吸引與刺激紋白蝶母蟲產卵的次級代謝物能夠依附在小白菜葉表上較長的時間,使得礦物製劑的噴灑具有間接吸引紋白蝶母蟲產卵之特性。
本礦物製劑的開發具有成為在有機耕作中,防制植食性昆蟲對於作物的危害的天然植物保護資材的潛力,因為其攝入性毒害的特性,應能與其他動物性與植物性保護資材並用,達到更好的防禦作用。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/90116
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2018-08-13起公開。
Appears in Collections:土壤環境科學系

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