Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/90379
標題: 七股沿海地區土地利用與人為活動之碳收支評估
Carbon dioxide emissions of land use and human activities in coastal area of Chiku
作者: Szu-chia Kao
高偲嘉
關鍵字: coastal wetlands;Carbon budget;low-carbon tourism;沿海溼地;碳收支;低碳旅遊
引用: 1. Becken, S., 2001. Vergleich der Energieintensitat zweier verschiedener Reisestile.Tonrismus Join-nal 2, 227-46. 2. Becken, S. and Simmons, D., 2002. Understanding energy consumption patterns of tourist attractions and activities in New Zealand. 3. Gossling S. (2002). Global environmental consequences of tourism. Global Environmental Change, 12(4), 283-302. 4. Gossling S., Peeters P., Ceron J.P., Dubois G., Patterson T., Richardson R.B. , 2005, The eco-efficiency of tourism, Ecological Economics 54(4) 417-434. 5. Grace, J., 2001. Carbon Cycle. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity 1,609-629. 6. Lin, T.P., 2010, Carbon dioxide emissions from transport in Taiwan's national parks, Tourism Management 31(2) 285-290. 7. Mitra, S., Wassmann, R., Vlek, P.L.G., 2005. An appraisal of global wetland area and its organic carbon stock. Current Science 88:25-35 8. Tsai KT, Lin TP, Hwang RL, Huang YJ (2014) Carbon dioxide emissions generated by energy consumption of hotels and homestay facilities in Taiwan. Tourism Management 42:13-21 9. 林憲德,2010,都市熱島與生態社區評估手冊,手冊:71,內政部建築研究所 10. 林子平,王文瑛,邱怡婷,郭勇志,2011,台灣國內旅遊碳排放與生態足跡之調查與分析,第十三屆休閒_遊憩_觀光學術研討會,中華民國戶外遊憩學會 11. 林子平、黃育菁,2010,各類旅館及民宿二氧化碳排放量之研究,第二十二屆第二次建築研究成果發表會,中華民國建築學會 12. 陳介慧,2009,建築用電密度標準之研究,國立成功大學建築學系碩士論文 13. 黃育菁,2011,台灣各類旅館及民宿二氧化碳排放量之研究,國立虎尾科技大學休閒遊憩系碩士論文 14. 陳怡,黃凱琳,2011,觀光遊憩之活動項目二氧化碳排放量調查與分析,國立虎尾科技大學休閒遊憩系碩士專題論文 15. 邱怡婷,2012,來台旅客碳排放量與生態足跡之研究,國立虎尾科技大學休閒遊憩系碩士論文 16. 莊欣若,2013,大學生國內旅遊之碳排放量化評估與探討,國立中興大學,行政院國科會大專學生研究計畫報告 17. 林幸助,2014,沿海濕地碳匯的保育與管理-以七股海岸地區為例,國科會期中報告 18. 陳世賢,2009,遊客個人碳足跡與低碳旅遊行為意向之研究-以坪林鄉為例,逢甲大學景觀與遊憩學位學程碩士論文 19. 林子平,2011,低碳旅遊,環保署綠色生活網(Ecolife)酷樂電子報,第7期,行政院環境保護署 20. 陳品潔,2010,小溼地vs.碳炸彈 看全球暖化下溼地如何儲碳?,節能低碳電子報第,201001-2期,科學工業園區管理局 21. 郭香吟,2000,都市防災公園空間建構之實踐與省思,,公園綠地季刊,第3期,公園綠地協會 22. 黃啟峰,2007,二氧化碳與地球暖化,第413期,科學發展 23. ISO14064,2006,溫室氣體管理標準 24. 台南市七股區公所,2012,101年度養殖放量彙整表 25. 交通部,2010,自用小客車使用狀況調查 26. 交通部公路總局第五區養護工程處,2012,100年度公路平均每日交通量調查統計表 27. 交通部觀光局,2012,101年國內主要觀光遊憩據點遊客人數統計 28. 交通部觀光局,2012,101年民宿營運報告表 29. 經濟部能源局,2012,我國燃料燃燒二氧化碳排放統計與分析 30. 內政部營建署,2012,綠建築評估手冊 31. 內政部營建署城鄉發展分署,2011,國家重要濕地碳匯功能調查計畫 32. 內政部營建署台江國家公園,2011,台江國家公園整體遊憩資源調查及規畫案計畫書 33. 行政院國家科學委員會,2011,臺灣氣候變遷科學報告2011 34. 行政院國家永續發展委員會,2012,2011永續發展指標系統評量結果 35. 內政部國土測繪中心:http://www.nlsc.gov.tw/websites/i_ext/default.aspx 36. 聯合國氣候變化綱要公約網站:http://unfccc.int/2860.php
摘要: 
The dramatic increase of carbon dioxide in the air, caused mainly by anthropogenic processes, leads/led the global carbon cycle to imbalance and results/resulted in climate change. Currently, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has pointed out that the Parties should enroll in the domestic CO2 reduction and adaptation. Coastal wetland systems are included in the most efficient natural carbon sinks on Earth, and they are protected and controlled under the RAMSAR Convention on Wetlands.
However, human activities and land use will affect the carbon budget in a wetland area. In addition, more and more tourists may visit the wetlands and lead to direct CO2 emissions, affecting the carbon balance of the natural wetlands. From the discussion above, we can know that large numbers of human activities will result in wetland carbon imbalances.
Therefore, this study focuses on Chiku wetlands in the west coast of Taiwan on an international level. The aims are to establish a CO2 emission assessment model, and to explore the measures of CO2 reduction and adaptation for tourist activities around the wetlands. Firstly, this research explored the carbon dioxide mission of land for building, traffic and industry in land use viewpoint by literature review and field survey. Secondly, a questionnaire survey was conducted with tourists focusing on transport, accommodation and activities.
The results show that the land for building emit 154,508 t of CO2 emissions annually; while the land for road and industrial emit 3,572 t and 27,155 t of CO2, respectively. Based on the above data, the CO2 emissions of Chiku land use should not be underestimated. In addition, according to the questionnaire survey, we should calculate with CO2 emission ca. 16.02 kg-CO2 /visit. This means annually 12,496 t CO2 emission for the tourism, based on the 780,000 tourists visiting the Chiku area on a yearly basis.
The results of this study show the impacts of land use and human activities on the wetland system quantitatively and are helpful for wetland conservation and low-carbon tourism toward sustainable development.

近年來由於人為劇烈活動,二氧化碳劇烈增加導致全球碳循環失衡。目前聯合國氣候變化綱要公約(UNFCCC)已指出各締約國有義務進行國內的減量與適應活動。沿海濕地是地球上效率最高的碳匯系統,且受到如拉姆薩國際重要溼地公約的保護。
但其周邊人為活動與土地利用型態卻會影響區域碳收支。加上近年休閒遊憩風氣盛行,溼地成為熱門旅遊景點,卻也帶來最直接的環境衝突。由此可知,大量人為活動將會嚴重造成溼地碳收支失衡。
本研究將以台灣西部沿海七股國際級溼地作為研究對象,研究目的為建立一個合理且完整的碳評估模式,並探討溼地周邊人為活動之碳排放的原因及對策。本研究首先透過土地利用觀點,並以文獻回顧及實地勘察做為調查方式,針對區域內建築用地、交通用地及產業用地探討每年產生之碳排放量;接著,透過觀光客使用者觀點,並以發放問卷做為調查方式,針對觀光客遊程之運輸、住宿及活動等,三個面向逐一討論。
研究結果顯示,在土地利觀點用部分,建築用地每年有154,508 t-CO2排放量,交通用地每年有3,571 t-CO2排放量,產業用地每年有27,155 t-CO2排放量。觀光使用者觀點部分,經問卷計算每人在運輸、住宿及活動合計約有16.02 kg-CO2/visit,若以每年平均有78萬觀光人次來計算,總計七股區約有12,496 t-CO2排放量。
本研究成果將可定量驗證土地利用與人為活動對與溼地系統之影響,最終將提出對於七股溼地整體區域的生態效益及改善對策。具體成果將對於濕地保育與低碳旅遊兼顧下的永續發展有所助益。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/90379
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2017-12-16起公開。
Appears in Collections:景觀與遊憩學士學位學程

Files in This Item:
File SizeFormat Existing users please Login
nchu-103-7101030702-1.pdf2.56 MBAdobe PDFThis file is only available in the university internal network    Request a copy
Show full item record
 
TAIR Related Article

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.