Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/90389
標題: 景觀植栽遮蔽性與舒適度之研究
The study of plants for landscaping base on shading levels and thermal comfort
作者: Ya-Tzu Chen
陳雅姿
關鍵字: Crown diameter;Sky View Factor;Thermal indices;Thermal comfort;Landscape planting;樹冠幅;天空可視率;熱指標;熱舒適;景觀植栽
引用: 一、圖書 1. 呂福原、蔡崑堭、莊純合、張義雄,(1990年),《臺灣商用木材圖鑑》,行政院農業委員會。 2. 劉業經、呂福原、歐辰雄,(1994年3月),《臺灣樹木誌(增訂版) 》,國立中興大學農學院出版。 二、英文文獻 1. Dimoudi, A., & Nikolopoulou, M. (2003). Vegetation in the urban environment: Microclimatic analysis and benefits. Energy and Buildings, 35(1), 69–76. 2. Eliasson, I., Knez, I., Westerberg, U., Thorsson, S., & Lindberg, F. (2007). Climate and behaviour in a Nordic city. Landscape and Urban Planning, 82(1–2), 72–84. 3. Hwang, R. L., Lin, T. P., & Matzarakis, A. (2011). Seasonal effects of urban street shading on long-term outdoor thermal comfort. Building and Environment, 46(4), 863–870. 4. Emmanuel, R., & Johansson, E. (2006). Influence of urban morphology and sea breeze on hot humid microclimate: The case of Colombo, Sri Lanka. Climate Research, 30(3), 189–200. 5. Lin, T. P., Matzarakis, A., & Hwang, R. L. (2010). Shading effect on long-term outdoor thermal comfort. Building and Environment, 45(1), 213–221. 6. Bottyan, Z., & Unger, J. (2003). A multiple linear statistical model for estimating the mean maximum urban heat island. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 75(3–4), 233–243. 7. Nakano, J., & Tanabe, S. (2004). Thermal comfort and adaptation in semi-outdoor environments. ASHRAE Transactions, 110(2), 543–553. 8. Ahmed, K. S. (2003). Comfort in urban spaces: Defining the boundaries of outdoor thermal comfort for the tropical urban environments. Energy and Buildings, 35(1), 103–110. 9. Hwang, R. L., & Lin, T. P. (2007). Thermal comfort requirements for occupants of semioutdoor and outdoor environments in hot-humid regions. Architectural Science Review, 50(4), 60–67. 10. Lin, T. P., & Matzarakis, A. (2008). Tourism climate and thermal comfort in Sun Moon Lake, Taiwan. International Journal of Biometeorology, 52(4), 281–290. 11. Lin, T. P., & Matzarakis, A. (2011). Estimation of outdoor mean radiant temperature by filed experiment and modelling for human-biometeorology use. In 11th annual meeting of the European meteorological society Berlin, Germany, (p. 89). 12. Lin, T. P. (2009). Thermal perception, adaptation and attendance in a public square in hot and humid regions. Building and Environment, 44(10), 2017–2026. 13. Lin, T. P., Tsai, K. T., Hwang,R. L., Matzarakisc, A., (2012). Quantification of the effect of thermal indices and sky view factor on park attendance. Landscape and Urban Planning, 107, 137– 146 14. Matzarakis, A., Rutz, F., & Mayer, H. (2007). Modelling radiation fluxes in simple and complex environments – Application of the RayMan model. International Journal of Biometeorology, 51, 323–334. 15. Matzarakis, A., Rutz, F., & Mayer, H. (2010). Modelling radiation fluxes in simple and complex environments: Basics of the RayMan model. International Journal of Biometeorology, 54(2), 131–139.
摘要: 
This study discusses the inference of thermal comfort in different shaded areas. The shading level in outdoor contain buildings, trees, and facilities. The indices for discussion are sky view factor (SVF), thermal indices (Ta/Tmrt/PET) and landscape planting characteristics (tree height/ diameter of breast height/crown diameter) which are compared to each other. The result shows that landscape planting crown diameter, sky view factor and thermal indices have highly relationship, which highly relationship between crown diameter and SVF (R?=0.83), and also show between thermal comfort index PET and crown diameter(R2=0.71), with thermal indices variables and SVF landscape planting for the classification, showing the thermal comfort landscape planting trees characteristics, when the tree height and crown diameter in between 5-10m, outdoor thermal comfort range and Taiwan (Lin, 2009) have good fitting results, landscape planting including Pistacia chinensis, Melia azedarach, Cinnamomum camphora, Liquidambar formosana Hance, Spathodea campanulata, Araucaria cunninghamii. The study can serve as a reference for landscape planting design.

本研究以景觀植栽之遮蔽程度對戶外空間熱舒適性影響進行探討,不同景觀植栽之遮蔽程度對公園環境熱舒適之效果,本研究經由遮蔽程度指標天空可視率SVF、熱指標(Ta/Tmrt/PET)與景觀植栽特性(樹高/胸高樹徑/樹冠幅)進行比較,其中景觀植栽特性樹冠幅與天空可視率SVF及熱指標有重要關係,其中樹冠幅與天空可視率有高度關係(R?=0.83),熱舒適性指標PET與樹冠幅亦具相關性(R2=0.71),以熱指標與天空可視率為變數進行景觀植栽樹種之分類,顯示景觀植栽樹種之熱舒適特性,當樹高及樹冠幅在5-10公尺之間時,與臺灣戶外熱舒適範圍(Lin,2009)有良好之擬合結果,景觀樹種包括黃連木、槭樹、苦楝、樟樹、楓香、火焰木、肯氏南洋杉等,本研究成果希望提供戶外空間設計者對景觀植栽設計時不僅是從視覺景觀觀點,亦可從對戶外空間熱舒適性良好之景觀樹種考量進行設計。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/90389
Rights: 不同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務
Appears in Collections:景觀與遊憩學士學位學程

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