Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/90986
標題: 以厭氧消化程序處理養豬廢水效能評估之研究
Evaluating the Treatment Efficiency of Swine Wastewater Using Anaerobic Digestion System
作者: 蕭士斌
Shih-Pin Hsiao
關鍵字: Swine wastewater;Anaerobic digestion;Biogas utilization;養豬廢水;厭氧消化;沼氣利用
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摘要: 
養豬業之畜牧廢水,其有機質含量是較高的,在丹麥、德國、法國及日本等國家,已經以厭氧消化處理廠處理,產生的沼氣則成為生質能源,提供鄰近城市電力或暖氣使用。相較國內以三段式廢水處理之廢棄物處理概念,其已進化為再利用之處理觀念。
本研究將養豬廢水先經厭氧消化程序後,就「水污染防治費收費辦法」欲徵收的標的COD及SS而言,其COD平均值自11,260.1 mg/L降至500.55 mg/L,移除率達95.55 %,平均值已達排放水標準之600 mg/L以下,SS平均值自3,307.53 mg/L降至72 mg/L,移除率達97.82 %,平均值已遠低於排放水標準之150 mg/L以下,均有很好的效果。然BOD部分,雖移除率達96.16 %,但其平均值153.83 mg/L仍在排放水標準(80 mg/L)以上,經後續好氧曝氣等處理流程後,其BOD之排放值仍不佳,判斷應是水力停留時間不足。
本研究除考量厭氧消化後之水質外,倘以資源再利用的角度來思考養豬廢水之處理方向,經本研究實驗統計結果,將養豬廢水在未經固液分離程序下,直接進行厭氧消化,每處理1m3豬糞尿原液的水量,可產生1.9337m3的沼氣、2.0839 kg的甲烷,而每移除1 kg之BOD,可產生0.4844 m3的沼氣、0.5 kg的甲烷;每移除1 kg之COD,可產生0.1814 m3的沼氣、0.19 kg的甲烷。後續設置大型集中養豬廢水處理廠時,可依此規劃預計接入的水量,及其所配合的發電機規格。

The organic content of swine wastewater is higher. In countries such as Denmark, Germany, France and Japan,etc., have been deal with swine wastewater in anaerobic digestion wastewater treatment plants. Biogas generated in the process of biomass energy has become, to provide electricity or heating using nearby cities. Compared with domestic waste processing concept of three-stage wastewater treatment, which has evolved to deal with the concept of recycling it.
In this study, the first swine wastewater through anaerobic digestion process, about the ' Measures for Collection of Water Pollution Control Fees ' To charge of the subject in terms of COD and SS, COD mean from 11,260.1 mg / L decreased to 500.55 mg / L, the removal rate of 95.55%, the average water discharge standards reached 600 mg / L or less, SS mean from 3,307.53 mg / L decreased to 72 mg / L, the removal rate of 97.82%, well below the average discharge water standard of 150 mg / L or less, Both have good treatment effect. BOD part, although the removal rate of 96.16%, but the average value of 153.83 mg / L still discharge water standard (80 mg / L) or more, after subsequent processing such as aerobic aeration process, it is still not good emission values of BOD judgment should be HRT lack of time.
In this study, in addition to water quality considerations outside the anaerobic digestion and recycling at an angle to think about the direction of swine wastewater treatment. After this study, statistical experimental results, the swine wastewater then solid-liquid separation procedure prior to anaerobic digestion, each 1m3 swine wastewater treatment capacity, can produce biogas 1.9337m3 and methane 2.0839 kg. Per 1 kg of the removed BOD, can produce 0.4844 m3 of biogas, 0.5 kg of methane, and per 1 kg of removed COD, can produce 0.1814 m3 of biogas, 0.19 kg of methane. Subsequent set of large centralized swine wastewater treatment plant, the water is expected to be so planned access, and the generator with the specifications.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/90986
其他識別: U0005-2906201523402800
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2018-07-03起公開。
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