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標題: 風能升降壓系統之區間第二型模糊最大功率控制器設計與研製
Design and Implementation of Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Maximum Power Point Tracking Controllers for Wind Energy Conversion Systems
作者: 張駿謙
Chun-Chien Chang
關鍵字: Boost-Buck converter;fuzzy control;IT2 fuzzy control;maximum power point tracking (MPPT);PI control;wind power generation;升降壓轉換器;模糊控制;區間第二型模糊控制;最大功率點追蹤(MPPT);PI 控制;風力發電
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This thesis develops two PI-like interval type-2 (IT2) fuzzy maximum power point tracking (MPPT) controllers for two wind energy conversion systems with DC-DC boost or buck converters. After the brief model descriptions of the wind power turbine, power generation system and digital control system, the proposed IT2 fuzzy PI-like MPPT controller for the wind energy boost system is first designed by combining the DC-DC boost converter. Furthermore, the proposed IT2 fuzzy PI-like MPPT controller for the wind energy buck system is then synthesized using the DC-DC buck converter. The asymptotical stabilities of both proposed controllers are investigated in detail. The effectiveness and merits of the proposed MPPT controllers are exemplified by conducting several simulations via Matlab/Simulink; the proposed controller is shown superior by comparing to a conventional PI MPPT controller and a PI-like type-1 fuzzy MPPT controller. Experimental results are conducted to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed control methods.

本論文針對兩種含直流昇降壓器與電池充電模組之風力發電轉換系統,在不同風速的情境下,發展兩種類似 PI 區間第二型的模糊最大功率追蹤控制器。在精簡描述風力機,三相永磁同步發電機與三相整流器後,第一種類似 PI 區間第二型模糊最大功率追蹤控制器被提出,用以控制含直流昇壓器的風力發電昇壓轉換系統,達成最大功率追蹤控制的目的。再者,針對直流降壓器與電池充電模組之風力發電轉換系統,提出第二種類似 PI 區間第二型模糊最大功率追蹤控制律,二者最主要的差異為升壓部份為控制風力發電機輸出的最大功率,而降壓的部份則為針對降壓器後端的輸出進行最大功率追蹤,兩種控制律的閉迴路穩定度皆被詳細地證明。經由運用 MATLAB / Simulink 模擬以及與一般 PI 控制器與Type-1 模糊控制器進行性能比較,其結果足以說明所提的 PI-like 區間第二型模糊最大功率追蹤控制器(IT2 MPPT)方法之有效性與優越性。實驗數據說明兩種方法的實用性,使風力發電能在任何環境下能發揮更佳成效。
其他識別: U0005-3105201514431000
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2018-07-15起公開。
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