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Survey and Research on the Interconnection Standards for photovoltaic generation(PV) in the World
|關鍵字:||Photovoltaic generation(PV);Distributed Generator;Interconnection Standard;Micro Grid;Power Quality;太陽光電;分散式電源;併聯準則;微型電綱;電力品質||引用:||﹝1﹞ Ke Dang, Huifeng Zhao, Jiqing Yu, and Tong Dang, 'Study on interconnection standards of photovoltaic power generation,' International conference on Electrical and control Engineering (IcEcE), 2011, pp.6123-6126. ﹝2﹞ Moreno-Munoz A., De la Rosa J.J.G., Lopez M.A., and Gil de castro A.R., 'Grid interconnection of distributed generation: The Spanish normative,' International conference on clean Electrical Power, 2009, pp.466-470. ﹝3﹞ Ping Zhao, Yuting Yan, 'Study on the impact of grid connected PV systems for the grid,' Electrical Technology, 2009, Section 3, pp. 41-44. ﹝4﹞IEEE Std 1547™-2003 (R2008) IEEE Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers(IEEE), USA, 2003 ﹝5﹞ IEc 61727 Photovoltaic (PV) systems - characteristics of the utility interface, 2004. ﹝6﹞ IEEE 929-2000 Recommended Practice for Utility interface of Photovoltaic Systems, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers(IEEE),USA, 2000. ﹝7﹞ VDE-AR-N 4105 Power generation systems connected to the low-voltage distribution network Technical minimum requirements for the connection to and parallel operation with low-voltage distribution networks, Verband Deutscher Elektrotechnikere (VDE), 2011. ﹝8﹞ DIN V VDE V 0126-1-1 VDE V 0126-1-1 -2006-02 Automatic disconnection device between a generator and the public low-voltage grid, German commission for Electrical, Electronic & Information Technologies, 2006. ﹝9﹞ RD 1663/2000 Royal decree establishing basic administrative and technical conditions of connection to the low voltage network of solar photovoltaic, 2000. ﹝10﹞Order 5/9/1985, Administrative technical rules for the operation and interconnection to the grid of hydroelectric power plants up to 5 MVA and 'auto generation' plants, 1985. ﹝11﹞Engineering Recommendation G83 Issue 2 Recommendations for the connection of Type Tested Small-scale Embedded Generators (Up to 16A per Phase) in Parallel with Low-Voltage Distribution Systems,2012. ﹝12﹞cAN/cSA-c22.2 No. 257-06 Interconnecting inverter-based micro-distributed resources to distribution systems, canadian Standards Association, 2006. ﹝13﹞cAN/cSA c22.3.9:2008 Interconnection of Distributed Resources And Electricity Supply Systems, canadian Standards Association, 2008. ﹝14﹞Rule 21 GENERATING FAcILITY INTERcONNEcTIONS, the california Public Utilities commission (cPUc). ﹝15﹞Distributed Generation Interconnection Manual( Public Utility commission of Texas), The Public Utility commission of Texas (PUcT), 2002. ﹝16﹞AS 4777.1-2005 Grid connection of energy systems via inverters Part 1: Installation requirements, council of Standards Australia, 2005. ﹝17﹞AS 4777.2-2005 Grid connection of energy systems via inverters Part 2: Inverter requirements, council of Standards Australia, 2005. ﹝18﹞AS 4777.3-2005 Grid connection of energy systems via inverters Part 3: Grid protection requirements, council of Standards Australia, 2005. ﹝19﹞GB/T 19939-2005 Technical requirements for grid connection of PV system, M.O.E.A,ROc,2009 ﹝20﹞GB/Z 19964-2005 Technical rule for connecting PV power station to electric power systems ﹝21﹞GB/T 20046-2006 Photovoltaic (PV) systems - characteristics of the utility interface ﹝22﹞Technical requirement for the connection of distributed generation to the distribution system , Korea Electric Power corporation , Korea, 2007 ﹝23﹞cNS15382, Photovoltaic (PV) systems - characteristics of the utility interface, Bureau of Standards, Metrology and Inspection, M.O.E.A,ROc,2010 ﹝24﹞Taiwan Power company (TPc) Technical Guidelines for Interconnection of Renewable Energy Power Systems with the Grid,2009. ﹝25﹞ Jidong Wang, xiaojing Zhang, and xuhao Du, 'comparison of photovoltaic power generation interconnection standards,' International conference on Electrical Engineering and Automatic control (IcEEAc), 2010, V7-136～V7-140||摘要:||
Under the force of environment and energy issues, photovoltaic generation(PV) and other distributed generators have achieved prodigious progress recently. However, existing distribution networks were not been designed to accept extensive solar generators. Therefore, how to interconnect a large amount of photovoltaic generation with safely and reliable operation is a major challenge in the development of modern networks. Interconnection standards for solar power are the technology base, which would push the development of solar power and micro grids. In this paper, the interconnection standards for distributed generation, especially for PV power, are studied. Major requirements in most of interconnection standards or local grid codes include general specifications, power quality, and safety and protection strategies. This paper can be provided as a reference to improve existing interconnection standards in Taiwan and abroad.
在環境與能源議題的壓力下， 近年來太陽光電以反其他分散式電源已經大幅地成長。然而，既有的配電網路並未設計用 來併接大規模的太陽光電。 因此，如何併接大量的太陽光電 且在安全與可靠的原則下運 轉是現代電網發展中最主要的挑戰。太陽光電併聯準則是所有技 術中的基率，它可促進太陽光電的發展 。在這篇論文中，我們探討許多 分散式電源併聯準則，且以太陽光電為主要探討的對象。大部分併聯準則或地區性電網準則的主要要求包含一般性 的規格、電力品質、以及安全與保護策略等 需求。這篇論文可提供改善目前國內外既有併聯 準則的參考。
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