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標題: 具主動控制開關的高效能整流器設計
Design of a High-Performance Rectifier with Active-Controlled Switches
作者: 蕭文敬
Wen-Ching Hsiao
關鍵字: Rectifier;整流器
引用: [1] V. Raghunathan, A. Kansal, J. Hsu, J. Friedman, and M. Srivastava, 'Design considerations for solar energy harvesting wireless embedded systems,' Information Processing in Sensor Networks, pp. 457-462, Apr. 2005. [2] N. G. Elvin and A. A. Elvin, 'An experimentally validated electromagnetic energy harvester,' Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol. 330, no. 10, pp.2314-2324, May 2011. [3] S. J. Roundry, 'Energy scavenging for wireless sensor nodes with a focus on vibration to electricity conversion,' PhD Thesis, University of California, Berkeley, 2003. [4] S. P. Beeby, M. J. Tudor, and N. M. White, 'Energy harvesting vibration sources for micro systems applications,' Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 17, no. 12, pp. R175-R195, Dec. 2006. [5] L. Wang and F. G. Yuan, Vibration Energy Harvesting by Magnetostrictive Material, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, North Carolina State University, Jun. 2008. [6] Vetorino et al., 'Renewable energy flashlight,' U.S. Patent No. 5975714. [7] J. Paradiso and T. Staner, 'Energy scavenging for mobile and wireless electronics,' IEEE Pervasive Computing, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 18-27, Feb. 2005. [8] N. Shenck and J. Paradiso, 'Energy scavenging with shoe-mounted piezoelectrics,' IEEE Micro, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 30-42, May-Jun. 2001. [9] Buss et al., 'Annunciator,' U.S. Patent No. 4346265. [10] A. A. Khalifa, Study of CMOS Rectifier for Wireless Energy Scavenging, Department of Electrical Engineering, Linköpings Universitet, Nov. 2010. [11] A. Facen and A. Boni, 'Power supply generation in CMOS passive UHF RFID tags', in Proc. 2nd Conf. Ph.D. Research in Microelectronics and Electronics, pp. 33-36, Jun. 2006. [12] U. Karthaus, and Martin Fisher, 'Fully integrated passive UHF RFID transponder IC with 16.7-μW minimum RF input power,' IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 38, no. 10, pp. 1602-1608, Oct. 2003. [13] S. Guo and H. Lee, 'An efficiency-enhanced CMOS rectifier with unbalanced-biased comparators for transcutaneous-powered high-current implants,' IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 1796-1804, Jun. 2009. [14] E. Dallago, D. Miatton, G. Venchi, V. Bottarel, G. Frattini, G. Ricotti, and M. Schipani, 'Active autonomous AC-DC converter for piezoelectric energy scavenging systems,' IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, pp. 555-558, Sept. 2008. [15] Y. Sun, N. H. Hieu, C. J. Jeong, and S. G. Lee, 'An integrated high-performance active rectifier for piezoelectric vibration energy harvesting systems,' IEEE Trans. Power Electronics, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 623-627, Feb. 2012. [16] Y. Ramadass and A. Chandrakasan, 'An efficient piezoelectric energy harvesting interface circuit using a bias-flip rectifier and shared inductor,' IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 189-204, Jan. 2010. [17] Y. Rao and D. P. Arnold, 'An input-powered vibrational energy harvesting interface circuit with zero standby power,' IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 26, no. 12, pp. 3524-3533, Dec. 2011. [18] X. D. Do, C. J. Jeong, H. H. Nguyen, S. K. Han, and S. G. Lee, 'A high efficiency piezoelectric energy harvesting system.' IEEE SoC Design Conference, pp. 389-392, Nov. 2011. [19] R. Radzuan, M. A. A. Raop, M. K. M. Salleh, M. K. Hamzah, and R. A. Zawawi, 'The designs of low power AC-DC converter for power electronics system applications,' IEEE Computer Applications and Industrial Electronics, pp. 113-117, Dec. 2012. [20] C. Van Liempd, S. Stanzione, Y. Allasasmeh, and C. Van Hoof, 'A 1μW-to-1mW energy-aware interface IC for piezoelectric harvesting with 40nA quiescent current and zero-bias active rectifiers,' ISSCC Dig. Tech. Papers, pp. 76-77, Feb. 2013. [21] S. S. Hashemi, M. Sawan, and Y. Savaria, 'A high-efficiency low-voltage CMOS rectifier for harvesting energy in implantable devices,' IEEE Trans. Biomed. Circuits Syst., vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 326-335, Aug. 2012.
In recent years, energy harvesting systems have been receiving much more attention. Energy harvesting systems are used to harvest energy from the environment, such as solar, thermal and vibration energy, and convert them into electrical energy. Then, the harvesting electrical energy can be stored in the batteries and be used as a voltage supply of the loading circuit.

This thesis introduces a design of a high-performance rectifier with active-controlled switches. By taking the advantages that turn the switch on lately and turn the switch off early of the unbalanced-biased comparators with the offset voltage, the reverse leakage current caused by the gate charging delay of the MOS transistor, which can't allow the MOS transistor to respond instantly, will be minimized. Besides, the comparator will actively detect the drain and source of the MOS transistor. When the voltage of the input side is higher than the voltage of the output side, the rectified loop generates, and the capacitance of the output side is charged.

This circuit is implanted with TSMC 0.18μm 1P6M 1.8/3.3V CMOS process. When the amplitude of the AC voltage is 3V, the input frequency is 200Hz, the loading capacitance is 10μF, and the loading resistance is 35kΩ, the rectifier has the maximum power conversion efficiency of 93.39% and the voltage conversion ratio is 97.12%. Furthermore, the power conversion efficiency is 90.11% and the output voltage of the rectifier is 2.9541V with the loading resistance of 95kΩ, which means the voltage conversion ratio is 98.47%.



本電路採用台積電TSMC 0.18μm 1P6M 1.8/3.3V CMOS製程實現電路。當輸入交流電壓振幅為3V、輸入頻率200Hz、負載電容為10μF及負載電阻為35kΩ的狀況下,擁有最高的能源轉換效率93.39%、電壓轉換比例97.12%。而整流器在負載電阻為95kΩ時,能源轉換效率為90.11%、整流器的輸出端可以獲得2.95V的電壓,即電壓轉換比例可達98.47%。
其他識別: U0005-1808201514312700
Rights: 不同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務
Appears in Collections:電機工程學系所

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