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dc.contributorMing-Yen Weyen_US
dc.contributor.authorChun-Wei Chengen_US
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dc.description.abstract隨著社會的發展,人們為了生活的便利而製造出大量的塑膠製品,也因其塑膠的不易分解的特性,導致後續處理問題相繼衍生而來。為了能有效的將廢塑膠減量及資源化處理,本研究使用流體化床反應器氣化廢塑膠,並藉由觸媒的添加增加廢塑膠氣化產碳之效率。 於流體化床添加不同觸媒對廢塑膠產碳之影響,結果顯示 Ni、Fe 活性相之觸媒皆能於反應中促使碳的合成。XRD 之結果顯示廢塑膠氣化反應後之觸媒,其主要之繞射峰(2θ=26.5°)為碳之特徵峰。其中以 Al2O3 為擔體之觸媒中,以 Fe/Al2O3 較有利合成碳,而改質石英砂之觸媒,則以Fe/SiO2 較有助於碳的合成,其含浸量又以 3 wt.%之 Fe/SiO2 為較佳,產碳量為 31.3 g/100g PP。此外,Ni/Al2O3 觸媒因具有較佳的分散性及較大的比表面積,較有助於產氫,當含浸量為 10 wt.%時,氣體組成約有 18 mole% (N2-free)的 H2。綜合本實驗之結果,本研究以含浸法製備之觸媒能催化廢塑膠氣化產碳,於床質中添加少量的 Fe 觸媒即能有效達到合成碳的效果。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractWith the development of society, people create a lot of plastic products for life convenience. In addition, plastics are not easily decomposed which resulted the problem of plastic wastes treatments. In order to reduce and recycle plastic wastes effectively, this study use bed-additives to catalyze the gasification of plastic wastes to form carbon materials in a fluidized bed reactor. The efficiencies of plastic wastes gasification at 500°C with different bed- additives were evaluated. The results indicated that both Ni and Fe catalysts could enhance the ability of carbon production in the gasification system. The XRD results showed that the main diffraction peak (2θ=26.5°) of reacted catalyst was carbon. When using Al2O3 as support, Fe/Al2O3 had higher capacity for carbon production than Ni/Al2O3. For SiO2 catalysts, 3 wt.% Fe/SiO2 had the highest activity than other SiO2 catalysts in this study. Besides, Ni/Al2O3 significantly enhance hydrogen production ability due to better metal dispersion and higher specific surface area. In conclusion, adding small amount bed-additives which prepared by impregnation method could promote the ability of carbon production during plastic wastes gasification.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents摘要 ..........i Abstract..........ii 總目錄 ..........iii 圖目錄 表目錄 ..........viii 第一章 前言 ..........1 1-1 研究緣起與目的 ..........1 1-2 研究架構與內容 ..........2 第二章 文獻回顧 ..........5 2-1 廢塑膠回收處理現況 ..........5 2-2 熱轉換技術 ..........8 2-2-1 裂解機制..........9 2-2-2 氣化機制 ..........10 2-3 流體化床技術 ..........11 2-4 觸媒特性 ..........15 2-4-1 觸媒之催化性質 ..........15 2-4-2 廢塑膠氣化反應之觸媒組成..........16 2-5 文獻總結..........25 第三章 實驗設備與方法 ..........26 3-1 實驗藥品及材料..........26 3-2 實驗設備及分析儀器..........27 3-3 觸媒製備流程..........28 3-3-1 觸媒 Ni/Al2O3 製備 ..........28 3-3-2 觸媒 Fe/Al2O3 製備 ..........30 3-3-3 改質石英砂製備 ..........32 3-4 流體化床反應器 ..........35 3-5 分析儀器 ..........37 3-5-1 場發射掃描式電子顯微鏡 (FE-SEM) ..........37 3-5-2 X 光射線繞射儀 (XRD) ..........37 3-5-3 氣相層析儀-熱導偵測器 (GC-TCD) ..........38 3-6 實驗流程及操作條件 ..........40 3-6-1 進料組成..........40 3-6-2 操作流程與條件 ..........40 3-7 實驗試程規劃 ..........42 第四章 結果與討論 ..........43 4-1 氣化產碳操作條件之測試..........43 4-1-1 不同溫度下廢塑膠氣化之影響..........43 4-1-2 空氣等值比對廢塑膠氣化之影響..........45 4-1-3 流體化床系統穩定測試 ..........47 4-2 觸媒對塑膠氣化產碳之研究 ..........49 4-2-1 觸媒添加對氣體組成之影響..........49 4-2-2 觸媒添加對產碳之影響 ..........52 4-3 觸媒特性分析 ..........55 4-3-1 FE-SEM 分析結果..........55 4-3-2 XRD 分析結果..........60 第五章 結論與建議..........63 5-1 結論 ..........63 5-2 建議 ..........64 參考文獻 ..........65zh_TW
dc.subjectplastic wastesen_US
dc.subjectfluidized bed reactoren_US
dc.subjectcarbon productionen_US
dc.title利用 Ni-Fe 觸媒增加廢塑膠氣化產碳之效率zh_TW
dc.titleEnhancing carbon production by Ni-Fe catalyst during waste plastic gasificationen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationen_US
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.fulltextwith fulltext-
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