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標題: 以表面增強拉曼光譜進行鄰苯二甲酸酯類之快速檢測
Rapid detection of phthalates by surface-enhanced Raman scattering
作者: Quan-Yu Chen
關鍵字: 表面增強拉曼光譜;底泥;鄰苯二甲酸酯;新興汙染物;快速檢測;Surface-enhanced Raman scattering;Sediment;Emerging contaminant;Phthalates;Rapid detection
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生活中廣泛使用各種許多不同的塑膠產品,塑膠產品針對不同的需求而使用不同的添加物,而添加鄰苯二甲酸酯可增加產品的可塑性和柔韌性。傳統分析鄰苯二甲酸類的樣品需經由樣品前處理、萃取、濃縮、淨化和儀器分析等步驟,一般需耗時約三天才可能知道結果,且依據儀器的情況可能限制能處理樣品之數量,本研究希望藉由快速的檢測環境樣品能即時的對環境做出對應的改善。本研究以表面增強拉曼光譜進行環境樣品中鄰苯二甲酸酯類塑化劑之快速檢測,企圖利用振動頻譜中化合物分子接受到雷射光源能量產生振動,能於頻譜中分析不同種有機化合物的官能基振動,方法利用為表面增強拉曼光譜(surface-enhanced Raman scattering, SERS),廣泛應用於不同領域的樣品量測。本研究以膠體方式製備薄膜基材,透過不同的修飾分子修飾碳鏈長度鍵結於基材表面,研究上選用一種碳鏈修飾的薄膜作為環境樣品量測上的基準,藉由掃描式電子顯微鏡進行量測薄膜表面結構,應用於環境樣品中進行快速檢測。

Plastic products are widely used in our daily life and additives are amended to render different characteristics. Adding phthalates can enhance their plasticity and flexibility. Thus, analysis of the release of phthalates in usage phase and the concentration in environmental samples are critical in environmental management and environmental engineering. Traditional analysis has to go through pretreatment, extraction, concentration, clean-up, and instrumental analysis and usually takes two to three days at least. Furthermore, the throughput is highly dependent on the instruments being employed. This study is aimed to rapidly detect phthalates in environmental samples in order to make decision in time. Therefore, surface-enhanced Raman scattering is selected as the technology platform for rapid detection of phthalates. The molecular functional group of analytes caused by an incident laser is utilized to detect the different functional groups and bounding. However, due to the weak signals, the plasmon effects on the surface of metals were used to enhance the Raman scattering signals. This technology is dubbed as surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and has been applied to chemical analysis in different research areas. In this study, gold and silver nanoparticle is used to prepare the substrate by using modifiers with different aliphatic-chain lengths. Differents modifier were assembled into thin films with different gap distances between silver nanoparticles. Because different gap distance may yield different enhancement effects, by using scanning electron microscope and 3D Raman spectroscopy, a better enhancement condition was defined and successfully applied to phthalate detection in sediment sample.
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