Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
標題: 以體色為媒介之物種間互利共生: 赤腹寄居姬蛛對宿主人面蜘蛛覓食之影響
Body coloration mediated interspecific mutualism: Effects of Argyrodes miniaceus on foraging of Nephila pilipes
作者: Yin-Chin Leu
關鍵字: 偷竊寄生;赤腹寄居姬蛛;人面蜘蛛;kleptoparasitism;Argyrodes miniaceus;Nephila pilipes;mutualism;symbiosis
引用: Blamires, S. J., Lai, C.-H., Cheng, R.-C., Liao, C.-P., Shen, P.-S. & Tso, I.-M. 2012. Body spot coloration of a nocturnal sit-and-wait predator visually lures prey. Behavioral Ecology, 23, 69-74. Cheney, K. L., Grutter, A. S., Blomberg, S. P. & Marshall, N. J. 2009. Blue and yellow signal cleaning behavior in coral reef fishes. Current Biology, 19, 1283-1287 Chiou, C.-R., Liang, Y.-C., Lai, Y.-J. & Huang, M.-Y. 2004. A Study of delineation and application of the climatic zones in Taiwan. Journal of Taiwan Geographic Information Science, 1, 41-62. Chittka, L. 1996. Optimal sets of color receptors and color opponent systems for coding of natural objects in insect vision. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 181, 179-196. Chittka, L. 1997. Bee color vision isoptimal for coding flower color, but flower colors are not optimal for being coded-why? Israel Journal of Plant Sciences, 45, 115-127. Chittka, L. & Waser, N. M. 1997. Why red flowers are not invisible to bees. Israel Journal of Plant Sciences, 45, 169-183. Chou, H.-H. 2014. A bridegroom in red: function of body coloration of male giant wood spider Nephila pilipes Master, Taipei: National Taiwan University. Chuang, C.-Y., Yang, E.-C. & Tso, I.-M. 2007. Diurnal and nocturnal prey luring of a colorful predator. Journal of Experimental Biology, 210, 3830-3837. Chuang, C.-Y., Yang, E.-C. & Tso, I.-M. 2008. Deceptive color signaling in the night: a nocturnal predator attracts prey with visual lures. Behavioral Ecology, 19, 237-244. Craig, C. L. 1986. Orb-web visibility: the influence of insect flight behaviour and visual physiology on the evolution of web designs within the Araneoidea. Animal Behaviour, 34, 54-68. Craig, C. L. 1988. Insect perception of spider orb webs in three light habitats. Functional Ecology, 2, 277-282. Danielson-Francois, A., Hou, C., Cole, N. & Tso, I.-M. 2012. Scramble competition for moulting females as a driving force for extreme male dwarfism in spiders. Animal Behaviour, 84, 937-945. Dyer, A. G., Boyd-Gerny, S., McLoughlin, S., Rosa, M. G. P., Simonov, V. & Wong, B. B. M. 2012. Parallel evolution of angiosperm colour signals: common evolutionary pressures linked to hymenopteran vision. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 279, 3606-3615. Fan, C.-M., Yang, E.-C. & Tso, I.-M. 2009. Hunting efficiency and predation risk shapes the color-associated foraging traits of a predator. Behavioral Ecology, 20, 808-816. Faust, L., Cock, R. D. & Lewis, S. 2012. Thieves in the night: kleptoparasitism by fireflies in the genus Photuris Dejean (Coleoptera: Lampyridae). Coleopterists Bulletin, 66, 1-6. Forrest, J. & Thomson, J. D. 2009. Background complexity affects colour preference in bumblebees. Naturwissenschaften, 96, 921-925. Grether, G. F. 2000. Carotenoid limitation and mate preference evolution: a test of the indicator hypothesis in guppies (Poecilia reticulata). Evolution, 54, 1712-1724. Grostal, P. & Walter, D. E. 1997. Kleptoparasites or commensals? Effects of Argyrodes antipodianus (Araneae: Theridiidae) on Nephila plumipes. Oecologia, 111, 570-574. Henaut, Y., Delme, J., Legal, L. & Williams, T. 2005. Host selection by a kleptobiotic spider. Naturwissenschaften, 92, 95-99. Hasegawa, M. & Taniguchi, Y. 1994. Visual avoidance of a conspicuously colored carabid beetle Dischissus mirandus by the lizard Eumeces okadae. Journal of Ethology, 12, 9-14. Hauber, M. E. 2002. Conspicuous colouration attracts prey to a stationary predator. Ecological Entomology, 27, 686-691. Herberstein, M. E. & Tso, I.-M. 2000. Evaluation of formulae to estimate the capture area and mesh height of orb webs (Araneoidea, Araneae). Journal of Arachnology, 28, 180-184. Higgins, L. E. & Buskirk, R. E. 1992. A trap-building predator exhibits different tactics for different aspects of foraging behaviour. Animal Behaviour, 44, 485-499. Higgins, L. E. & Buskirk, R. E. 1998. Spider-web kleptoparasites as a model for studying producer-consumer interactions. Behavioral Ecology, 9, 384-387. Iyengar, E. V. 2008. Kleptoparasitic interactions throughout the animal kingdom and a re-evaluation, based on participant mobility, of the conditions promoting the evolution of kleptoparasitism. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 93, 745-762. Johnsen, S., Kelber, A., Warrant, E., Sweeney, A. M., Widder, E. A., Raymond L. Lee, J. & Hernandez-Andres, J. 2006. Crepuscular and nocturnal illumination and its effects on color perception by the nocturnal hawkmoth Deilephila elpenor. Journal of Experimental Biology, 209, 789-800. Kao, C. 2008. Host selection of red abdomen Argyrodes (Argyrodes miniaceus). Master, Taipei: National Taiwan University. Koh, T. H. & Li, D. 2002. Population characteristics of a kleptoparasitic spider Argyrodes flavescens (Araenae: Theridiidae) and its impact on a host spider Nephila pilipes (Araneae: Tetragnathidae) from Singapore. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 50, 153-160. Lindstedt, C., Lindstrom, L. & Mappes, J. 2008. Hairiness and warning colours as components of antipredator defence: additive or interactive benefits? Animal Behaviour, 75, 1703-1713. MacDougall, A. K. & Montgomerie, R. 2003. Assortative mating by carotenoid-based plumage colour: a quality indicator in American goldfinches, Carduelis tristis. Naturwissenschaften, 90, 464-467. Martinez-Harms, J., Palacios, A. G., Marquez, N., Estay, P., Arroyo, M. T. K. & Mpodozis, J. 2010. Can red flowers be conspicuous to bees? Bombus dahlbomii and South American temperate forest flowers as a case in point. Journal of Experimental Biology, 213, 564-571. McMillan, R. P. 1975. Observations on flies of the family Milichiidae cleaning Araneus and Nephila spiders. Western Australian Naturalist 13, 96. Nilsson, A. & Bronmark, C. 1999. Foraging among cannibals and kleptoparasites: effects of prey size on pike behavior. Behavioral Ecology, 10, 557-566. Nishimura, K. 2010. Kleptoparasitism and Cannibalism. In M. D. Breed & J. Moore (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior (pp. 253-258): Elsevier. Peng, P., Blamires, S. J., Agnarsson, I., Lin, H.-C. & Tso, I.-M. 2013. A Color-mediated mutualism between two arthropod predators. Current Biology, 23, 172-176. Reisenman, C. E. & Giurfa, M. 2008. Chromatic and achromatic stimulus discrimination of long wavelength (red) visual stimuli by the honeybee Apis mellifera. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 2, 137-146. Rittschof, C. C. & Ruggles, K. V. 2010. The complexity of site quality: multiple factors affect web tenure in an orb-web spider. Animal Behaviour, 79, 1147-1155. Robinson, M. H. & Robinson, B. 1977. Associations between flies and spiders: bibiocommensalism and dipsoparasitism? Psyche, 84, 150-157. Rodriguez-Girones, M. A. & Santamaria, L. 2004. Why are so many bird flowers red? PLoS Biology, 2, e350. Sample, B. E., Cooper, R. J., Greer, R. D. & Whitmore, R. C. 1993. Estimation of Insect biomass by length and width. American Midland Naturalist, 129, 234-240. Silveira, M. C. & Japyassu, H. F. 2012. Notes on the behavior of the kleptoparasitic spider Argyrodes elevatus (Theridiidae, Araneae). Revista de Etologia, 11, 56-67. Slager, D. L., McDermott, M. E. & Rodewald, A. D. 2012. Kleptoparasitism of nesting material from a Red-faced Spinetail (Cranioleuca erythrops) nest site. Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 124, 812-815. Spaethe, J., Tautz, J. & Chittka, L. 2001. Visual constraints in foraging bumblebees: flower size and color affect search time and flight behavior. PNAS, 98, 3898-3903. Stevens, M. & Merilaita, S. 2009. Defining disruptive coloration and distinguishing its functions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 364, 481-488. Su, Y.-C., Chang, Y.-H., Lee, S.-C. & Tso, I.-M. 2007. Phylogeography of the giant wood spider (Nephila pilipes, Araneae) from Asian-Australian regions. Journal of Biogeography, 34, 177-191. Su, Y.-C. & Smith, D. 2014. Evolution of host use, group-living and foraging behaviours in kleptoparasitic spiders: molecular phylogeny of the Argyrodinae (Araneae : Theridiidae). Invertebrate Systematics, 28, 415-431. Taylor, L. A. & McGraw, K. J. 2013. Male ornamental coloration improves courtship success in a jumping spider, but only in the sun. Behavioral Ecology, 24, 955-967. Tso, I.-M. & Severinghaus, L. L. 1998. Silk stealing by Argyrodes lanyuensis (Araneae: Theridiidae): a unique form of kleptoparasitism. Animal Behaviour, 56, 219-225. Tso, I.-M., Tai, P.-L., Ku, T.-H., Kuo, C.-H. & Yang, E.-C. 2002. Colour-associated foraging success and population genetic structure in a sit-and-wait predator Nephila maculata (Araneae: Tetragnathidae). Animal Behaviour, 63, 175-182. Tso, I.-M., Lin, C.-W. & Yang, E.-C. 2004. Colourful orb-weaving spiders, Nephila pilipes, through a bee's eyes. Journal of Experimental Biology, 207, 2631-2637. Tso, I.-M., Liao, C.-P., Huang, R.-P. & Yang, E.-C. 2006. Function of being colorful in web spiders: attracting prey or camouflaging oneself? Behavioral Ecology, 17, 606-613. Tso, I.-M. 2013. Insect view of orb spider body colorations. In W. Nentwig (Ed.), Spider Ecophysiology (pp. 319-332): Springer-Verlag. Warrant, E. J. & Nilsson, D.-E. 1998. Absorption of white light in photoreceptors. Vision Research, 38, 195-207. Whitehouse, M., Agnarsson, I., Miyashita, T., Smith, D., Cangialosi, K., Masumoto, T., Li, D., Henaut, Y. 2002. Argyrodes: phylogeny, sociality and interspecific interactions—a report on the Argyrodes symposium, Badplaas 2001. The Journal of Arachnology, 30, 238-245. Whitehouse, M. E. A. 1997. The benefits of stealing from a predator: foraging rates, predation risk, and intraspecific aggression in the kleptoparasitic spider Argyrodes antipodiana. Behavioral Ecology, 8, 663-667. Wuellner, C. T. 1999. Alternative reproductive strategies of a gregarious ground-nesting bee, Dieunomia triangulifera (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Journal of Insect Behavior, 12, 845-863. Wyatt, R. 1983. Pollinator-Plant interactions and the evolution of breeding systems. In L. Real (Ed.), Pollination Biology (pp. 51-95). Orlando: Academic Press.
Kleptoparasites are organisms which steal food from others. In spiders, the well-known kleptoparasites are members of genus Argyrodes (Theridiidae). Most previous studies showed that Argyrodes spiders tend to bring negative effects to their host. However, a recent study showed that Argyrodes fissifrons had conspicuous silver patches and such body color can attract prey to Cyrtophora host's webs to increase their foraging success. Nevertheless, Nephila philipes ─ host of Argyrodes miniaceus , has conspicuous body color which functions to lure prey. In this study, I tested whether the conspicuously orange-red colored A. miniaceus can increase foraging success of hosts by visually attracting prey to webs of N. philipes. I conducted field experiments in Huoyen Mountain, Sanyi Township, Miaoli county , Taiwan, in July and August of 2012, 2013, and 2014 in which the presence or body color of A. miniaceus were manipulated. Interception rates of diurnal and nocturnal prey of N. philipes webs receiving different treatments on A. miniaceus were monitored by video cameras. The results showed that although presence of A. miniaceus had no effect on N. philipes's diurnal prey interception, they significantly increased host's nocturnal prey interception. Moreover, nocturnal prey interception rate was significantly increased when A. miniaceus was unpainted. According to these results, since A. miniaceus with orange-red body coloration can potentially enhance foraging of N. philipes, the interactions between these two spiders indicate a color-mediated interspecific mutualism.

有些蜘蛛會生活在其他蜘蛛的網上,並以竊取網上獵物來獲得食物,稱之為偷竊寄生者(kleptoparasitism)。其中以姬蛛科Argyrodes屬的蜘蛛最具代表性。過去的研究結果顯示,偷竊寄生者常給宿主帶來負面效益,很少有研究認為兩者間存在著共生關係。然而,近年來的研究中證實,具醒目銀斑的裂額寄居姬蛛(Argyrodes fissifrons)能夠幫助體色較暗的宿主雲斑蛛(Cyrtophora)吸引獵物,並增加其網的獵物攔截率。不過,對於本身就具有醒目體色,能夠吸引獵物功能的宿主─人面蜘蛛(Nephila pilipes)來說,生活於其網上,具橙紅體色的偷竊寄生蜘蛛─赤腹寄居姬蛛(Argyrodes miniaceus),是否能夠藉由其顯眼的體色幫助宿主增加覓食效益,為本次所要探討的方向。本實驗在苗栗三義火炎山之步道進行,分為(1)操控赤腹寄居姬蛛的存在是否會影響宿主獵物獲得量以及(2)操控赤腹寄居姬蛛之體色是否會影響宿主獵物獲得量兩部分,並以攝影機分別記錄白天和晚上在不同處理下人面蜘蛛網的獵物獲得量。結果顯示,在白天皆有宿主的情況下,不論赤腹寄居姬蛛是否存在,皆無法顯著地增加宿主網的獵物攔截率;並且,宿主亦沒有因赤腹寄居姬蛛醒目體色而顯著增加網的獵物攔截率。然而,在夜間皆有宿主的情況下,赤腹寄居姬蛛的存在可顯著地增加宿主網的獵物攔截率;另外,當赤腹寄居姬蛛體色受到塗色改變後,宿主網的獵物攔截率有顯著減少。因此從實驗結果得知雖然在白天赤腹寄居姬蛛可能沒有辦法利用體色增加其宿主網的獵物攔截率,然而赤腹寄居姬蛛體色在夜間能夠幫助宿主獲得更多食物來源。總結來說,赤腹寄居姬蛛可能和宿主人面蜘蛛有著互利共生的關係,而這樣共生的關係是由體色作為媒介所建立的。
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2018-02-03起公開。
Appears in Collections:生命科學系所

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat Existing users please Login
nchu-104-7101052122-1.pdf1.12 MBAdobe PDFThis file is only available in the university internal network    Request a copy
Show full item record

Google ScholarTM


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.