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標題: 社會網絡與組織創新之探討:以台灣電子產業為例
A Study of Social Networks and Organizational Innovation in Taiwan Electronics Industry
作者: Yen-Ting Chen
關鍵字: innovativeness;collaborative integration;structural holes;degree centrality;knowledge diversity;創新績效;網絡整合程度;結構洞;連接中心性;知識多樣化
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This paper examines how the collaborative integration, structural holes and centrality in an intra-firm network can influence the firms' innovativeness. Using the patent data from TIPO in electronics industry between 2006 and 2009, we examine the effects of the degree of integration, structural holes, and degree centrality on innovation performance and the moderating effect of knowledge diversity. Our finding shows that the collaborative integration in the intra-firm network is conducive to innovation activity, and structural holes has a negative effect on innovation. In addition, an inventor with knowledge diversity rich in structural holes tends to bring fewer novel knowledge to firm, while the degree of integration increase innovation activities. However, the explanatory power of the centrality is weak and doesn't support our prediction. These findings suggest that social network structures do influence innovative outcomes.

在本篇文章中,我們檢驗企業內發明家合作網絡的網絡整合程度、結構洞以及中心性的特性是如何用以預測企業未來的創新績效。我們採用經濟部智慧財產局提供的中華民國專利資訊檢索系統檢視電子產業 2006 年至 2009 年的專利權資料作為本研究之樣本,檢視網絡的整合程度、結構洞與連接中心性對組織創新績效的影響,並加入企業的知識多樣性作為調節變數。結果顯示企業內發明家網絡之網絡整合程度越高,有助於創新活動,而結構洞則是對創新有負向的影響。此外,發明家在知識多樣化程度大的情況時,結構洞會帶來較少的創新知識,而網絡整合程度則可增加企業的創新活動。然而中心性的解釋力很弱且不支持我們的預期。由本文的研究發現社會網絡結構會對發明家在發展創新的過程以及其創新結果產生影響。
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2018-07-16起公開。
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