Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/92575
標題: 社會網絡與組織創新之探討:以台灣電子產業為例
A Study of Social Networks and Organizational Innovation in Taiwan Electronics Industry
作者: Yen-Ting Chen
陳彥婷
關鍵字: innovativeness;collaborative integration;structural holes;degree centrality;knowledge diversity;創新績效;網絡整合程度;結構洞;連接中心性;知識多樣化
引用: 一、中文部分 任慶宗 劉士銘與尹靖遠 2005 「網絡中心性與知識創新-知識資本之中介效果」,2005 年第三屆『管理思維與實務』學術研討會論文集,頁 61-75。 吳思華,1999,「台灣積體電路產業的動態網絡」《網絡台灣: 企業的人情關係與,經濟理性》,台北:遠流,頁 65-128。 李宗穎,2009,「經營模式核心模組之網絡結構分析—影響力中心性之應用」,國立中央大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。 汪美伶與李山田,2007,「組織創新、員工心理安全與組織績效關係之研究—以商業銀行為例」,東吳經濟商學學報,第 59 期,頁 1-28。 洪正明,2007,「以社會網絡觀點探討網絡集中度對技術創新之影響—兼論專屬資產之調節效果」,人力資源管理學報,第 7 卷,第 1 期,頁 87-108。 榮泰生,2013,《UCINET 在社會網絡分析(SNA)之應用》,台北:五南。 蘇柏全、陳正忠與王詩齡,2013,「大型線上社交網絡分析」,商略學報,第 5 卷,第 4 期,頁 251-267。 二、西文部分 Achilladelis, B., A. Schwarzkopf, and M. Cines. 1987. A study of innovation in the pesticide industry: Analysis of the innovation record of an industrial sector. Research Policy 16 (2): 175-212. Ahuja, G. 2000. Collaboration networks, structural holes, and innovation: a longitudinal study. Administrative Science Quarterly 45 (3): 425-455. Allen, J., A. D. James, and P. Gamlen. 2007. Formal versus informal knowledge networks in R&D: a case study using social network analysis. R&D Management 37 (3): 179- 196. Allen, T. J. 1984. Managing the Flow of Technology: Technology Transfer and the Dissemination of Technological Information within the R&D Organization. MIT Press Books. Amabile, T. M. 1996. Creativity in Context. Westview Press. Argyres, N. S., and B. S. Silverman. 2004. R&D, organization structure, and the development of corporate technological knowledge. Strategic Management Journal 25 (8‐9): 929-958. Basberg, B. L. 1983. Foreign patenting in the US as a technology indicator: The case of Norway. Research Policy 12 (4): 227-237. Berger, P. L., and T. Luckmann. 1967. The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. Garden City, New York. Blau, P. M. 1977. Heterogeneity and Inequality. New York: Free Press. Bonacich, P. 1987. Power and centrality: A family of measures. American Journal of Sociology 92 (5): 1170-1182. Borgatti, S. P., and D. S. Halgin. 2011. On network theory. Organization Science 22 (5): 1168-1181. Borgatti, S. P., M. G. Everett, and L. C. Freeman. 2002. UCINET VI. Columbia, SC. Analitycal Technologies. Brass, D. J., and M. E. Burkhardt. 1993. Potential power and power use: An investigation of structure and behavior. Academy of Management Journal 36 (3): 441-470. Brusoni S., and A. Prencipe. 2006. Making design rules: A multidomain perspective. Organization Science 17 (2): 179-189. Burgelman, R. A. 1991. Intraorganizational ecology of strategy making and organizational adaptation: Theory and field research. Organization Science 2 (3): 239-262. Burns, T. E., and G. M. Stalker. 1961. The Management of Innovation. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's Academy for Entrepreneurial Leadership Historical Research Reference in Entrepreneurship. Burt, R. S. 1992. Structural holes: The Social Structure of Competition. Harvard University Press. Burt, R. S. 2000. The network structure of social capital. Research in Organizational Behavior 22: 345-423. Burt, R. S. 2004. Structural holes and good ideas. American Journal of Sociology 110 (2): 349-399. Burt, R. S. 2007. Secondhand brokerage: Evidence on the importance of local structure for managers, bankers, and analysts. Academy of Management Journal 50 (1): 119-148. Carley, K. 1986. An approach for relating social structure to cognitive structure. Journal of Mathematical Sociology 12 (2): 137-189. Carlile, P. R. 2004. Transferring, translating, and transforming: An integrative framework for managing knowledge across boundaries. Organization Science 15 (5): 555-568. Carnabuci, G., and E. Operti. 2013. Where do firms' recombinant capabilities come from? Intraorganizational networks, knowledge, and firms' ability to innovate through technological recombination. Strategic Management Journal 34 (13): 1591-1613. Cecere, G., and M. Ozman. 2014. Technological diversity and inventor networks. Economics of Innovation and New Technology 23 (2): 161-178. Chandler Jr, A. D. 1962. Strategy and Structure: Chapters in the History of the Industrial Enterprise. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's Academy for Entrepreneurial Leadership Historical Research Reference in Entrepreneurship. Cohen, W. M., and D. A. Levinthal. 1990. Absorptive capacity: a new perspective on learning and innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly 35 (1): 128-152. Collaros, P. A., and L. R. Anderson. 1969. Effect of perceived expertness upon creativity of members of brainstorming groups. Journal of Applied Psychology 53 (2p1): 159. Comanor, W. S., and F. M. Scherer. 1969. Patent statistics as a measure of technical change. Journal of Political Economy 77 (3): 392-398. Cowan, R., N. Jonard., and J. B. Zimmermann. 2007. Bilateral collaboration and the emergence of innovation networks. Management Science 53 (7): 1051-1067. Diehl, M., and W. Stroebe. 1987. Productivity loss in brainstorming groups: Toward the solution of a riddle. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 53 (3): 497-509. Diehl, M., and W. Stroebe. 1991. Productivity loss in idea-generating groups: Tracking down the blocking effect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 61 (3): 392- 403. Dougherty, D. 1992. Interpretive barriers to successful product innovation in large firms. Organization Science 3 (2): 179-202. Emerson, R. M. 1962. Power-dependence relations. American Sociological Review 27 (1): 31-41. Emirbayer, M., and A. Mische. 1998. What is agency? American Journal of Sociology 103 (4): 962-1023. Fleming, L. 2001. Recombinant uncertainty in technological search. Management Science 47 (1): 117-132. Fleming, L., C. King III, and A. I. Juda. 2007a. Small worlds and regional innovation. Organization Science 18 (6): 938-954. Fleming, L., S. Mingo, and D. Chen. 2007b. Collaborative brokerage, generative creativity, and creative success. Administrative Science Quarterly 52 (3): 443-475. Freeman, L. C. 1979. Centrality in social networks conceptual clarification. Social Networks 1(3): 215-239. Gallupe, R. B., L. M. Bastianutti, and W. H. Cooper. 1991. Unblocking brainstorms. Journal of Applied Psychology 76 (1): 137-142. Gould, R. V. 2002. The origins of status hierarchies: A formal theory and empirical test. American Journal of Sociology 107 (5): 1143-1178. Granovetter, M. S. 1973. The strength of weak ties. American Journal of Sociology 78 (6): l360-1380. Granovetter, M. S. 1974. Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and Careers. Harvard University Press. Grant, R. M. 1996. Prospering in dynamically-competitive environments: organizational capability as knowledge integration. Organization Science 7 (4): 375-387. Griliches, Z. 1990. Patent statistics as economic indicators: A survey. Journal of Economic Literature 28 (4): 1661-1707. Gulati, R. 1995. Social structure and alliance formation patterns: A longitudinal analysis. Administrative Science Quarterly 40: 619-652. Hall, B. H., A. Jaffe, and M. Trajtenberg. 2000. Market Value and Patent Citations: A First Look. Hall, B. H., and R. H. Ziedonis. 2001. The patent paradox revisited: An empirical study of patenting in the US semiconductor industry, 1979-1995. RAND Journal of Economics 32 (1): 101-128. Hansen, M. T. 1999. The search-transfer problem: The role of weak ties in sharing knowledge across organization subunits. Administrative Science Quarterly 44 (1): 82-111. Hargadon, A., and R. I. Sutton. 1997. Technology brokering and innovation in a product development firm. Administrative Science Quarterly 42 (4): 716-749. Harrison, D. A., and K. J. Klein. 2007. What's the difference? Diversity constructs as separation, variety, or disparity in organizations. Academy of Management Review 32 (4): 1199-1228. Hausman, J., B. H. Hall, and Z. Griliches. 1984. Econometric models for count data with an application to the patents-R&D relationship. Econometrica 52 (4): 909-38. Henderson, R. M., and K. B. Clark. 1990. Architectural innovation: the reconfiguration of existing product technologies and the failure of established firms. Administrative Science Quarterly 35: 9-30. Ibarra, H. 1993. Network centrality, power, and innovation involvement: Determinants of technical and administrative roles. Academy of Management Journal 36 (3): 471-501. Kamien, M. I., and N. L. Schwartz. 1982. Market Structure and Innovation. New York: Cambridge University Press. Kaplan, S., and M. Tripsas. 2008. Thinking about technology: Applying a cognitive lens to technical change. Research Policy 37 (5): 790-805. Kauffman, S., J. Lobo, and W. G. Macready. 2000. Optimal search on a technology landscape. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 43 (2): 141-166. Kleinbaum, A. M., and T. E. Stuart. 2014. Inside the black box of the corporate staff: Social networks and the implementation of corporate strategy. Strategic Management Journal 35 (1): 24-47. Kleinknecht, A. 1982. Patenting in Dutch Industry: A Cross-section Test on the Industry Life Cycle. VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics. Kogut, B., and U. Zander. 1992. Knowledge of the firm, combinative capabilities, and the replication of technology. Organization Science 3 (3): 383-397. Krackhardt, D. 1993. MRQAP: Analytic versus Permutation Solutions. Working paper, Carnegie Mellon University. Lazer, D., and A. Friedman. 2007. The network structure of exploration and exploitation. Administrative Science Quarterly 52 (4): 667-694. Lee, J. J. 2010. Heterogeneity, brokerage, and innovative performance: Endogenous formation of collaborative inventor networks. Organization Science 21 (4): 804-822. Leenders, R. T. A. J. 2002. Modeling social influence through network autocorrelation: constructing the weight matrix. Social Networks 24 (1): 21-47. Levinthal, D. A., and J. G. March. 1993. The myopia of learning. Strategic Management Journal 14 (S2): 95-112. Liu, C. H. 2013. The processes of social capital and employee creativity: Empirical evidence from intraorganizational networks. The International Journal of Human Resource Management 24 (20): 3886-3902. Lundvall, B. A. 1992. User-producer relationships, national systems of innovation and internationalisation. National Systems of Innovation: Towards a Theory of Innovation and Interactive Learning: 45-67. McEvily, B., and A. Zaheer. 1999. Bridging ties: A source of firm heterogeneity in competitive capabilities. Strategic Management Journal 20 (12): 1133-1156. McFadyen, M. A., and A. A. Cannella. 2004. Social capital and knowledge creation: Diminishing returns of the number and strength of exchange relationships. Academy of Management Journal 47 (5): 735-746. Milliken, F. J., and L. L. Martins. 1996. Searching for common threads: Understanding the multiple effects of diversity in organizational groups. Academy of Management Review 21 (2): 402-433. Nelson, R. R. 1993. National innovation systems: a comparative analysis. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's Academy for Entrepreneurial Leadership Historical Research Reference in Entrepreneurship. Nerkar, A., and S. Paruchuri. 2005. Evolution of R&D capabilities: The role of knowledge networks within a firm. Management Science 51 (5): 771-785. Nieminen, J. 1974. On the centrality in a graph. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 15 (1): 332-336. Nohria, N., and R. Gulati. 1996. Is slack good or bad for innovation? Academy of Management Journal 39 (5): 1245-1264. Nonaka, I., and H. Takeuchi. 1995. The Knowledge Creating Company. Oxford University Press: Oxford. Operti, E., and G. Carnabuci. 2014. Public Knowledge, Private Gain: The Effect of Spillover Networks on Firms' Innovative Performance. Journal of Management 40 (4): 1042-1074. Paruchuri, S. 2010. Intraorganizational networks, interorganizational networks, and the impact of central inventors: A longitudinal study of pharmaceutical firms. Organization Science 21 (1): 63-80. Pelled, L. H., K. M. Eisenhardt, and K. R. Xin. 1999. Exploring the black box: An analysis of work group diversity, conflict and performance. Administrative Science Quarterly 44 (1): 1-28. Pelz, D. C. 1956. Some social factors related to performance in a research organization. Administrative Science Quarterly 1 (3): 310-325. Perry-Smith, J. E. 2006. Social yet creative: The role of social relationships in facilitating individual creativity. Academy of Management Journal 49 (1): 85-101. Perry-Smith, J. E., and C. E. Shalley. 2003. The social side of creativity: A static and dynamic social network perspective. Academy of Management Review 28 (1): 89-106. Petrou, A., and I. Daskalopoulou. 2013. Social capital and innovation in the services sector. European Journal of Innovation Management 16 (1): 50-69. Pfeffer, J., and G. R. Salancik. 1978. The External Control of Organizations: A Resource Dependence Perspective. Stanford University Press. Phelps, C. C. 2010. A longitudinal study of the influence of alliance network structure and composition on firm exploratory innovation. Academy of Management Journal 53 (4): 890-913. Phelps, C., R. Heidl, and A. Wadhwa. 2012. Knowledge, networks, and knowledge networks: A review and research agenda. Journal of Management 38 (4): 1115-1166. Podolny, J. M. 1993. A status-based model of market competition. American Journal of Sociology 98 (4): 829-872. Podolny, J. M. 2001. Networks as the pipes and prisms of the market. American Journal of Sociology 107 (1): 33-60. Podolny, J. M., and T. E. Stuart. 1995. A role-based ecology of technological change. American Journal of Sociology 100 (5): 1224-1260. Podolny, J. M., T. E. Stuart, and M. T. Hannan. 1996. Networks, knowledge, and niches: Competition in the worldwide semiconductor industry, 1984-1991. American Journal of Sociology 102 (3): 659-689. Powell, W. W., D. R. White, K. W. Koput, and J. Owen‐Smith. 2005. Network dynamics and field evolution: The growth of interorganizational collaboration in the life sciences. American Journal of Sociology 110 (4): 1132-1205. Powell, W. W., K. W. Koput, and L. Smith-Doerr. 1996. Interorganizational collaboration and the locus of innovation: Networks of learning in biotechnology. Administrative Science Quarterly 41 (1): 116-145. Prajogo, D. I. 2006. The relationship between innovation and business performance—a comparative study between manufacturing and service firms. Knowledge and Process Management 13 (3): 218-225. Reagans, R. E., and E. W. Zuckerman. 2001. Networks, diversity, and productivity: The social capital of corporate R&D teams. Organization Science 12 (4): 502-517. Reagans, R. E., and E. W. Zuckerman. 2008. Why knowledge does not equal power: The network redundancy trade-off. Industrial and Corporate Change 17 (5): 903-944. Rodan, S. 2010. Structural holes and managerial performance: Identifying the underlying mechanisms. Social Networks 32 (3): 168-179. Rodan, S., and C. Galunic. 2004. More than network structure: How knowledge heterogeneity influences managerial performance and innovativeness. Strategic Management Journal 25 (6): 541-562. Rosenkopf, L., and A. Nerkar. 2001. Beyond local search: Boundary ‐ spanning, exploration, and impact in the optical disk industry. Strategic Management Journal 22 (4): 287-306. Scherer, F. M. 1965. Firm size, market structure, opportunity, and the output of patented inventions. The American Economic Review 55 (5): 1097-1125. Scherer, F. M., and D. Ross. 1990. Industrial Market Structure and Economic Performance. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's Academy for Entrepreneurial Leadership Historical Research Reference in Entrepreneurship. Schmoch, U. 2008. Concept of a Technology Classification for Country Comparisons. Final Report to the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), WIPO. Schumpeter, J. A. 1934. The Theory of Economic Development: An Inquiry into Profits, Capital, Credit, Interest, and the Business Cycle. Transaction Publishers. Sewell Jr, W. H. 1992. A theory of structure: Duality, agency, and transformation. American Journal of Sociology 98 (1): 1-29. Shipilov, A. V., and S. X. Li. 2008. Can you have your cake and eat it too? Structural holes' influence on status accumulation and market performance in collaborative networks. Administrative Science Quarterly 53 (1): 73-108. Siguaw, J. A., P. M. Simpson, and C. A. Enz. 2006. Conceptualizing innovation orientation: A framework for study and integration of innovation research. Journal of Product Innovation Management 23 (6): 556-574. Singh, J. 2005. Collaborative networks as determinants of knowledge diffusion patterns. Management Science 51 (5): 756-770. Stuart, T. E., H. Hoang, and R. C. Hybels. 1999. Interorganizational endorsements and the performance of entrepreneurial ventures. Administrative Science Quarterly 44 (2): 315-349. Teachman, J. D. 1980. Analysis of population diversity measures of qualitative variation. Sociological Methods & Research 8 (3): 341-362. Tichy, N. M., M. L. Tushman, and C. Fombrun. 1979. Social network analysis for organizations. Academy of Management Review 4 (4): 507-519. Trajtenberg, M. 1990. A penny for your quotes: Patent citations and the value of innovations. RAND Journal of Economics 21 (1): 172-187. Tsai, W. 2001. Knowledge transfer in intraorganizational networks: Effects of network position and absorptive capacity on business unit innovation and performance. Academy of Management Journal 44 (5): 996-1004. Tsai, W., and S. Ghoshal. 1998. Social capital and value creation: The role of intrafirm networks. Academy of Management Journal 41 (4): 464-476. Tushman, M. L., and E. Romanelli. 1983. Uncertainty, social location and influence in decision making: A sociometric analysis. Management Science 29 (1): 12-23. Tversky, A., and D. Kahneman. 1974. Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases. Science 185 (4157): 1124-1131. Walter, J., C. Lechner, and F. W. Kellermanns. 2007. Knowledge transfer between and within alliance partners: Private versus collective benefits of social capital. Journal of Business Research 60 (7): 698-710. Wang, C., S. Rodan, M. Fruin, and X. Xu. 2014. Knowledge networks, collaboration networks, and exploratory innovation. Academy of Management Journal 57 (2): 484-514. Wasserman, S., and K. Faust. 1994. Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Weitzman, M. L. 1998. Recombinant growth. The Quarterly Journal of Economics 113(2): 331-360. Wejnert, B. 2002. Integrating models of diffusion of innovations: A conceptual framework. Annual Review of Sociology 28 (1): 297-326. Yayavaram, S., and G. Ahuja. 2008. Decomposability in knowledge structures and its impact on the usefulness of inventions and knowledge-base malleability. Administrative Science Quarterly 53 (2): 333-362.
摘要: 
This paper examines how the collaborative integration, structural holes and centrality in an intra-firm network can influence the firms' innovativeness. Using the patent data from TIPO in electronics industry between 2006 and 2009, we examine the effects of the degree of integration, structural holes, and degree centrality on innovation performance and the moderating effect of knowledge diversity. Our finding shows that the collaborative integration in the intra-firm network is conducive to innovation activity, and structural holes has a negative effect on innovation. In addition, an inventor with knowledge diversity rich in structural holes tends to bring fewer novel knowledge to firm, while the degree of integration increase innovation activities. However, the explanatory power of the centrality is weak and doesn't support our prediction. These findings suggest that social network structures do influence innovative outcomes.

在本篇文章中,我們檢驗企業內發明家合作網絡的網絡整合程度、結構洞以及中心性的特性是如何用以預測企業未來的創新績效。我們採用經濟部智慧財產局提供的中華民國專利資訊檢索系統檢視電子產業 2006 年至 2009 年的專利權資料作為本研究之樣本,檢視網絡的整合程度、結構洞與連接中心性對組織創新績效的影響,並加入企業的知識多樣性作為調節變數。結果顯示企業內發明家網絡之網絡整合程度越高,有助於創新活動,而結構洞則是對創新有負向的影響。此外,發明家在知識多樣化程度大的情況時,結構洞會帶來較少的創新知識,而網絡整合程度則可增加企業的創新活動。然而中心性的解釋力很弱且不支持我們的預期。由本文的研究發現社會網絡結構會對發明家在發展創新的過程以及其創新結果產生影響。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/92575
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2018-07-16起公開。
Appears in Collections:會計學系所

Files in This Item:
File SizeFormat Existing users please Login
nchu-103-7101028020-1.pdf1.15 MBAdobe PDFThis file is only available in the university internal network   
Show full item record
 

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.