Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/92610
標題: 營養劑對珊瑚菇再生性的影響
The Effect of Regeneration of Pleurotus citrinopileatus by Adding Nutrition
作者: 呂泳信
Yong-Hsin Lu
關鍵字: 珊瑚菇;營養劑;再生性;Pleurotus citrinopileatus;Nutrition;Regeneration
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摘要: 
摘要
側耳屬(Pleurotus)為腐生菌,能分解木材,是全世界食用菌中
主要栽培之一,人工栽培種大約有12種以上。其中又以珊瑚菇(P.
citrinopileatus),鮑魚菇(P. abalonus)、秀珍菇(P. ostreatus)以及杏鮑菇(P. eryngii)在台灣栽培最多。近年來由於珊瑚菇培養時間短、
香氣濃郁、口感清脆且營養價值高,逐漸受國人喜愛,產量有逐年增
加的趨勢。珊瑚菇不需變溫刺激出菇,大部分皆在傳統菇舍中培養。
因此受環境變化影響大,產量及產期不易控制。為了能幫助菇農能提
升產量,筆者進行額外添加養分的實驗。

營養劑為牛奶與豆漿,加水稀釋調配成5%及10%,以及牛奶與
豆漿(1:1)混合液5%及10%,添加至已採收過一次及四次的珊瑚
菇中,觀察紀錄珊瑚菇的成長狀況、大小及產量。

實驗結果,在採收一次的部分,添加10%牛奶、10%豆漿及5%
牛奶:豆漿=1:1 會得到較高的珊瑚菇採收重量;5%牛奶:豆漿=1:
1會得到最高的重量。5%、10%的牛奶:豆漿=1:1得到較高的數量
及平均大小;5%牛奶:豆漿=1:1會得到最高平均大小;10%牛奶:
豆漿=1:1會得到最高數量。在採收四次的部分,添加5%及10%豆
漿會得到較高的重量;5%豆漿會得到最高的重量。5%牛奶得到最高
平均大小及數量。
本次實驗總採收的珊瑚菇個數共76個,重量分布在30~40公克
之間,平均重量為38公克。

Abstract
Pleurotus is the white rot fungi and have ability to decompose wood. They are the major cultivation mushroom. There are about twelve varieties were cultivated in the world. The most cultivated in Taiwan are P. citrinopileatus, P. abalonus, P. ostreatus and P. eryngii. Among them,
there is an increasing trend of Pleurotus citrinopileatus production, because of its short cultivated time, rich aroma, taste sweet and crisp, high nutrition value, and cheap. Most Pleurotus citrinopileatus are cultivated in the traditional cultivated room, because it doesn't need
temperature stimulate when fruiting. Therefore subject to environment change impact, it is difficult to control the yield. In order to help to raise the yield, we designed an experiment to observe the harvest yield by adding the nutrients.

The nutrients we added into the beg which were harvested one time and four times are milk(5%, 10%), soybean milk(5%, 10%)and milk : soybean milk =1:1(5%, 10%). The nutrients were added 10mL per time every week in 7 weeks, then observation , recorded the yield, weights, and numbers.

The results, on one harvest, mushroom yield were higher from adding 10% milk, 10% soybean milk and 5% milk:soybean milk=1:1, then from other concentration, the highest yield at 5% milk:soybean milk=1:1. The more harvest number and average size at 5% and 10% milk:soybean milk=1:1; and the most harvest number at 10% milk:soybean milk=1:1; and the most average size at 5% milk:soybean milk=1:1. On four harvest, mushroom yield were higher from adding 5% and
10% soybean milk; and the highest yield at 5% soybean milk. The most harvest number and average size at 5% milk.
In this experiment, the total number of Pleurotus citrinopileatus we harvested are 76, and the weights were most distributed among 30-40g. The average weight was 38g.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/92610
其他識別: U0005-2301201400361300
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2015-01-27起公開。
Appears in Collections:生命科學院碩士在職專班

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