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標題: 攝入咖啡因對模擬籃球比賽體能與 技術表現之影響
The effect of caffeine ingestion on physical fitness and skill performance in the simulated basketball game
作者: Yu-Hsien Lai
關鍵字: Caffeine;Similar game;Basketball special skill;Goal percentage;Rating of perceived exertion;咖啡因;模擬比賽;籃球技術專項體能;投籃命中率;運動自覺量表
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前言:咖啡因已被證實可以促進耐力性運動表現、延長衰竭時間、增加 注意力,但是對於間歇性高強度運動技術表現的研究仍屬缺乏。本研究的研 究目的為探討運動前補充咖啡因對模擬籃球比賽之籃球技術專項體能表現、 投籃命中率、反動作跳高度及技術測驗的影響。方法:11位甲二級大學男子 籃球員,採雙盲隨機交叉設計,每次測試為期一天。於運動前1小時補充每 公斤體重6毫克的咖啡因或安慰劑(placebo測試)。模擬籃球比賽分為上、下 半場各20分鐘,中場休息15分鐘,上、下半場各2節,每節10分鐘,每節包 括連續10次跳、四線折返衝刺、底線衝刺跳投、Z字防守後跳投、罰球10顆、 禁區組合運動、全場組合運動、5方向投籃及6次邊線折返跑。記錄各項時間 與投籃命中率,以評估體能表現與投籃技術表現。並於運動前、中場休息及 運動後進行體能測驗,包括反動作跳測量與技術測驗(包括球員運球、過人、 傳球、上籃、投籃等專項技術)。運動前與每節運動後詢問自覺量表。於正 式測驗進食前、運動前跟運動後採集肘靜脈血液樣本,分析血乳酸、血糖、 游離脂肪酸、胰島素、甘油、血比容以及心跳率、運動自覺量表的差異。結 果:咖啡因測試與安慰劑測試的籃球技術專項完成時間、技術測驗完成時間、 投籃命中率與反動作跳高度上並沒有顯著差異(P>0.05)。但於全場技術專項 完成時間與技術測驗完成時間有優於安慰劑的趨勢(P=0.058 and P=0.054)。 咖啡因測試的血乳酸於模擬比賽前後皆與安慰劑測試達顯著差異(P=0.049 and P=0.003),咖啡因測試的血漿中甘油和胰島素均在模擬比賽後與安慰劑 測試達顯著差異(P=0.011 and P=0.017)兩組試驗間心跳率於第三節達顯著差 異(P<0.001)。結論:模擬籃球比賽前1小時攝取每公斤體重6毫克咖啡因並不 影響籃球技術專項表現。

Introduction: Ingestion of caffeine has been shown to improve endurance exercise performance, extend the time to exhaustion and increase attention level, however intermittent high-intensity exercise performance research is still lacking. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of caffeine ingestion before a simulation basketball game on basketball fitness & skill performance. Methods: eleven male Division II university basketball players were recruited to participate in a double-blind randomized crossover design study. The subjects were asked to consume either 6mg/kg caffeine or placebo 1 hour before the simulated basketball game. The simulated basketball game consisted of 20 min in each half and a 15-min rest in between. Each half contained 2*10-min quarter with a 2-min rest in between. Each quarter includes 10 consecutive jumps, ladder suicide sprint, baseline jump shots, foul-line jump shots, free-throw shooting, key combination, full court combination, 5 directions shooting, and 6 shuttle run. The time and shooting percentage were recorded in order to assess the physical performance and shooting skill. A counter movement jump test was performed before and after the simulated game, as well as at the half-time. A skill test, including dribbling, extraordinary, passing, layups and shooting will be performed before and after the game and the time required for the test was recorded. The rating of perceived exertion was recorded before exercise and after each exercise session. Blood samples was collected from the antecubital vein at fasting, before and after the simulated game. The plasma concentrations of lactate, glucose, free fatty acids, insulin and glycerol were measured. The difference hematocrit, heart rate and rating of perceived exertion were analyzed. Results: there were no significant difference between caffeine and placebo trial in basketball special skill and skills challenge finished time, shooting performance and counter movement jump height (p>0.05). However, there was a trend showed caffeine trial performed better in basketball special skill and skills challenge finished time than placebo (P = 0.058 & 0.054, respectively). Plasma lactate concentration was significant higher in caffeine than in placebo before and after simulation game (P=0.049 & P=0.003, respectively). Plasma glycerol and insulin concentration were significant higher in caffeine than in placebo after simulation game (P = 0.011 & P = 0.017, respectively). Heart rate between two trials were significant different in the third quarter (P<0.001). Conclusion: Ingestion of 6mg/kg body mass caffeine 1 hour before the simulation basketball game does not affect basketball fitness & skill performance.
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