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標題: 12週繩梯運動對高齡者功能性體適能之影響
The Effect of 12-Weeks Agility Ladder Training on The Functional Fitness for Elderly People
作者: 孫冀豪
Ji-Hao Sun
Hung-Min Lai
Ying-Lan Tsai
關鍵字: ladder training sport;functional fitness;elders;繩梯運動;功能性體適能;高齡者
Project: 興大體育學刊, Issue 15, Page(s) 47-59.
本研究旨在探討12 週繩梯運動,對高齡者功能性體適能的影響。本研究共招募65歲以上具有口語溝通能力與獨立自主活動能力的高齡者,共計28 位,分為實驗組 (14位) 及控制組 (14 位)。實驗組進行繩梯運動;控制組則維持原本的生活形式。所有受試者在運動介入之前、後進行高齡者功能性體適能檢測。以獨立樣本t 檢定 (independent t-test) 和單因子共變數分析 (ANCOVA) 比較兩組功能性體適能變項。研究結果,實驗組比控制組達顯著差異項目計有坐姿體前彎 (8.43 vs.1.82 公分)、抓背測試 (-3.44vs.-5.85 公分)、八英呎站走 (5.23 vs.6.00 秒)、功能性前伸 (32.49 vs.27.12 公分) 及五公尺最快步行 (3.25 vs.4.10 秒) 等項目。這意味著本研究的繩梯運動改善高齡者的大腿後側和背部肌群柔軟度、敏捷與動態平衡的能力及活動力等,這也代表本研究課程有助於改善與高齡者跌倒相關之因子。

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of functional fitness in elders by agility ladder training for 12 weeks. We recruited 28 subjects who were over 65-year-old and had ability of spoken communication and independent activities. These subjects were randomly divided into experimental group (n= 14) and control group (n= 14). The experimental group performed agility ladder training and the control group maintained ordinary lifestyle. All subjects were underwent the functional fitness test before and after study. Comparisons between two groups were performed with independent t-test and one way ANCOVA. The results showed that Chair sit-and reach (8.43 vs. 1.82 cm), Back scratch (-3.44 vs. -5.85cm ), Timed up & go test (5.23 vs. 6.00 sec), Functional reach (32.49 vs. 27.12 cm) and five-meter walking velocity (3.25 vs. 4.10 sec) in experimental group significantly differences than control group (p < .05). The conclusion is that twelve-weeks agility ladder training effectively improve flexibility, agility, the ability of dynamic balance and activity of elderly in community-dwelling.
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