Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/94812
標題: 經典研究的兩個神話:從戴震到章學誠
Two Myths of Classical Studies: From Dai Zhen to Zhang Xuecheng
作者: Fung Yiu-Ming
馮耀明
關鍵字: 戴震;章學誠;訓詁;道問學;知識主義;反知識主義;自然主義;Dai Zhen;Zhang Xuecheng;Philology;Daowenxue;Intellectualism;Anti-intellectualism;Naturalism
出版社: 臺中市:國立中興大學中國文學系
Project: 興大中文學報, Volume 42, Page(s) 1-56.
摘要: 
Yu Ying-shih 余英時 thinks that Dai Zhen's approach of 'using philology
to interpret Confucian classics for understanding dao' and Zhang Xuecheng's
idea of 'using jiaochou 校讎 (collation) to explicate literature and history for
understanding dao' are different methods for the same goal. That is, both give
up the unsubstantial metaphysics of Song learning 宋學, have an approach of
'daowenxue' 道問學 (following intellectual knowledge), and make an
academic shift of classical studies to 'intellectualism' and thus reject the
'anti-intellectualism' in the tradition of Song learning.
This paper aims at demonstrating that, actually, both Dai Zhen's using of
philological method and Zhang Xuecheng's using of historical method are not
the so-called 'empirical studies' merely based on linguistic evidences and
historical facts and thus without metaphysical speculations and subjective
imagination, as claimed by Yu Ying-shih.
In this paper, I will argue that both Dai Zhen and Zhang Xuecheng's theories are
misinterpreted by Yu Ying-shih as an approach of 'intellectualization.' I think this is a
pseudo-thesis. They are two myths of classical studies which are unsuccessful
approach to de-philosophicalization.

余英時認為:戴震「由訓詁而通經以明道」,章學誠則代之以「由校讎而通文
史以明道」,二者皆落在「道問學」的模式之內,而分別與宋學之「鑿空言理」相
抗衡。二者看似殊途同歸,同樣使經學或經典研究引向余氏所謂「智識主義」
(intellectualism) 的道路,而揚棄宋學中的「反智主義」(anti-intellectualism) 傳統。
本文的目的在指出:無論是戴震的訓詁方法之實質運用,或章學誠的歷史方
法之具體運作,皆非如余氏所謂「經驗的研究」(empirical studies),純以語言證
據和歷史事實而作之論斷,而無形上的思辯或主觀的想像。
本文要論證:二者皆被余氏誤套在知識化 (intellectualization) 的膺假論旨
(pseudo-thesis) 之中,而余氏並不知此乃欲去哲學化 (de-philosophicalization) 而
去不了的兩個神話 (two myths)。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/94812
Appears in Collections:第42期

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