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Donald Barthelme’s Linguistic Wonderland: Postmodernist Verbal Play and the Meaning of Understanding
|關鍵字:||唐納德•巴塞爾姆;語言遊戲;後現代主義;作者-讀者關係;Donald Barthelme;linguistic play;Postmodernism;writer-reader relationship||摘要:||
唐納德•巴塞爾姆(Donald Barthelme)為美國後現代主義小說作家，創作許多短篇小說，其作品敘述特色為超現實以及片段式描寫，一般小說中的完整、傳統敘述並不多。小說結構具顛覆性，創造出文本詮釋不確定性與開放性。本論文將從語言理解及應用的角度，以巴塞爾姆於《巴塞爾姆的60個故事》(Sixty Stories)中的短篇小說〈遊戲〉(Game)、〈無：初步的解釋〉(Nothing: A Preliminary Account)和短篇散文〈無所知〉(Not-Knowing)作為研究文本，探討其後現代主義風格敘述所展現出的語言遊戲。
Donald Barthelme as an American Postmodernist writer wrote a great many concise short fictions in a surreal and fragmentary narrative. His writing style makes the uncertainty and openness of textual interpretation, and he created a new form of fiction which breaks with traditional narrative by its incompleteness and openness to play. This thesis aims to discuss the postmodernist play of understanding in Barthelme’s postmodern writings specifically in his two short fictions (collected in Sixty Stories) “Game,” “Nothing: A Preliminary Account,” and his creative essay “Not-Knowing.”
My thesis is divided into three parts. The first chapter tries to discuss the interrelationship between signs and the receiver of signs in Barthelme’s “Game” through Hans-Georg Gadamer’s idea of play in Truth and Method. In Chapter Two, the limitless continuity in the interpretation of signs in “Nothing: A Preliminary Account” will be discussed by my readings of Martin Heidegger’s arguments concerned with the way to look for the essence of truth in “The Question Concerning Technology” and Jacques Derrida’s idea of play in “Structure, Sign and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences.” Chapter Three tries to discuss the writer’s writing as the application of verbal play has great effect upon readers, and it makes readers notice something “not-knowing” and bring a new way of understanding while reading.
Reading Barthelme’s writing by the application of Gadamer’s theory surely reveals the position that readers participate in the story’s “horizons” by reading and developing readers’ own explanation of text. However, reading Barthelme’s works are also read from Derrida’s deconstructive perspective, it shows Barthelme’s manipulation of words and structure to create different form of narrative and word-meaning relationship. The play of signs is the way how the writer presents the game to the readers through writing. However, what the writer writes are things s/he encounters in the world, the knowledge obtained from life experiences through various “play.” When readers read the text, they join the play in the writer’s work. After all, through the application of words, do people play in signs, or they are actually “played”? Through Gadamer’s and Wittgenstein’s ideas emphasis on the relationship between the meaning of words and the social context, the openness of textual interpretation demonstrated by the writer-reader relationship between the understanding and the application of language in Barthelme’s narrative is discussed. Literature and art as the mediation between one and one’s life, presents the author’s understanding of things already known or unknown, and it also have great effect on other people’s understanding of things known/unknown.
|Appears in Collections:||外國語文學系所|
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