Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/95746
標題: 臺灣產天門冬科植物之系統分類學研究
Systematic Study of Asparagaceae in Taiwan
作者: 趙建棣
Chien-Ti Chao
關鍵字: 天門冬科;系統分類;臺灣;Aspragaceae;Systematic study;Taiwan
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摘要: 
天門冬科 (Asparagaceae) 植物包括156屬,2,500種以上植物,廣泛分布於全世界除極區外的各種環境。本研究以外觀形態、葉表皮形態、花粉形態、核型分析、地理分布及分子系統學等各種角度,探討臺灣產本科的系統分類學研究。結果將臺灣產天門冬科處理為13屬23種,在分類處理上,包括一新組合渡邊氏萬年青 (Rohdea chinensis (Baker) N. Tanaka var. watanabei (Hayata) Y. H. Tseng & C. T. Chao),將阿里山假寶鐸花 (Disporopsis arisanensis Hayata) 併入假寶鐸花 (Di. pernyi (Hua) Diels) 的同物異名,確認沿階草 (Ophiopogon bodinieri H. Lev) 的存在,並將其自間型沿階草 (O. intermedius D. Don) 中分出,不支持將清水山黃精 (Polygonatum chingshuishanianum S. S. Ying) 併入臺灣黃精 (Heteropolygonatum altelobatum (Hayata) Y. H. Tseng & C. T. Chao) 的處理,將大屯黃精 (Po. formosanum (Hayata) Masamune & Simada) 自萎蕤 (Po. arisanense Hayata) 中分出。葉表皮形態在各屬間具有差別,且能夠提供一定程度的親緣訊息。研究類群的花粉形態多為單溝粒,外壁雕紋的型式與類群間有一定的關係,本研究亦發現溝的不同型式具有分類上的價值。核型分析的資訊在鈴蘭族及黃精族內具有屬間差異,對於沿階草族而言,雖然較少系統學上的意義,但族內具有多倍體現象,而綿棗兒 (Barnardia japonica (Thunb.) Schult. & Schult. f.) 在臺灣具有和其它地區類似的核型多樣性,在演化及生態上的意義,仍待後續研究闡明。從分子系統學的結果來看,佔臺灣產本科大多數種類的酒瓶蘭亞科 (Nolinoideae Burnett) 為一支持度高的單系群,其下的鈴蘭族 (Convallarieae)、沿階草族 (Ophiopogoneae Endl.) 及黃精族 (Polygonateae Benth.) 亦各自形成支持度良好的單系群,但各族間及族內各屬的親緣關係尚不明確,此為未來天門冬科系統學研究的重點之一。

Asparagaceae Juss. comprised 156 genera and over 2,500 species, distributed worldwidely (except polar regions). In this study, we reviewed Asparagaceae taxa in Taiwan, with morphology, epidermal morphology, pollen morphology, karyotype, distribution and phylogenetic analysis. We treated 13 genera and 23 species of Asparagaceae in Taiwan, including a new combination Rohdea chinensis (Baker) N. Tanaka var. watanabei (Hayata) Y. H. Tseng & C. T. Chao, lumping Disporopsis arisanensis Hayata as synonym of Do. pernyi (Hua) Diels, confirming the existence of Ophiopogon bodinieri H. Lev in Taiwan and separating from O. intermedius D. Don. The study didn''t support the lumping of Polygonatum chingshuishanianum S. S. Ying as a synonym of Heteropolygonatum altelobatum (Hayata) Y. H. Tseng & C. T. Chao, but did confirm the independent taxonomic status of Po. formosanum (Hayata) Masamune & Simada. The epidermal morphology provides evidence of genera classification and a certain extant of phylogenetic information. The pollen morphology of most species of Asparagaceae in Taiwan were monosulcate grains, exine sculpture and sulcus types provide systematic information of genera and species classification. Karyotype analysis supports the classification of genera within Convallarieae and Polygonateae, polyploidy was found in Ophiopogoneae species, Barnardia japonica (Thunb.) Schult. & Schult. f. showed high karyotype polymorphism. The significance of karyotype in ecology and evolution still need further study elucidate. Phylogenetic analysis support Nolinoideae Burnett as a high bootstrap support monophyletic group, Convallarieae, Ophiopogoneae and Polygonateae were also formed monophyletic group respectively. The inter- and intra- tribe relationship was still not clear, phylogenetic study of Nolinoideae will be an important issue in the future.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/95746
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