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標題: Tumor-associated NADH oxidase (tNOX)-NAD+-sirtuin 1 axis contributes to oxaliplatin-induced apoptosis of gastric cancer cells
作者: Chen, Huei-Yu
Cheng, Hsiao-Ling
Lee, Yi-Hui
Yuan, Tien-Ming
Chen, Shi-Wen
Lin, You-Yu
Chueh, Pin Ju
關鍵字: apoptosis;deacetylase;oxaliplatin;sirtuin 1 (SIRT1);tumor-associated NADH oxidase (tNOX or ENOX2);Acetylation;Antineoplastic Agents;Apoptosis;Blotting, Western;Cell Line, Tumor;Cell Proliferation;Down-Regulation;Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic;Humans;NAD;NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases;Organoplatinum Compounds;RNA Interference;Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction;Sirtuin 1;Stomach Neoplasms;Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
Project: Oncotarget, Volume 8, Issue 9, Page(s) 15338-15348.
Oxaliplatin belongs to the platinum-based drug family and has shown promise in cancer treatment. The major mechanism of action of platinum compounds is to form platinum-DNA adducts, leading to DNA damage and apoptosis. Accumulating evidence suggests that they might also target non-DNA molecules for their apoptotic activity. We explored the effects of oxaliplatin on a tumor-associated NADH oxidase (tNOX) in gastric cancer lines. In AGS cells, we found that the oxaliplatin-inhibited tNOX effectively attenuated the NAD+/NADH ratio and reduced the deacetylase activity of an NAD+-dependent sirtuin 1, thereby enhancing p53 acetylation and apoptosis. Similar results were also observed in tNOX-knockdown AGS cells. In the more aggressive MKN45 and TMK-1 lines, oxaliplatin did not inhibit tNOX, and induced only minimal apoptosis and cytotoxicity. However, the downregulation of either sirtuin 1 or tNOX sensitized TMK-1 cells to oxaliplatin-induced apoptosis. Moreover, tNOX-depletion in these resistant cells enhanced spontaneous apoptosis, reduced cyclin D expression and prolonged the cell cycle, resulting in diminished cancer cell growth. Together, our results demonstrate that oxaliplatin targets tNOX and SIRT1, and that the tNOX-NAD+-sirtuin 1 axis is essential for oxaliplatin-induced apoptosis.
DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.14787
Appears in Collections:生醫工程研究所

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