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標題: Study on the characterization and oral effect on alcohol metabolism by probiotic Lactobacillus brevis YW108 and the recombinant expression of human acetaldehyde dehydrogenase in Kluyveromyces lactis
植生型乳酸菌株Lactobacillus brevis YW108代謝酒精之特性,對口服酒精代謝之影響以及重組人類乙醛脫氫酶於酵母菌株Kluyveromyces lactis表現之研究
作者: Yi-Ying Tsai
關鍵字: 酒精;乙醛脫氫酶;酒精脫氫酶;酵母菌;kluyveromyces lactis GG799;Lactobacillus Brevis YW108;alcohol;aldehyde dehydrogenase;alcohol dehydrogenase;yeast;kluyveromyces lactis GG799;Lactobacillus Brevis YW108
引用: 顏銘漢、林可寰、薛文傑:容易忽略的併發症--酒精戒斷症候群,台灣醫界 2011;54:578-584。 葉娟美、廖祐毅,民105,Lactobacillus brevis YW108生化特性分析技術報告 蘇志強,盧勇誌,侯釋淵,林銘燈,民98,建立呼氣酒精測試器管理機制之研究 Almeida, C.M., Gomes, D., Faro, C., and Simoes, I. (2015). Engineering a cardosin B-derived rennet for sheep and goat cheese manufacture. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 99, 269–281. Amore, A., Amoresano, A., Birolo, L., Henrissat, B., Leo, G., Palmese, A., and Faraco, V. (2012). A family GH51 alpha-l-arabinofuranosidase from Pleurotus ostreatus: identification, recombinant expression and characterization. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 94, 995–1006. Anders, A., Lilie, H., Franke, K., Kapp, L., Stelling, J., Gilles, E.D., and Breunig, K.D. (2006). The galactose switch in Kluyveromyces lactis depends on nuclear competition between Gal4 and Gal1 for Gal80 binding. J. Biol. Chem. 281, 29337–29348. Barreiro, L.B., Laval, G., Quach, H., Patin, E., and Quintana-Murci, L. (2008). Natural selection has driven population differentiation in modern humans. 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現代人因為職場文化與飲食改變影響,工作忙碌經常外食,或為了工作而時常喝酒應酬,長久下來,因過度飲酒,容易導致隔天宿醉,沒有精神上班、工作效率差,又基因缺陷問題,部分東方人對於代謝乙醛(酒精代謝之中間物)的效率較差,主因為代謝乙醛的乙醛脫氫酶(Aldehyde dehydrogenase, ALDH)突變,導致代謝活性大幅降低。
最後,在重組人類乙醛脫氫酶於安全/食品級菌株之表現方面,實驗室先前研究,來自人類之乙醛脫氫酶,在原核微生物中雖可表現,但蛋白質摺疊可能與真核有差異,而未測得乙醛脫氫酶活性。因此,此部分將探討改選用酵母菌kluyveromyces lactis GG799這株真核表現系統,來進行乙醛脫氫酶的生產,但由於酵母菌訊息胜肽未被切除,使得蛋白無法分泌到胞外,而目前所表現的ALDH位在胞內不可溶的部位,未來將進一步純化分析。

The high fat and high alcohol diet culture of Asia people effects the public health in recent decade such as terrible hangover. Moreover, about a part of Asia people suffer from metabolizing acetaldehyde ( intermediate of alcohol metabolism ) due to the gene mutation. The main reason is the mutation of aldehyde dehydrogenase ( ALDH ) leading to dramatically drop of enzyme activity.
Previously, our lab screened a probiotic strain from fermented sour cabbage liquid and then analyzed the alcohol metabolism ability of screened strains, among all, Lactobacillus Brevis YW108 exhibited the best ability on alcohol metabolism. In the first part of this study, we examined the Lab produced levan and fructooligosaccharides as prebiotic to YW108 to choose a proper commercial wine for human trial. On the other hand, the tolerance of various commercially available wine with various alcohol concentration were analyzed. The pulm wine and whisky promoted the growth of YW108 and were choosen for human trials.
For human trial, the subjects were given a sufficient amount of YW108 and various wine to drink. Lion alcolmeter 400 and SGC analysis was performed to analyze the changes of ethanol and acetaldehyde in vivo.
In another part of this study, the expression of human recombinant acetaldehyde dehydrogenase was proceded by using yeast kluyveromyces lactis GG799 eukaryotic expression system. As the yeast signal peptide was not removed, the rALDH located in the intracellular insoluble fraction and need further investigation will be further purification analysis.
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