Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/96159
標題: 台灣水庫永續性評估系統之研究
A Study on Evaluation System for Reservoir Sustainability in Taiwan
作者: Chan-Ming Tsai
蔡展銘
關鍵字: 水資源;水庫規劃;永續指標;評估系統;水庫永續性。;Water resources;reservoir planning;sustainable indicators;evaluation system;reservoir sustainability.
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摘要: 
長久以來,水庫在臺灣為穩定供應公共給水水源之重要設施,然
由於可供興建水庫之優良壩址已逐漸減少,加上民眾環保意識高漲,
水庫興建已日益困難;且因地震、風災頻仍,使得既有水庫面臨淤積
而致庫容減少,又因集水區開發,致水源水質惡化等問題。水資源為
國家發展重要資源,亦為限制因子;為建構國家永續發展,因應社會
經濟持續發展下之用水需求,未來仍需興建水庫,惟在規劃水庫時,
應該著重於水庫之永續性,增進水庫效能與使用壽命,以提高水源運
用效益。為達此目的,乃提出水庫永續性評估系統架構,亦即水庫開
發及管理應考量系統防洪、流域整體土砂管理、區域水資源調配、河
川生態保育、優質水源維護以及效益及公平性等六個類別評估指標,
以符合環境保護、經濟發展及社會公義等三面向的要求,期能達到永
續發展之願景。同時,本研究定義永續水庫界定考量範疇,研訂十二
個評估指標項目並建立其支援規劃決策之操作程序,且進行規劃中及
既有之水庫的案例評估分析,以利後續應用於水庫計畫之規劃及更新
改善。最後經採本研究方法評估士文及鹿寮溪水庫之改善案例,其永
續性評估值(SCI)分別由 3.3 及 2.3 均提升為 3.7 及 3.41永續
性均評為「優質」的改善策略。

For many years, reservoirs have been serving as important facilities providing a stable source of public water in Taiwan. However,construction of new reservoirs becomes more difficult as the number of suitable sites for reservoirs dwindles while the public support for environmental conservation grows. Water is a key resource as well as a constraint for national development. To ensure sustainable national development and to meet social and economic demands, construction of new reservoirs would be inevitable in the future. However, planning of reservoirs must prioritize its sustainability. For this purpose an evaluation system for reservoir sustainability is proposed. The system consists of 12 indicators, grouped into 6 categories.The definition of each indicator, method of its index evaluation and the operational procedure for planning and decision-making supports are given. A case study of reservoir planning is provided for demonstration of applications.
Finally, For Shimen Reservoir before improvement, the sustainability score is 3.3 points, therefore, the sustainability is good .But after improvement, the sustainability score is 3.7 points, therefore, the
sustainability is approaching excellent . For Lu-Liao-His Reservoir before improvement, the sustainability score is 2.3 points, therefore, the sustainability is average .But after improvement, the sustainability score is 3.4 points, therefore, the sustainability is excellent .
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/96159
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2017-12-29起公開。
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