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標題: 水污泥與研磨製磚污泥產製輕質骨材之研究
Producing Lightweight Aggregates by Incorporating Tile Grinding Sludge with Reservoir Sediments
作者: Sheng-Nan Chang
關鍵字: 輕質骨材;水庫污泥;研磨污泥;淨水污泥;正交陣列;田口方法;lightweight aggregate;reservoir sludge;grinding sludge;water purification sludge;orthogonal array;Taguchi methods
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本研究另外亦應用田口優化方法,將研磨製磚污泥粉末結合水庫淤泥製造輕質骨材。本研究採用正交陣列,包括五項可控制四層級因素(即污泥含量、預熱溫度、預熱時間、燒結溫度及燒結時間)。以變異數分析方法探討實驗因素對製成輕質骨材的顆粒密度、吸水率、膨脹率及燒失量的影響。整體而言,製成骨材的顆粒密度介於0.43 至2.1 g/cm3而吸水率介於0.6%至13.4%之間。這些數值與一般及高性能輕質骨材的需求相若。本研究的結果顯示,將研磨製磚污泥結合水庫淤泥以製造高性能輕質骨材是相對可行的。

The main purpose of this study is to examine the feasibility of making lightweight aggregates (LWAs) with reservoir sediments or sludge, water purification (WP) sludge generated in water purification facilities (WPFs) and grinding sludge from brick making. Sludge was collected from reservoirs and WPFs in Taiwan for physical properties testing and chemical composition analysis. Then, the two types of sludge were included together with grinding sludge for firing tests in the lab for making of LWAs. The finished LWAs were tested for their physical and engineering properties.
Results show that WP sludge meets the requirements as a raw material of LWAs despite having larger particle diameters with a maximum up to 0.014 mm in wet periods due to higher raw water turbidity compared to dry periods. With a specific gravity in the range of 2.63 to 2.73 and in the form of silt or clay sediments, it is a suitable raw material for making of LWAs. With its chemical contents all falling within the appropriate ranges recommended by literature, it should be able to form LWAs.
Taguchi methods were also applied to combine grinding sludge from brick making with reservoir sediments for making of LWAs. For this, an orthogonal array was employed, which included five controllable four-level factors (i.e. sludge content, preheating temperature and time, sintering temperature and time). Analysis of variance was performed to investigate how these experimental factors affected the finished LAWs in terms of particle density, water absorption, expansion ratio and loss on ignition. Overall, the finished LAWs have particle density in the range of 0.43 to 2.1 g/cm3 and water absorption in the range of 0.6 to 13.4%. These values are comparable with requirements for general and high performance LAWs. These results indicate that it is relatively feasible to make high performance LWAs with the combination of grinding sludge from brick making and reservoir sediments.
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