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|標題:||Effects of application of silicon, Fenton's reagent and beneficial microbes on bacterial spot of tomato
|關鍵字:||番茄細菌性斑點病;矽;木黴菌;芽孢桿菌;Fenton試劑;bacterial spot of tomato;silicon;Trichoderma;Bacillus;Fenton's reagent||引用:||陸、參考文獻 吳雅芳、陳紹崇、彭瑞菊、黃淑惠、鄭安秀。2008。茄科細菌性斑點病病原細菌抗銅性之探討。台南區農業專訊 64 期。台南。 費雯綺、王喻其、陳富翔、林曉民、李貽華。2010。植物保護手冊－蔬菜篇。行政院農業委員會農業藥物毒物試驗所。台中。 黃德昌。2008。台灣作物細菌性病害防治要領。作物診斷與農藥安全使用技術手冊。p142-161。台中。 謝銀徳、陳鋒、何建軍與趙進財。2000。Photo-Fenton反應研究進展。感光科學與光化學。18(4):357-365。 Adatia, M. H., and R.T. Besford. 1986. The effects of silicon on cucumber plants grown in recirculating nutrient solution. Ann. Bot-London. 58:343-351. Ajilogba, C.F., and O.O. Babalola. 2013. Integrated management strategies for tomato Fusarium wilt. Biocontrol. Sci. 18:117-127. Ahmed, E., and S.J.M. Holmstrom. 2014. Siderophores in environmental research: roles and applications. Microb Biotechnol. 7:196-208. Amtmann, A., S. Troufflard and P. Armengaud. 2008. The effect ofpotassium nutrition on pest and disease resistance in plants. Physiol. Plant. 133:682-691. Benítez, T., A.M. Rincón, M.C. Limón and A.C. Codón. 2004. 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番茄在全球是消費量僅次於馬鈴薯的蔬菜，而細菌性斑點病為番茄的重要病害之一，且其病原菌之抗藥性逐漸攀升，成為番茄生產之難題。本研究探討矽肥、Fenton試劑及有益微生物在防治番茄細菌性斑點病之效應。研究結果顯示，NB中含有pH 10之矽酸鉀溶液可促進病原菌之生長，而當其噴施於番茄葉部時，可顯著抑制番茄細菌性斑點之發展，抑制率達36% 。而芽孢桿菌CHB310以及木黴菌CHF78 在培養基中皆能對病原菌產生抑制圈，番茄葉部噴施CHB310或CHF78可顯著抑制番茄細菌性斑點病之發展，接種病原菌前施用其病害防治率達35% 及45% 。此外，介質澆灌CHB310或CHF78亦可顯著抑制番茄細菌性斑點病之發展，接種病原菌前施用其抑制率達22% 及24% 。NB 中含有Fenton試劑並添加不同有機酸時，能大幅抑制病原菌之生長，而當噴施於番茄葉部時，亦可顯著降低茄細菌性斑點病之發展。矽酸鉀、CHB310以及CHF78之葉面噴施與介質澆灌共同施用，對番茄細菌性斑點病之抑制效應並無顯著加乘趨勢，但噴施CHB310或CHF78於葉表與介質澆灌矽酸鉀同時處理，可降低細菌性斑點病之發生並促進番茄植株在細菌性斑點病下之生長。綜上所述，葉部噴施矽酸鉀、Fenton試劑於葉部、或同時噴施CHB310或CHF78於葉表與介質澆灌矽酸鉀，可作為管理番茄性菌性斑點病之策略。
Tomato is one of the most important vegetables in the world, which ranks second to potato. Bacterial spot on tomato causes serious economic losses in Taiwan. The disease caused by Xanthomonas euvesicatoria, X. vesicatoria, X. perforans, and X. gardneri has been problematic due to their resistance to pesticides. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of application of silicon fertilization, Fenton's reagent and beneficial microorganisms on control of bacterial spot on tomato. Potassium silicate solution added into nutrient broth could promote the growth of X. perforans, but compared to the control it significantly reduced disease development up to 36% as tomato seedlings were sprayed with the solution. Bacillus sp. CHB310 and Trichoderma asperellum CHF78 significantly inhibited the growth of X. perforans in vitro, and foliar applications each of these two antagonists before inoculation of tomato seedlinds with X. perforans significantly reduced disease development up to 35% and 45%, respectively. In addition, growth medium applied with either CHB310 or CHF78 before inoculation with X. perforans could also significantly decrease disease development by 22% and 32%. Fenton's reagent amended with different organic acids added into nutrient broth could significantly inhibit the growth of the pathogen, and their foliar applications significantly inhibited disease development. The combined foliar and crown applications of respective potassium silicate, CHB310 and CHF78 did not significantly reduce disease severity as compared to their application alone. However, foliar spray of either CHB310 or CHF78 along with growth medium application of potassium silicate significantly reduced bacterial spot on tomato and enhanced tomato growth. In summary, foliar applications of respective potassium silicate and Fenton's reagent, and foliar sprays of either CHB310 or CHF78 along with growth medium application of potassium silicate may be used for control of bacterial spot on tomato.
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