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標題: 固定負荷下橢圓機運動之下肢肌群疲勞分析
Fatigue Analysis of Lower Limb Muscle Group Using Elliptical Machine with Constant Loading
作者: 謝清迦
Ching-Chia Hsieh
關鍵字: 橢圓機;肌電訊號;股直肌;中位數頻率;疲勞時間;elliptical machine;EMG signal;rectus femoris;median frequency;fatigue timing
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The elliptical machine is one of the most popular sports equipment for cardiorespiratory fitness training. In recent years, it is widely used in the family and the gymnasium.
Therefore, it is necessary for further discussion about the movements of the elliptical machine, and various levels of the lower-limb muscular fatigue using the elliptical machine in various strengths. The research collected the electromyography (EMG) signal of lower limb muscles, and used the commercially available software to analyze the possible timing that the fatigue appeared. The research applied this system to analyze the lower-limb muscular fatigue when using the elliptical machine with a constant resistance. It compiled the relevant literature, developed the experimental methods and analyzed the results. The subjects of this research arranged ten young people who used elliptical machines for the first time. They carried the EMG and pedaled in a nature way. Then, Fourier transform was applied for all collected data, and the median frequency was calculated from 80% of the maximum value of the mild fatigue. The result showed that 60% of subject's rectus muscle had been fatigued first.
As a result, when using the elliptical machine, it was much easier to use the muscles of the front thigh and get tired. Most of the fatigue occurred from overusing the lower limb muscle. By understanding the biomechanics of the elliptical machine, it could improve or reduce the fatigue and injuries during exercise. The system can analyze the fatigue timing as well. The fatigue analysis results could help elliptical machine users to avoid injuries, and increasing the efficiency of elliptical training.
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