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Simultaneous Wireless Power Charging and Data Transfer for Electric Vehicles
|關鍵字:||電磁感應;無線充電;同時無線能量及資料傳送;電動車;換流器;零電壓切換;Electromagnetic Induction;Wireless power transfer;Simultaneous power data transmission;Electric vehicle;Inverter;Zero voltage switch.||引用:|| “Faraday''s law of induction,” en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faraday_law_of_induction.  Sadiku, M. N. O. (2014). Elements of Electromagnetics (6th ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 869. ISBN13：9780199321384.  Rao N. N., Elements of Engineering Electromagnetics (6th ed.). Prentice Hall. p.788. ISBN13：9780131139619.  Morgan K. Ampere’s Law. physnet.org/modules/pdf_modules/m138.pdf  A. Zaheer, G. A. Covic and D. Kacprzak, “A Bipolar Pad in a 10-kHz 300-W Distributed IPT System for AGV Applications,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 61, no. 7, pp. 3288-3301, Jun. 2014.  F. Lu, H. Zhang, H. Hofmann and C. C. Mi, “A Dynamic Charging System With Reduced Output Power Pulsation for Electric Vehicles,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 63, no. 10, pp. 6580-6590, Oct. 2016.  C. Zheng, H. Ma, J. S. Lai and L. 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The battery charging in traditional electric vehicles is the need to plug in charging devices. Therefore, this thesis proposes a wireless battery charging method, which utilize electromagnetic induction to transfer power from grid (primary side) to vehicle (secondary side). Owing to two side are isolated the charger develop wireless communication for convenience.
The data related to the battery status, the vehicle ID code, or emergency messages to be simultaneously transferred between the grid and vehicle. The communication task use a novel, convenient, and low-cost data technology attachment instead of traditional RF equipment. The power and data transfer were implemented by the same operation frequency, circuit, electromagnetic induction equipment.
The secondary unit transfers data by adjusting current of load, and the primary unit receives data based on the zero-voltage switching (ZVS) method. The primary unit transfers command by trimming the current’s curve and the secondary unit receives command and make decoding using the period of carrier wave
Furthermore, the proposed mechanism is capable of stopping immediately, in the case of contingencies such as overcharge voltage or current. Operation is a benefit for both efficiency and safety during the charging process. The bidirectional data transfer via mutual between two sides, and data are not broadcast in air. The system communication supports safety and no interference.
Our design has been well verified via a variety of real-world tests which result max. 86% for efficiency, max, 98% for communication quality, and no use RF equipment.
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