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標題: 具有適應互感變動之車用無線充電系統
Design of A Wireless Vehicle Charging System Adapted to Mutual Inductance Variation
作者: 簡皓仙
Hau-Shian Jian
關鍵字: 電磁感應;無線充電;同時無線能量及資料傳送;電動車;模糊邏輯控制;車輛對準;Electromagnetic Induction;Wireless power transfer;Simultaneous power and data transmission;Electric vehicle;Fuzzy logic;coil misalignment.
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[5] Chun T. Rim; Chris Mi, 'Theories for Inductive Power Transfer (IPT),' in Wireless Power Transfer for Electric Vehicles and Mobile Devices , 1, Wiley-IEEE Press, 2017, pp.632 [6] D. Arnitz and M. S. Reynolds, 'MIMO Wireless Power Transfer for Mobile Devices,' in IEEE Pervasive Computing, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 36-44, Oct.-Dec. 2016. [7] Q. Zhu, L. Wang, Y. Guo, C. Liao and F. Li, 'Applying LCC Compensation Network to Dynamic Wireless EV Charging System,' in IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 63, no. 10, pp. 6557-6567, Oct. 2016. [8] S. G. Cimen and B. Schmuelling, 'A dynamic model of the bidirectional inductive power transfer system for electric vehicles,' 2014 16th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications, Lappeenranta, 2014, pp. 1-7. [9] U. K. Madawala, and D. J. Thrima with ana, “A bidirectional inductive power interface for electric vehicles in V2G systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 58, no. 10, pp. 4789–4796, Oct. 2011. [10] T. Bieler, M. Perrottet, V. Nguyen, and Y. Perriard, “Wireless power and data transmission,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 1266–1272, Sep. 2002. [11] C. C. Huang, C. L. Lin and Y. K. Wu, 'Simultaneous Wireless Power/Data Transfer for Electric Vehicle Charging,' in IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 682-690, Jan. 2017. [12] L. Zhao, S. Ruddell, D. J. Thrimawithana, U. K. Madawala and P. A. Hu, 'A hybrid wireless charging system with DDQ pads for dynamic charging of EVs,' 2017 IEEE PELS Workshop on Emerging Technologies: Wireless Power Transfer (WoW), Chongqing, China, 2017, pp. 1-6.z [13] F. Corti, F. Grasso, A. Reatti, A. Ayachit, D. K. Saini and M. K. Kazimierczuk, 'Design of class-E ZVS inverter with loosely-coupled transformer at fixed coupling coefficient,' IECON 2016 - 42nd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Florence, 2016, pp. 5627-5632. [14] Y. Gao, A. Ginart, K. B. Farley and Z. T. H. Tse, 'Uniform-gain frequency tracking of wireless EV charging for improving alignment flexibility,' 2016 IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), Long Beach, CA, 2016, pp. 1737-1740. [15] Y. Gao, Z. T. H. Tse and A. Ginart, 'Analytical method for mutual inductance and optimum frequency calculation in a series-series compensated inductive power transfer system,' 2017 IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), Tampa, FL, 2017, pp. 3720-3722 [16] A. D. Yaghjian, 'What did maxwell do and how did he do it: An overview of Maxwell''s treatise,' 2015 1st URSI Atlantic Radio Science Conference (URSI AT-RASC), Gran Canaria, Spain, 2015, pp. 1-1. [17] N. I. Heenan, 'Efficient transfer of power by microwave beam,' in Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 52, no. 6, pp. 735-736, June 1964. [18] H. Hwang, J. Moon, B. Lee, C. h. Jeong and S. w. Kim, 'An analysis of magnetic resonance coupling effects on wireless power transfer by coil inductance and placement,' in IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 203-209, May 2014. [19] C. M. Apostoaia and M. Cernat, 'The inductive power transfer system for electric vehicles,' 2017 International Conference on Optimization of Electrical and Electronic Equipment (OPTIM) & 2017 Intl Aegean Conference on Electrical Machines and Power Electronics (ACEMP), Brasov, Romania, 2017, pp. 214-220. ngage Learning, 2005. [20] J. Schneider, 'SAE J2954 overview and path forward,' ed , 2013. [21] M. Kerber, B. Offord and A. Phipps, 'Design considerations for an active rectifier circuit for bidirectional wireless power transfer,' 2017 IEEE Wireless Power Transfer Conference (WPTC), Taipei, 2017, pp. 1-4. [22] J. Y. Lee and B. M. Han, 'A Bidirectional Wireless Power Transfer EV Charger Using Self-Resonant PWM,' in IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 1784-1787, April 2015. [23] H. L. Chan, K. W. E. Cheng and D. Sutanto, 'A simplified Neumann''s formula for calculation of inductance of spiral coil,' 2000 Eighth International Conference on Power Electronics and Variable Speed Drives (IEE Conf. Publ. No. 475), London, 2000, pp. 69-73.
目前在電動車無線傳輸領域內有兩項較為新穎的技術,分別是雙向無線電力傳輸及雙向數據傳輸。雙向無線電力傳輸允許車輛充電並供電給其他系統; 雙向數據傳輸給予充電站與電動車間彼此溝通的能力而不用任何附加的通信設備。兩項技術皆對於傳輸端與接收端間線圈相對位置敏感,然而傳輸線圈和接收器線圈之間的未對準會導致輸出功率下降,這種線圈不對稱的問題將嚴重影響電力傳輸效率、功率。
本論文於考慮線圈未對準問題下設計具有適應互感變動之雙向無線電力傳輸與雙向數據傳輸系統,並採用模糊規則來控制系統當線圈有未對準的情況。本論文採用SAE TIR 2954所推薦的頻率,傳輸頻率控制在85 KHz左右(81.3K-90KHz).

In the past ten years, scholars from all over the world have developed results and related applications in the research and application of wireless charging, applications of wireless charging in the electric vehicles plays an important role in industrial and commercial development. In the electric vehicle charging technology, a major research trend is to adopt loosely coupled inductive power transfer in the electric vehicles.
There are two novel techniques in wireless power transfer region, bidirectional wireless power transfer and bidirectional data transmission. The capability of bidirectional wireless power transfer allows vehicles to be charged and provide charge to other systems; the capability of bidirectional data transmission allows WPT system charging without any additional communication device. Both of them are sensitive to precisely coil align. Due to misalignment between the transmission coil and the receiver coil, the output power might result in a drop. This misalignment problem will seriously affect the power transmission efficiency, communication quality.
This thesis analyzes and designs the coil misalignment problem and using fuzzy rule to solved coil misalignment problem under the system combining bidirectional wireless power transfer with the bidirectional data transmission. The system operates the switch frequency around 85 KHz, as recommended by SAE TIR 2954
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