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An Advanced Sensorless Integrated Driving and Braking Control System for Electric Bikes
|關鍵字:||占空比;脈衝寬度調變效應;無感測器電磁剎車系統;防鎖死剎車;馬達反電動勢;Duty Cycle;Pulse Width Modulation;Sensorless Electromagnetic Braking System;Anti-lock Braking System;Back Electromotive Force||引用:|| Hongsik Hwang, Dongjae Kim, Cheewoo Lee and Hur Jin, “Torque ripple reduction in a flux-switching permanent magnet machine targeted at elevator door applications by minimizing space harmonics,” Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), pp. 1-5, 2016.  T. -L. Chern, L. -H. Liu, P. -I. Pan, T. -M. Huang, D. -M. Tsay, J. -H. Kuang, L. -J. Chen, “Digital signal processing-based sensor-less permanent magnet synchronous motor driver with quasi-sine pulse-width modulation for air-conditioner rotary compressor,” IET Electric Power Applications, vol. 6, no.6, pp. 302-309, 2012.  Pragati K. Sharma and A. S. 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Fujimoto, “Slip ratio estimation and regenerative brake control without detection of vehicle velocity and acceleration for electric vehicle at urgent brake-turning,” 11th IEEE International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control (AMC), pp. 273–278, 2010.||摘要:||
本論文旨為開發一種無感測器之電磁剎車控制系統，該系統運用磁場導向控制技術(Field Oriented Control; FOC)將驅動與剎車單元整合於一個控制器上，並加入防鎖死剎車系統(Anti-lock Braking System; ABS)，使剎車效果能保持在最佳的性能。永磁無刷同步馬達的驅動與剎車控制已經完成，並將其應用於電動自行車上。關於剎車部分，本文開發了一種具有較大剎車力道之電磁反轉剎車系統，而該電磁剎車可以透過改變脈衝寬度調變效應(Pulse Width Modulation; PWM)的占空比(Duty Cycle)大小，來調整驅動級晶體的開關狀態以調整制動力。此外，由於本文所提出之電磁剎車系統所需的制動能量僅僅與馬達內部所產生之反電動勢(back-EMF)有關，故亦可讓騎乘者自行決定剎車力量的強度，或是在較高速度時能確實剎停，此設計更可確保行車安全性。所提出的系統已實際實現於一商用電動自行車，並且已經通過實驗驗證，效果十分良好。
This thesis aims to develop a sensorless electromagnetic braking control system that uses Field Oriented Control (FOC) to integrate the driving and braking units into a single controller. With the application of anti-lock braking system (ABS), the braking effect can be maintained at the best performance. The control of drive and brake of permanent magnet brushless synchronous motors had been completed and applied to electric bikes. For the braking section, an electromagnetic reversely braking system having a larger braking force is developed which can change the switching state of the MOSFETs by alternating the duty cycle of pulse width modulation (PWM) to adjust the braking force. In addition, since the braking energy required for the electromagnetic braking system proposed here is related only to the back electromotive force (back-EMF) generated inside the motor, riders can determine the strength of the braking force by themselves or electric bike can be actually stopped at a higher speed for the safety design of driving. The proposed integrated sensorless driving and electromagnetic braking system have been practically realized, the results have been verified by experiments and the effect is good.
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