Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
標題: 新創公司之創業導向、組織餘裕資源、雙元性創新對組織績效影響之研究-以吸收能力及關係資本為干擾變數
The Effect of Entrepreneurial Orientation, Organizational Slack, Ambidextrous Innovation and Organization Performance on Starup-Absorptive Capability and Relational Capital as Moderators
作者: 曾為國
Wei-Kuo Tseng
關鍵字: 新創公司;創業導向;組織資源餘裕;雙元性創新;關係資本;吸收能力;Start-up Company;Entrepreneurial Orientation;Organizational Slack;Dual Innovation;Relationship Capital;Absorptive capacity
引用: Abernathy, W. J., and Clark, K. (1985). Mapping the Winds of Creative Destruction. Research Policy, 14, 3-22. Adler, P. S., and Kwon, S. W. (2002). Social Capital: Prospects for a New Concept. Academy of Management Review, 27(1), 17-40. Agarwal, R., and Selen, W. (2009). Dynamic Capability Building in Service Value Networks for Achieving Service Innovation. Decision Sciences, 40(3), 431-475. Almahendra, R., and Ambos, B. (2015). Exploration and Exploitation: A 20-Year Review of Evolution and Reconceptualisation. International Journal of Innovation Management, 19(1), 1-31. Argyris, C. (1976). Increasing Leadership Effectiveness. NewYork: Wiley-Interscience. Armstrong, J. S., and Overton, T. S. (1977). Estimating Nonresponse Bias in Mail Surveys. Journal of Marketing Research, 14, 396-402. Arora, A., and Gambardella, A. (1994). The Changing Technology of Technological Change: General and Abstract Knowledge and The Division of Innovative Labour. Research Policy, 23(5), 523-532. Athreye, S. (2005). The Indian Software industry and its evolving service capability. Industrial and Corporate Change, 14(3), 393-418. Atik, H. (2005). Yenilik ve Ulusal Rekabet Gücü. Ankara: Detay Yayıncılık. Attuahene-Gima, K., and Ko, A. (2001). An Empirical Investigation of the Effect of Market Orientation and Entrepreneurship Orientation Alignment on Product Innovation. Organization Science, 12(1), 54-74. Atuahene-Gima, K. (2005). Resolving the Capability-Rigidity Paradox in New Product Innovation. Journal of Marketing, 69(4), 61-83. Atuahene-Gima, K., and Murray, J. (2007). Exploratory and Exploitative Learning in New Product Development: A Social Capital Perspective in New Technology Ventures in China. Journal ofInternational Marketing, 15(2), 1-29. Aulakh, P. S., Cavusgil, S. T., Echambadi, R., and Sarkar, M. R. (2001). The Influence of Complementarity, Compatibility, and Relationship Capital on Alliance performance. Academy of Marketing Science Journal, 29(4), 358-374. Avlonitisa, G. J., and Salavoub, H. E. (2007). Entrepreneurial Orientation of SMEs, Product Innovativeness, and Performance. Journal of Business Research, 60(5), 566-575. Bagozzi, R. P., and Yi, Y. (1988). On the Evaluation of Structural Equation Models. Academic of Marketing Science, 16 (1), 76-94. Baker, W. E., and Sinkula, J. M. (2009). The Complementary Effects of Market Orientation and Entrepreneurial Orientation on Profitability in Small Businesses. Journal of Small Business Management, 47(4), 443-464. Bapuji, H., and Crossan, M. (2004). From Questions to Answers: Reviewing Organizational Learning Research. Management Learning, 35(4), 397-417. Barney, J. B. (1991). Firm Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage. Journal of Management, 17(1), 99-120. Barta, W. D., Shelton, D., Cepelak, C., and Gallagher, C. (2016). Promoting a Sustainable Academic-correctional Health Partnership: Lessons for Systemic Action Research. System Practice Action Research, 29(1), 27–50. Becker, W., and Peters, J. (2000). Technological Opportunities, Absorptive Capacities and Innovation. The Eighth International Joseph A. Schumpeter Society Conference Centre for Research in Innovation and Competition(CRIC), University Manchester. Benner, M. J., and Tushman, M. L. (2002). Process Management and Technological Innovation: A Longitudinal Study of the Photography and Paint Industries. Administrative Science Quarterly, 47, 676-706 Benner, M. J., and Tushman, M. L. (2003). Exploitation, Exploration, and Process Management: The Productivity Dilemma Revisited. Academy of Management Review, 28, 238-256. Bhuian, S. N., Menguc, B., and Bell, S. J. (2005). Just Entrepreneurial Enough: The Moderating Effect of Entrepreneurship on The Relationship between Market Orientation and Performance. Journal of Business Research, 58, 9-17. Bierly, P. E. III., Damanpour, F., and Santoro, M. D. (2009). The Application of External Knowledge: Organizational Conditions for Exploration and Exploitation. Journal of Management Studies, 46(3), 481-509. Bordonaba-Juste, V., and Polo-Redondo, Y. (2008). Differences between Short and Long-Term Relationships: An Empirical Analysis in Franchise Systems. Journal of Strategic Marketing, 16(4), 327-354. Boso, N., Story, V. M., and Cadogan, J. W. (2013). Entrepreneurial Orientation, Market Orientation, Network Ties, and Performance: Study of Entrepreneurial Firms in a Developing Economy. Journal of Business Venturing, 28(6), 708-727. Bourgeois, L. J. (1981). On the Measurement of Organizational Slack. Academy of Management Review, 6, 29-39. Bourgeois, L. J., and Singh, J. V. (1983). Organizational Slack and Political Behavior within Top Management Groups. Academy of Management Proceedings, 43-49. Bowman, C., and Ambrosini, V. (2003). How the Resource-Based and the Dynamic Capability Views of the Inform Corporate-Level Strategy. British Journal of Management, 14(4), 289-303. Brown, D. H. (2000). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. (4th ed.). New York: Longman. 49-58. Busenitz, L.W., and Lau, C. (1996). A Cross-Cultural Cognitive Model of New Venture Creation. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 20(4), 25-39. Calantone, R. J., Cavusgil, S. T., and Zhao, Y. (2002). Learning Orientation, Firm Innovation Capability, and Firm Performance. Industrial Marketing Management, 31(6), 515-524. Cassiman, B., and Veugelers, R. (2002). R&D Cooperation and Spilllovers: Some Empirical Evidence from Belgium. American Economic Review, 29, 1169-1184. Cavusgil, S., Calantone, R., and Zhao, Y. (2003). Tacit Knowledge Transfer and Firm Innovation Capability. Journal of Business and Industrial Marketing, 18(1), 6-21. Certo, T. S., Moss, T. W., and Short, J. (2009). Entrepreneurial Orientation: An Applied Perspective. Business Horizons, 52, 319-324. Chandy, R. K., and Tellis, G. (1998). Organizing for Radical Product Innovation: The Overlooked Role of Willingness to Cannibalize. Journal of Marketing Research, 35 (November), 474-488. Cheng, J. L. C., and Kesner, I. F. (1997). Organizational Slack and Response to Environmental Shifts: The Impact of Resource Allocation Patterns. Journal of Management, 23, 1-18. Chesbrough, H. W. (2003). The Era of Open Innovation. MIT Sloan Management Review, 35-41. Chesbrough, H. W. (2003). Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology. Boston, Mass: Harvard Business School Press. Child, J. (1972). Organizational Structure, Environment and Performance: The Role of Strategic Choice. Sociology, 6, 1-22. Chow, I. H. (2006). The Relationship between Entrepreneurial Orientation and Firm Performance in China. S A.M. Advanced Management Journal, 71(3), 11-20. Churchman, C. W. (1971). The Design of Inquiring Systems: Basic Concepts of Systems and Organization. New York: Basic Books. Cockburn, I. M. and Henderson, R. M. (1998). Absorptive Capacity, Coauthoring Behavior and The Organization of Research in Drug Discovery. The Journal of Industrial Economics, 46(2), 157-182. Cohen, W. M., and Levinthal, D. A. (1990). Absorptive Capacity: A New Perspective on Learning and Innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35(1), 128-152. Cohen, W., and Levinthal, D. (1989). Innovation and Learning: The Two Faces of R&D. Economic Journal, 99, 569-596. Coleman, J. S. (1988). Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital. American Journal of Sociology, 94, 95-121. Conner, K. R. (1991). A Historical Comparison of Resource-Based Theory and Five Schools of Thought within Industrial Organization Economics: Do We Have a New Theory of Firms? Journal of Management, 17(1), 121-154. Cordero, R. (1990). The Measurement of Innovation Performance in the Firm: An Overview. Research Policy, 19(2), 185-192. Covin, J. G., and Lumpkin, G. T. (2011). Entrepreneurial Orientation Theory and Research: Reflections on a Needed Construct. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 35(5), 855-872. Covin, J. G., and Miles, M. P. (1999). Corporate Entrepreneurship and The Pursuit of Competitive Advantage. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 23(3), 47-63. Covin, J. G., and Slevin, D. P. (1989). Strategic Management of Small Firms in Hostile and Benign Environments. Strategic Management Journal, 10, 75-87. Covin, J. G., and Slevin, D. P. (1991). A Conceptual Model of Entrepreneurship as Firm Behavior. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 1(September), 7-25. Covin, J. G., Green, K. M., and Slevin, D. P. (2006). Strategic Process Effects on The Entrepreneurial Orientation-sales Growth Rate Relationship. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 30(1), 57-81. Covin, J. G., Slevin, D. P., and Schultz, R. L. (1994). Implementing Strategic Missions: Effective Strategic, Structural, and Tactical Choices. Journal of Management Studies, 31(4), 481-503. Cristina, Q. G., and Carlos, A. B. V. (2008). Innovative Competence, Exploration and Exploitation: The Influence of Technological Diversification. Research Policy, 37(3), 492-507. Crook, T. R., Combs, J. G., and Shook, C. L. (2005). The Dimensionality of Organizational Performance and its Implications for Strategic Management Research. Research Methodology in Strategy and Management, 2, 259-286. Cyert, R., and March, J. (1963). A Behavioral Theory of the Firm. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Damanpour, F., Walker, R. R., and Avellaneda, C. N. (2009). Combinative Effects of Innovation Types and Organizational Performance: A Longitudinal Study of Service Organizations. Journal of Management Studies, 46(4), 650-675. Danneels, E. (2002). The Dynamics of Product Innovation and Firm Competences. Strategic Management Journal, 23, 1095-1121. Davidsson, P., and Wiklund, J. (2001). Levels of Analysis in Entrepreneurship Research: Current Research Practice and Suggestions for the Future. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 25(4), 81-100. Dawes, J. (1999). The Relationship between Subjective and Objective Company Performance Measures in Market Orientation Research: Further Empirical Evidence. Marketing Bulletin, 10, 65-75. De Visser, M., and Faems, D. (2015). Exploration and Exploitation within Firms: The Impact of CEOs' Cognitive Style on Incremental and Radical Innovation Performance. Creativity and Innovation Management, 24(3), 359-372. Denis, D. J., Denis, D. K., and Sarin, A. (1999). Agency Theory and the Influence of Equity Ownership Structure on Corporate Diversification Strategies. Strategic Management Journal, 20(11), 1071-1076. Dess, G. G., and Lumpkin, G. T. (2005). The Role of Entrepreneurial Orientation in Stimulating Effective Corporate Entrepreneurship. Academy of Management Executive, 19(1), 147-156. Dess, G. G., Lumpkin, G. T., and Covin, J. G. (1997). Entrepreneurial Strategy Making and Firm Performance: Tests of Contingency and Configurational Models. Strategic Management Journal, 18, 677-695. DiBella, A. J., and Nevis, E. C. (1998). How Organizations Learn: An Integrated Strategy for Building Learning Capability. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Dibella, A. J., Nevis, E. C., and Gould, J. M. (1996). Understanding Organizational Learning Capability. Journal of Management Study, 33(3), 361-379. Dimick, D. E., and Murray, V. V. (1978). Correlates of Substantiative Policy Decisions in Organisations: The Case of Human Resource Management. Academy of Management Journal, 21(4), 611-623. Dimitratos, P., Lioukas, S., and Carter, S. (2004). The Relationship between Entrepreneurship and International Performance: The Importance of The Domestic Environment. International Business Review, 13(1), 19-41. Dooley, R. S., and Fryxell, G. E. (1999). Attaining Decision Quality and Commitment from Dissent: The Moderating Effects of Loyalty and Competence in Strategic Decision-Making Teams. Academy of Management Journal, 42(4), 389–402. Drucker, P. F. (1985). Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Practice and Principles. New York: Harper & Row. Chicago (Author-Date, 15th ed.). Duncan, R. B. (1976). The Ambidextrous Organization: Designing Dual Structures for Innovation. R. H. Kilmann, L. R. Pondy, D. Slevin, eds. The Management of Organization Design, North-Holland, New York, 167-188. Dyer, J. H., and Singh, H. (1998). The Relational View: Cooperative Strategy and Sources of Interorganizational Competitive Advantage. Academy of Management Review, 23(4), 660-679. Eisenhardt, K. M., and Martin, J. A. (2000). Dynamic Capabilities: What are they? Strategic Management Journal, 21(10/11), 1105-1121. Ejdys, J. (2016). Entrepreneurial Orientation vs. Innovativeness of Small and Medium Size Enterprises. Journal of Engineering, Project, and Production Management, 6(1), 13-24. Ellis, H. C. (1965). The Transfer of Leaming. New York: MacMiBan. Escribano, A., Fosfuri, A., and Tribo, J. A. (2009). Managing External Knowledge Flows: The Moderating Role of Absorptive Capacity. Research Policy, 38(1), 96-105. Firkin, P. (2001). Entrepreneurial Capital: A Resource-based Conceptualisation of the Entrepreneurial Process, Working Paper No. 7, Labour Market and Dynamics Research Programme, Albany and Palmerston North. Fleming, L., and Sorenson, O. (2004). Science as a Map in Technological Research. Strategic Management Journal, 25, 909-928. Ford, C. M., and Dennis, A. G. (2000). Factors Influencing Creativity in the Domain of Managerial Decision Making. Journal of Management, 26(4), 705-732. Foreby, F., Tammisto, M., and Åberg, R. (2016). Exploration and Exploitation Activities in Start-ups: The Role of Network Participation. Lund University Press, Lund. Fornell, C. R., and Larcker, F. F. (1981). Structural Equation Models with Unobservable Variables and Measurement Error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18, 39-51. Fosfuri, A., and Tribo, J. A. (2008). Exploring the Antecedents of Potential Absorptive Capacity and Its Impact on Innovation Performance. Omega, 36, 173-187. Freeman, J., and Engel, J. S. (2007). Models of Innovation: Startups and Mature Corporations. California Management Review, 50(1), 94-119. Friedman, V. J., Lipshitz, R., and Popper, M. (2005). The Mystification of Organizational Learning. Journal of Management Inquiry, 14(1), 19-30. Fukuyama, F. (1995). Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity. New York: Free Press. García‐Morales, V. J., Llorens‐Montes, F. J., and Verdú‐Jover, A. J. (2006). Antecedents and Consequences of Organizational Innovation and Organizational Learning in Entrepreneurship. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 106(1), 21-42. Geiger, S. W., and Cashen, L. H. (2002). A Multidimensional Examination of Slack and its Impact on Innovation. Journal of Managerial Issues, 14(1), 68-84. Geiger, S.W., and Makri, M. (2006). Exploration and Exploitation Innovation Processes: the Role of Organizational Slack in R&D Intensive Firms. Journal of High Technology Management Research, 17(1), 97-108. George, B. A., and Marino, L. (2011). The Epistemology of Entrepreneurial Orientation: Conceptual Formation, Modeling, and Operationalization. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 35(5), 989-1024. George, G., Zahra, S. A., Wheatley, K. K., and Khan, R. (2001). The Effects of Alliance Portfolio Characteristics and Absorptive Capacity on Performance: A Study of Biotechnology Firms. Journal of High Technology Management Research, 12, 205-226. Geringer, J. M., and Hebert, L. (1991). Measuring Performance of International Joint Ventures. Journal of International Business Studies, 22(2), 249-263. Ghoshal, S., and Moran, P. (1996). Bad for Practice: A Critique of the Transaction Cost Theory. Academy of Management Review, 21(1), 13-47. Gibson, C. B., and Birkinshaw, J. (2004). The Antecedents, Consequences, and Mediating Role of Organizational Ambidexterity. Academy of Management Journal, 47(2), 209-226. Giuliani, E., Pietrobelli, C. and Rabellotti, R. (2003). Upgrading in global value chains: Lessons from LatinAmerican clusters. World Development, 33(4), 549-573. Govindarajan, V. (2006). Reasons Why India Can Innovate? Business World, July 3. Grant, R. M. (1996). Prospering in Dynamically-Competitive Environments: Organizational Capability as Knowledge Integration. Organization Science, 7(4), 375-387. Gray, C. (2006). Absorptive Capacity, Knowledge Management and Innovation in Entrepreneurial Small Firms. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 12(6), 345-360. Gulati, R. (1999). Network Location and Learning: The Influence of Network Resources and Firm Capabilities on Alliance Formation. Strategic Management Journal, 20(5), 397-420. Gupta, A. K., Smith, K. G., and Shalley, C. E. (2006). The Interplay between Exploration and Exploitation. Academy of Management Journal, 49(4), 639-706. Hair, J., Black, W., Babin, B., Anderson, R., and Tatham, R. (2006). Multivariate Data Analysis. 6th Edition, Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River. Hakala, H. (2011). Strategic Orientations in Management Literature: Three Approaches to Understanding The Interaction between Market, Technology, Entrepreneurial and Learning Orientations. International Journal of Management Reviews, 13(2), 199-217. Han, J. K., Kim, H., and Srivastava, R. K. (1998). Market Orientation and Organizational Performance: Is Innovation a Missing Link? Journal of Marketing, 62, 3-45. Hanvanich, S., Sivakumar, K., and Hult, G. T. M. (2006). The Relationship of Learning and Memory with Organizational Performance: The Moderating Role of Turbulence. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 34(4), 600-612. Hayter, C. S. (2013). Conceptualizing Knowledge-based Entrepreneurship Networks: Perspectives from the Literature. Small Business Economics, 41(4), 899-911. He, Z., and Wong, P. (2004). Exploration and Exploitation: An Empirical Test of The Ambidexterity Hypothesis. Organization Science, 15(4), 481-494. Helfat, C. E., Finkelstein, S., Mitchell, W., and Peteraf, M. A. (2007). Dynmaic Capabilities: Understanding Strategic Change in Organizations. Oxford, U. K.: Blackwell. Henderson, R., and Cockburn, I. M. (1994). Measuring Competence? Exploring Firm Ef- fects in Pharmaceutical Research. Strategic Management Journal, 15, 63-84. Herold, D. M., Jayaraman, N., and Narayanaswamy, C. R. (2006). What is the Relationship hetween Organizational Slack and Innovation? Journal of Managerial Issues, 18(3), 372-392. Hoang, H., and Antoncic, B. (2003). Network-Based Research in Entrepreneurship: A Critical Review. Journal of Business Venturing, 18(2), 165-187. Hoang, H., and Rothaermel, F. T. (2010). Leveraging Internal and External Experience: Exploration, Exploitation, and R&D Project Performance. Strategic Management Journal, 31(7), 734-758. Hogan, S. J., Soutar, G. N., McColl-Kennedy, J. R., and Sweeney, J. C. (2011). Reconceptualizing Professional Service Firm Innovation Capability: Scale Development. Industrial Marketing Management, 40, 1264-1273. Hoonsopon, D., and Ruenrom, G. (2012). The Impact of Organizational Capabilities on the Development of Radical and Incremental Product Innovation and Product Innovation Performance. Journal of Management Issues, 24(3), 250-276. Hoopes, D. G., Madsen, T. L., and Walker, G. (2003). Guest Editors' Introduction to the Special Issue: why is there a Resource-based View? Toward a Theory of Competitive Heterogeneity. Strategic Management Journal, 24, 889-902. Huang, K. F., Lin, K. H., Wu, L. Y., and Yu, P. H. (2015). Absorptive Capacity and Autonomous R&D Climate Roles in Firm Innovation. Journal of Business Research, 68(1), 87-94. Huber, G. P. (1991). Organizational Learning: The Contributing Processes and The Literatures. Organization Science, 2, 88-115. Hughes, M., and Morgan, R. E. (2007). Deconstructing The Relationship between Entrepreneurial Orientation and Business Performance at The Embryonic Stage of Frm Growth. Industrial Marketing Management, 36(5), 651-661. Hult, G. T. M., Hurley, R. F., and Knight, G. A. (2004). Innovativeness: Its Antecedents and Impact on Business Performance. Industrial Marketing Management, 33(5), 429-438. Hult, G. T., Hurley, R. F., Giunipero, L. C., and Nichols Jr, E. L. (2000). Organizational Learning in Global Purchasing: A Model and Test of Internal Users and Corporate Buyers. Decision Science, 31(2), 293-325. Hung, R. Y. Y., Yang, B., Lien, B. Y. H., McLean, G. N., and Kuo, Y. M. (2010). Dynamic Capability: Impact of Process Alignment and Organizational Learning Culture on Performance. Journal of World Business, 45(3), 285-294. Hurley, R. F., and Hult, G. T. (1998). Innovation, Market Orientation, and Organizational learning: An Integration and Empirical Examination. Journal of Marketing, 62, 42-54. Hyvonen, S., and Tuominen, M. (2007). Channel Collaboration, Market Orientation and Performance Advantages: Discovering Developed and Emerging Markets. The International Review of Retail Distribution and Consumer Research, 17(5), 423-335. Ireland, R. D., and Webb, J. W. (2007). A Cross-Disciplinary Exploration of Entrepreneurship Research. Journal of Management, 33(6), 891-927. Jackson, S. E. (1992). Team Composition in Organizational Settings: Issues in Managing an Increasingly Diverse Workforce. In S. Worchel, W. Wood, & J. Simpson (Eds.), Group process and productivity, 138-173. Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Jansen, J. J. P., Van den Bosch, F. A. J., and Volberda, H. W. (2005). Managing Potential and Realized Absorptive Capacity: How Do Organizational Antecedents Matter? Academy of Management Journal, 48, 999-1015. Jansen, J. J. P., Van Den Bosch, F. A. J., and Volberda, H. W. (2006). Exploratory Innovation, Exploitative Innovation, and Performance: Effects of Organizational Antecedents and Environmental Moderators. Management Science, 52, 1661-1674. Jarratt, D. J., and Katsikeas, C. S. (2009). How Does Relationship Management Infrastructure Influence Performance? Journal of Marketing Management, 25(1–2), 51-74. Jaworski, B. J., and Kohli, A. K. (1993). Market Orientation: Antecedents and Consequences. Journal of Marketing, 57(3), 53-70. Jensen, M. C. (1993). The Modern Industrial Revolution, Exit, and the Failure of Internal Control Systems. Journal of Finance, 48, 831-880. Jensen, M. C., and Meckling, W. H. (1976). Theory of the Firm: Managerial Behavior, Agency Costs and Ownership Structure. Journal of Financial Economics, 3(4), 305-360. Jiménez-Jiménez, D., and Sanz-Valle, R. (2011). Innovation, Organizational Learning, and Performance. Journal of Business Research, 64(4), 408-417. Jiménez‐Jimenez, D., Valle, R. S., and Hernandez‐Espallardo, M. (2008). Fostering Innovation: The Role of Market Orientation and Organizational Learning. European Journal of Innovation Management, 11(3), 389-412. Johnson, P. (1986). New Firms: An Economic Perspective. Allen & Unwin, London Kale, P., Singh, H., and Perlmutter, H. (2000). Learning and Protection of Proprietary Assets in Strategic Alliances: Building Relational Capital. Strategic Management Journal, 21(3), 217–237. Kaplinsky, R., and Morris, M. (2003). Governance Matters in Value Chains. Developing Alternatives, 9, 11-18. Katila, R., and Ahuja, G. (2002). Something Old, Something New: A Longitudinal Study of Search Behavior and New Product Introduction. Academy of Management Journal, 45, 1183-1194. Kedia, B. L., and Bhagat, R. S. (1988). Cultural Constraints on Transfer of Technology Across Nations: Implications for Research in International and Comparative Management. The Academy of Management Review, 13(4), 559-571. Keh, H. T., Nguyen, T. T. M., and Ng, H. P. (2007). The Effects of Entrepreneurial Orientation and Marketing Information on the Performance of SMEs. Journal of Business Venturing, 22 (4), 592-611. Kemper, J., Engelen, A., and Brettel, M. (2011). How Top Management's Social Capital Fosters the Development of Specialized Marketing Capabilities: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. Journal of International Marketing, 19(3), 87-112. Ketchen, D. J. Jr., Hult, T. G. M., and Slater, S. F. (2007). Toward Greater Understanding of Market Orientation and the Resource-Based View. Strategic Management Journal, 28(9), 961-964. Khan, A. M., and Manopichetwattana, V. (1989). Innovative and Noninnovative Small Firms: Types and Characteristics. Management Science, 35(5), 515-643. Khandekar, A., and Sharma, A. (2006). Organizational Learning and Performance: Understanding Indian Scenario in Present Global Context. Education Training, 48(8/9), 682-692. Khandwalla, P. N. (1976). The Design of Organizations. New York: Harcourt, Brace Jovanovich. Kim, N., and Atuahene-Gima, K. (2010). Using Exploratory and Exploitative market learning for new product development. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 27, 519-536. Knott, A. M. (2002). Exploration and Exploitation as Complements in Choo, C.W. and Bontis, N. (Eds), The Strategic Management of Intellectual Capital and Organizational Knowledge, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, 339-358. Kocak, A., Carsrud, A., and Oflazoglu, S. (2017). Market, Entrepreneurial, and Technology Orientation: Impact on Innovation and Firm Performance', Management Decision, 55(2), 248-270. Kogut, B., and Zander, U. (1992). Knowledge of the Firm, Combinative Capabilities, and the Replication of Technology. Organization Science, 3, 383-397. Kohtamäki, M., Kautonen, T. and Kraus, S. (2010). Small Firm Performance: An Examination of The Role of Ambidexterity, Strategic Planning and Entrepreneurial Orientation. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 9(3), 1-10. Kontoghiorghes, C., Awbrey, S. M., and Feurig, P. L. (2005). The Relationship Between Learning Organizational Characteristics and Change Adaptation, Innovation, and Organizational Performance. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 16(2), 185-211. Kor, Y. Y., and Leblebici, H. (2005). How Do Interdependencies Among Human-capital Deployement, Development and Diversification Strategic Affect Firms' Financial Performance. Strategic Management Jouranl, 26, 967-985. Kreiser, P. M., and Davis, J. (2010). Entrepreneurial Orientation and Firm Performance: The Unique Impact of Innovativenesss, Proactiveness, and Risk-taking. Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, 23(1), 39–51. Kreiser, P., Marino, L., and Weaver, M. (2002). Assessing The Psychometric Properties of The Entrepreneurial Orientation Scale: A Multi-Country Analysis. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 26(4), 71-94. Kugler, F., Rosenbusch, N., and Mader, A. (2007). Human Capital, Social Capital and Performance: Gender Differences in Entrepreneurial Firms. paper presented at 8th International Conference on Systems Biology, Long Beach, CA, October 1-6. Lane, P. J., and Lubatkin, M. (1998). Relative Absorptive Capacity and Inter-Organizational Learning. Strategic Management Journal, 19, 461-477. Lane, P. J., Koka, B. R., and Pathak, S. (2006). The Reification of Absorptive Capacity: A Critical Review and Rejuvenation of the Construct. Academy of Management Review, 31, 833-863. Lassen, A., Gertsen, F., and Riis, J. O. (2006). The Nexus of Corporate Entrepreneurship and Radical Innovation. Creativity and Innovation Management, 15(4), 359-372. Laursen, K., and Salter, A. (2006). Open for Innovation: The Role of Openness in Explaining Innovation Performance Among U.K. Manufacturing Firms. Strategic Management Journal, 27(2), 131–150. Lee, C., Lee, K., and Pennings, J. M. (2001). Internal Capabilities, External Networks, and Performance: A Study on Technology-Based Ventures. Strategic Management Journal, 22, 615-640. Levinthal, D. A., and March, J. G. (1993). The Myopia of Learning. Strategic Management Journal, 14, 95-112. Levitt, B. and March, J. G. (1988). Organizational learning. Annual Review of Sociology, 14, 319-340. Lewin, A. Y., Long, C. P., and Caroll, T. N. (1999). The Coevolution of New Organizational Forms. Organization Science, 10, 535-550. Li, J. J., and Zhou, K. Z. (2010). How Foreign Firms Achieve Competitive Advantage in the Chinese Emerging Economy: Managerial Ties and Market Orientation. Journal of Business Research, 63(8), 856-862. Li, J. J., Poppo, L., and Zhou, K. Z. (2010). Social Capital, Contractual Arrangement, and Local Knowledge Acquisition by International Subsidiaries. Strategic Management Journal, 31(4), 349–370. Li, L. Y. (2006). Relationship Learning at Trade Shows: Its Antecedents and Consequences. Industrial Marketing Management, 35, 166-177. Li, Y. H., Huang, J. W., and Tsai, M. T. (2009). Entrepreneurial Orientation and Firm Performance: The Role of Knowledge Creation Process. Industrial Marketing Management, 38(4), 440-449. Liao, S. H., Fei, W. C., and Chen, C. C. (2007). Knowledge Sharing, Absorptive Capacity and Innovation Capability: An Empirical Study of Taiwan's Knowledge Intensive Industries. Journal of Information Science, 33(3), 340-359. Lichtenthaler, U. (2009). Absorptive Capacity, Environmental Turbulence and the Complementarity of Organizational Learning Processes. Academy of Management Journal, 52, 822-846. Lin, C. H., Peng, C. H., and Kao, D. T. (2008). The Innovativeness Effect of Market Orientation and Learning Orientation on Business Performance. International Journal of Manpower, 29(8), 752-772. Liu, H., Ding, X. h., Guo, H., and Luo, J. h. (2014). How Does Slack Affect Product Innovation in High-Tech Chinese Firms: The Contingent Value of Entrepreneurial Orientation. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 31(1), 47-68. Lu, Y., and Yang, D. (2010). Information Exchange in Virtual Communities under Extreme Disaster Conditions. Decision Support Systems, 50(2), 529-538. Lumpkin, G. T., and Dess, G. G. (1996). Clarifying the Entrepreneurial Orientation Construct and Linking It to Performance. Academy of Management Review, 21, 135-172. Lumpkin, G. T., and Dess, G. G. (2001). Linking Two Dimensions of Entrepreneurial Orientation to Firm Performance: The Moderating Role of Environment and Industry Life Cycle. Journal of Business Venturing, 16(5), 429-451. MacKenzie, S. B., Podsakoff, P. M., and Rich, G. A. (2001). Transformational and Transactional Leadership and Salesperson Performance. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 29(2), 115-134. Mangematin, V., and Nesta, L. (1999). What Kind of Knowledge Can a Firm Absorb?. International Journal of Technology Management, 18(3,4), 149-172. March, J. A., and Simon, H. A. (1958). Organizations. New York, NY: Wiley. March, J. G. (1991). Exploration and Exploitation in Organizational Learning. Organization Science, 2, 71-87. March, J. G. (1991). Exploration and Exploitation in Organizational Learning. Organization Science, 2(1), 71-87. Mariano, N., and Pilar, Q. (2005). Absorptive Capacity, Technological Opportunity, Knowledge Spillovers, and Innovative Effort. Technovation, 25(10), 1141-1157. Martínez-Sánchez, A., Vela-Jiménez, M., Pérez- Pérez, M., and Luis-Carnicer, P., (2009). Inter-Organizational Cooperation and Environmental Change: Moderating Effects between Flexibility and Innovation Performance. British Journal of Management, 20, 537-561. Maruyama, T. (1998). Copper Oxide Thin Films Prepared by Chemical Vapor Deposition from Copper Dipivaloylmethanate. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 56, 85-92. Mavondo, F. T., Chimhanzi, J., and Stewart, J. (2005). Learning Orientation and Market Orientation: Relationship with Innovation, Human Resource Practices and Performance. European Journal of Marketing, 39(11/12), 1235-1263. McGrath, R. G. (2001). Exploratory learning, innovative capacity, and managerial oversight. Academy of Management Journal, 44(1), 118-131. McMillan, G. S., Mauri, A., and Halmilton, R. D. (2003). The Impact of Publishing and Patenting Activities on New Product Development and Frm Performance. The Case of the US Pharmaceutical Industry. International Journal of Innovation Management, 7, 213-221. Michael, L., and Andrew, K. (2004). Prospects for Developing Absorptive Capacity through Internal Information Provision. Strategic Management Journal, 25(4), 331-345. Miles, R., and Snow, C. (1978). Organizational Strategy, Structure, and Process. New York: McGraw-Hill. Miller, D. (1983). The Correlates of Enterpreneurship in Three Types of Firm. Management Science, 29, 770-791. Miller, D., and Friesen, P. H. (1982). Innovation in Conservative and Entrepreneurial Firms: Two Models of Strategic Momentum. Strategic Management Journal, 3(1), 1-25. Minbaeva, D., Pedersen, T., Björkman, I., Fey, C. F., and Park, H. J. (2003). MNC Knowledge Transfer, Subsidiary Absorptive Capacity and HRM. Journal of Internat Business Study, 34, 586-599. Mom, T. J. M., Van Den Bosch, F. A. J., and Volberda, H. W. (2009). Understanding Variation in Managers' Ambidexterity: Investigating Direct and Interaction Effects of Formal Structural and Personal Coordination Mechanisms. Organization Science, 20(4), 812-828. Mone, M. A., McKinley, W., and Barker, III V. L. (1998). Organizational Decline and Innovation: A Contingency Framework. The Academy of Management Review, 23(1), 115-132. Morgan, N. A., and Berthon, P. (2008). Market Orientation, Generative Learning, Innovation Strategy and Business Performance Inter-Relationships in Bioscience Firms. Journal of Management Studies, 45(8), 1329-1353. Morgan, N. A., Vorhies, D. W., and Mason, C. H. (2009). Market Orientation, Marketing Capabilities, and Firm Performance. Strategic Management Journal, 30(8), 909-920. Morgan, N. A., Zou, S., Vorhies, D. W., and Katsikeas, C. S. (2003). Experiential and Informational Knowledge, Architectural Marketing Capabilities, and the Adaptive Performance of Export Ventures. Decision Sciences, 34(2), 287-321. Morgan, R. M., and Hunt, S. D. (1994). The Commitment-Trust Theory of Relationship Marketing. Journal of Marketing, 58(3), 20-38. Morris, M. H., and Paul, G. W. (1987). The Relationship between Entrepreneurship and Marketing in Established Firms. Journal of Business Venturing, 2(3), 247-259. Mota, J., and de Castro, L. M. (2004). A Capabilities Perspective on the Evolution of Firm Boundaries: A Comparative Case Example from the Portuguese Moulds Industry. Journal of Management Studies, 41(2), 295-316. Mowery, D. C., and Oxley, J. E. (1995). Inward Technology-Transfer and Competitiveness-The Role of National Innovation Systems. Cambridge Journal Economic, 19(1), 67-93. Mowery, D. C., Oxley, J. E., and Sliverman, B. S. (1996). Strategic Alliances and Interfirm Knowledge Transfer. Strategic Management Journal, 17, 77-91. Murphy, G. B., Trailer, J. W., and Hill, R. C. (1996). Measuring Performance in Entrepreneurship Research. Journal of Business Research, 36, 15-23. Muscio, A. (2007). The Impact of Absorptive Capacity on SMEs' Collaboration. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 16(8), 653-668. Nahapiet, J., and Ghoshal, S. (1998). Social Capital, Intellectual Capital, and The Organizational Advantage. Academy of Management Reivew, 23(2), 242-266. Nasution, H. N., Mavondo, F. T., Matanda, M. J., and Ndubisi, N. O. (2011). Entrepreneurship: It's Relationship with Market Orientation and Learning Orientation and As Antecedents to Innovation and Customer Value. Industrial Marketing Management, 40(3), 336-345. Nevis E. C., DiBella A. J., Gould J. M. (1995). Understanding Organizations as Learning Systems. Sloan Management Review, 73-85. Nieto, M. J., Santamaria, L., and Fernandez, Z. (2013). Understanding the Innovation Behavior of Family Firms. Journal of Small Business Management, 53, 382-399. Nohria, N., and Gulati, R. (1996). Is Slack Good or Bad for Innovation? Academy of Management Journal, 39, 1245-1264. Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric Theory. New York: McGraw-Hill. O Brien, J. P. (2003). The Capital Structure Implications of Pursuing A Strategy of Innovation. Strategic Management Journal, 24(5), 415-431. Okhuysen, G. A., and Eisenhardt, K. M. (2002). Integrating Knowledge in Groups: How Formal Interventions Enable Flexibility. Organization Science, 13, 370-386. Oktemgil, M., and Gordon, G. (1997). Consequences of High and Low Adaptive Capability in UK Companies. European Journal of Marketing, 31(7), 445-466. Palmer, T. B., and Wiseman, R. M. (1999). Decoupling Risk Taking from Income Stream Uncertainty: A Holistic Model of Risk. Strategic Management Journal, 20(11), 1037-1062. Panayides, P. M. (2007). Effects of Organizational Learning in Third-party Logistics. Journal of Business Logistics, 28(2), 133-158. Pedhazur, E. J. (1982). Multiple regression in behavioral research. Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York. Penrose, E. T. (1959). The Theory of the Growth of the Firm. New York: John Wiley. Perez-Luno, A., Wiklund, J., and Valle Cabrera, R. (2011). The Dual Nature of Innovative Activity: How Entrepreneurial Orientation Influences Innovation Generation and Adoption. Journal of Business Venturing, 26(5), 555-571. Podsakoff, P. M., and Organ, D. W. (1986). Self-Reports in Organizational Research: Problems and Prospects. Journal of Management, 12, 69-82. Poppo, L., Zhou, K. Z., and Ryu, S. (2008). Alternative Origins to Interorganizational Trust: An Interdependence Perspective on the Shadow of the Past and the Shadow of the Future. Organization Science, 19(1), 39-55. Porter, M. E. (1985). Technology and Competitive Advantage. Journal of Business Strategy, 5(3), 60-78. Presutti, M., Boari, C., and Majocchi, A. (2011). The Importance of Proximity for the Start-Ups' Knowledge Acquisition and Exploitation. Journal of Small Business Management, 49(3), 361-389. Priem, R. L., and Butler, J. E. (2001). Is the Resource-Based 'View' a Useful Perspective for strategic management research? Academy of Management Reivew, 26, 22-40. Prieto, M. I., and Revilla, E. (2006). Learning Capability and Business Performances: A Non-Financial and Financial Assessment. The Learning Organization,13(2), 166-185. Rauch, A., Wiklund, J., Lumpkin, G. T., and Frese, M. (2009). Orientation and Business Performance: An Assessment of Past Research and Suggestions for The Future. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 33(3), 761-787. Renko, M., Carsrud, A. L., and Brännback, M. (2009). The Effect of a Market Orientation, Entrepreneurial Orientation, and Technological Capability on Innovativeness: A Study of Young Biotechnology Ventures in the United States and in Scandinavia. Journal of Small Business Management, 47(3), 331-369. Rhee, J., Park, T., and Lee, D. H. (2010). Drivers of Innovativeness and Performance for Innovative SMEs in South Korea: Mediation of Learning Orientation. Technovation, 30, 65-75. Rindfleisch, A., and Moorman, C. (2001). The Acquisition and Utilization of Information in New Product Alliances: A Strength-of-Ties Perspective. Journal of Marketing, 65(2), 1-18. Robbins, S. P, and Coulter, M. (2008). Management(10th Edition). TX: Prentice Hall Press. Rose, R. C., Kumar, N., and Pak, O. G. (2009). The Effect of Organizational Learning on Organizational Commitment, Job Satisfaction and Work Performance. The Journal of Applied Business Research, 25, 55-66. Rowley, T., Behrens, D., and Krackhardt, D. (2000). Redundant Governance Structures: An Analysis of Structural and Relational Embeddedness in the Steel and Semiconductor Industries. Strategic Management Journal, 21, 369-386. Ruiz-Mercader, J., Merono-Cerdan, A. L., and Sabater-Sanchez, R. (2006). Information Technology and Learning: Their Relationship and Impact on Organisational Performance in Small Businesses. International Journal of Information Management, 26(1), 16-29. Ruiz-Ortega, M. J., Parra-Requena, G., Rodrigo-Alarco´n J., and Garcı´a-Villaverde, P. M. (2013). Environmental dynamism and entrepreneurial orientation The moderating role of firm's capabilities. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 26(3), 475-493. Rumelt, R. P. (1984). Towards a Strategic Theory of the Firm. In R. Lamb (Ed.) Competitive Strategic Management: 556-570. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. Sandeep, V., and Harpreet, B. S. (2012). Relationship between Entrepreneurial Orientation and Business Performance: A Review of Literature. The IUP Journal of Business Strategy, 6(3), 17-31. Santos-Vijande, M. L., López-Sánchez, J. A., and Trespalacios, J. A. (2012). How Organizational Learning Affects a Firm's Flexibility, Competitive Strategy, and Performance. Journal of Business Research, 65(8), 1079-1089. Sarkar, M. B., Echambadi, R., Tamer Cavusgil, S., and Aulakh, P. S. (2001). The Influence of Complementarity, Compatibility, and Relationship Capital on Alliance Performance. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 29(4), 358-373. Scheer, C., Miao, F., and Garrett, J. (2010). The Effects of Supplier Capabilities on Industrial Customers' Loyalty: The Role of Dependence. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 38(1), 90-104. Schillo, R. S. (2011). Entrepreneurial Orientation and Company Performance: Can the Academic Literature Guide Managers? Technology Innovation Management Review, 1(2), 20-25. Schulze, P., Heinemann, F., and Abedin, A. (2008). Balancing Exploitation and Exploration: Organizational Antecedents and Performance Effects of Ambidexterity. Paper presented at the Academy of Management (AOM) Annual Meeting, Anaheim. Schumpeter, J. A. (1934). The Theory of Economic Development: An Inquiry into Profits, Capital, Credit, Interest and The Business Cycle. Harvard Economic Studies, 46, Harvard College, Cambridge, MA. Selnes, F., and Sallis, J. (2003). Promoting Relationship Learning. Journal of Marketing, 67(3), 80-95. Selznick, P. (1996). Institutionalism 'Old' and 'New', Administrative Science Quarterly, 41, 270-277. Semrau, T., and Werner, A. (2014). How Exactly Do Network Relationships Pay Off? The Effects of Network Size and Relationship Quality on Access to Start-Up Resources. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 38(3), 501-525. Shah, R. H., and Swaminathan, V. (2008). Factors Influencing Partner Selection in Strategic Alliances: The Moderating Role of Alliance Context. Strategic Management Journal, 29(5), 471-494. Shane, S. (2008). The Illusions of Entrepreneurship: The Costly Myths That Entrepreneurs, Investors, and Policy Makers Live By. Yale University Press. Shrivastava, P. (1983). A Typology of Organizational Learning Systems. Journal of Management Studies, 20, 7-29. Simon, H. A. (1957). Models of man, social and rational. Oxford, England: Wiley. Singh, J. V. (1986). Performance, Slack and Risk-Taking in Organizational Decision Making. Academy of Management Journal, 29, 562-585. Sinha, S. (2015). The Exploration-Exploitation Dilemma: A Review in the Context of Managing Growth of New Ventures. The Journal for Decision Makers, 40(3), 313-323. Slater, S. F., and Narver, J. C. (2000). The Positive Effect of a Market Orientation on Business Profitability: A Balanced Replication. Journal of Business Research, 48(1), 69-73. Soininen, J., Puumalainen, K., Sjogren, H., and Syraj, P. (2011). The Impact of GlobalEconomic Crisis on SMEs-Does Entrepreneurial Orientation Matter. Paper Presented in The 56th Annual ICSB World Conference, Stockholm. Sopelana, A., Kunc, M., and Hernáez, OR. (2014). Towards a Dynamic Model of Organisational Flexibility. System Practice Action Research, 27(2), 165-183. Sorescu, A. B., Chandy, R. K., and Prabhu, J. C. (2003). Sources and Financial Consequences of Radical Innovation: Insights from Pharmaceuticals. Journal of Marketing, 67(4), 82-102. Spector, P. E., and Brannick, M. T. (1995). The Nature and Effects of Method Variance in Organizational Research. In C. L. Cooper & I. T. Robertson (Eds.). International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 10, 249-274, New York: John Wiley. Spicer, D. P., and Sadler-Smith, E. (2006). Organizational Learning in Smaller Manufacturing Firms. International Small Business Journal, 24(2), 133-158. Spithoven, A., Clarysse, B., and Knockaert, M. (2011). Building Absorptive Capacity to Organise Inbound Open Innovation in Traditional Industries. Technovation, 31(1), 10-21. Staber, U., and Sydow, J. (2002). Organizational Adaptive Capacity: A Structural Perspective. Journal of Management Inquiry, 11, 408– 424 Stanko, M. A., Bonner, J. M., and Calantone, R. J., (2007). Building Commitment in Buyer-Seller Relationship: a Tie Strength Perspective. Industrial Marketing Management, 36(8), 1094-1103. Stock, G. N., Greis, N. P., and Fischer, W. A. (2001). Absorptive Capacity and New Product Development. The Journal of High Technology Management Research, 12, 77-91. Stringfellow, L., and Shaw, E. (2009). Conceptualising Entrepreneurial Capital for A Study of Performance in Small Professional Service Firms. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 15(2), 137-161. Stuart, T. E., and Sorensen, O. (2007). Strategic Networks and Entrepreneurial Ventures. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 1, 211-227. Stump, R. L., and Heide, J. B. (1996). Controlling Supplier Opportunism in Industrial Relationships. Journal of Marketing Research, 33, 431-441. Sun, P. Y. T., and Anderson, M. H. (2010). An Examination of the Relationship between Absorptive Capacity and Organizational Learning and A Proposed Integration. International Journal of Management Reviews, 9(1), 130-150. Swee, C. G., Catherine, E., and Tony, K. Q. (2012). The Relationship Between Learning Capability and Organizational Performance: A Meta‐Analytic Examination. The Learning Organization, 19(2), 92-108. Tang, J., Tang, Z., Marino, L., Zhang, Y., and Li, Q. (2008). Exploring an Inverted U-Shape Relationship between Entrepreneurial Orientation and Performance in Chinese Ventures. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 32, 219-239. Tang, L. H., and Koveos, P. E. (2004). Venture Entrepreneurship, Innovation Entrepreneurship, and Economic Growth. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 9(2), 161-171. Tanriverdi, H., and Zehir, C. (2006). Impact of Learning Organizations' Applications and Market Dynamism on Organizations' Innovativeness and Market Performance. The Business Review, 6(2), 238-246. Teece, D. (2007). Explicating dynamic capabilities: The nature and microfoundations of (sustainable) enterprise performance. Strategic Management Journal, 28, 1319–1350. Teece, D. J., Pisano, G., and Shuen, A. (1997). Dynamic Capabilities and Strategic Management. Strategic Management Journal, 18(7), 509-533. Theoharakis, V., Sajtos, L., and Hooley, G. (2009). The Strategic Role of Relational Capabilities in the Business-to-Business Service Profit Chain. Industrial Marketing Management, 38(8), 914-924. Tripsas, M. (1997). Surviving Radical Technological Change Through Dynamic Capability: Evidence from The Typesetter Industry. Industrial and Corporate Change, 6(2), 341-377. Tsai, W. (2001). Knowledge Transfer in Intra-Organizational Networks: Effects of Network Position and Absorptive Capacity on Business Unit Innovation and Performance. Academy of ManagementJournal, 44(5), 996-1004. Tsai, W. P., and Ghoshal, S. (1998). Social Capital and Value Creation: The Role of Interafirm Networks. Academy of Management Journal, 41(4), 464–476. Tuominen, M., and Hyvönen, S. (2004). Organizational Innovation Capability: A Driver for Competitive Superiority in Marketing Channels'. International Review of Retail Distribution and Consumer Research, 14(3), 277-293. Tushman, M. L., and Anderson, P. (1988). Technological Continuities and Organizational Environments. Administrative Science Quarately, 33, 436-465. Tushman, M. L., and O'Reilly, C. A. (1996). Ambidextrous Organizations: Managing Evolutionary and Revolutionary Change. California Management Review, 38, 8-29. Utterback, J. M. (1994). Mastering the Dynamics of Innovation: How Companies Can Sieze Opportunities in the Face of Technological Change. Boston,MA: Harvard Business School Press. Uzzi, B., and Dunlap, S. (2005). How to Build your Network. Harvard Business Review, 83(12), 53-60. Vasudeva, G., and Anand, J. (2011). Unpacking Absorptive Capacity: A Study of Knowledge Utilization from Alliance Portfolios. Academy of Management Journal, 54(3), 611–623. Venkatraman, N. (1989). The Concept of Fit in Strategy Research: Toward Verbal and Statistical Correspondence. Academy of Management Review, 14, 423-444. Venkatraman, N., and Ramanujam, V. (1986). Measurement of Business Performance in Strategy Research: A Comparison of Approaches. Academy of Management Review, 11, 801-814. Veugelers, R. (1997). Internal R&D Expenditures and External Technology Sourcing. Research Policy, 26(3), 303-315. Wagner, M. (2011). To Explore or Exploit? An Empirical Investigation of Acquisition by Larger Incumbents. Research Policy, 40, 1217-1225. Wales, W. J., Gupta, V. K., and Mousa, F. T. (2011). Empirical Research on Entrepreneurial Orientation: An Assessment and Suggestions for Future Research. International Small Business Journal, 31(4), 357–383. Wang, C. L. (2008). Entrepreneurial Orientation, Learning Orientation, and Firm Performance. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 32(4), 635-657. Wang, C. L., and Ahmed, P. K. (2004). The Development and Validation of the Organisational Innovativeness Construct Using Confirmatory Factor Analysis. European Journal of Innovation Management, 7(4), 303-313. Wang, C. L., and Ahmed, P. K. (2007). Dynamic Capabilities: A Review and Research Agenda. International Journal of Management Reviews, 9(1), 31-51. Wang, K. Y., Hermens, A., Huang, K., and Chelliah, J. (2015). Entrepreneurial Orietatation and Organizational Learning on SMEs' Innovation. International Journal of Organizational Innovation, 7(4), 71-81. Weerawardena, J., O'Cass, A., and Julian, C. (2006). Does Industry Matter? Examining the Role of Industry Structure and Organizational Learning in Innovation and Brand Performance. Journal of Business Research, 59, 37-45. Wei, Y., and Wang, Q. (2011). Making Sense of a Market Information System for Superior Performance: The Roles of Organizational Responsiveness and Innovation Strategy. Industrial Marketing Management, 40(2), 267-277. Wernerfelt, B. (1984). A Resource-Based View of the Firm. Strategic Management Jouranl, 5, 171-180. Wieblen, T. and Chesbrough, H. (2015). Engaging with Startups to Enhance Corporate Innovation, California Management Review, 57(2): 66-90. Wiklund, J., and Shepherd, D. (2005). Entrepreneurial Orientation and Small Business Performance: A Configuration Approach. Journal of Business Venturing, 20, 71-91. William, B. E., and Sinkula, J. M. (2009). The Complementary Effects of Market Orientation and Entrepreneurial Orientation on Profitability in Small Businesses, Journal of Small Business Management, 47(4), 443-464. Wolff, J., Pett, T., and Ring, K. (2015). Small Firm Growth as a Function of both Learning Orientation and Entrepreneurial Orientation: An Empirical Analysis. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 21(5), 709-730. Wu, W., Chang, M., and Chen, C. (2008). Promoting Innovation through the Accumulation of Intellectual Capital, Social Capital, and Entrepreneurial Orientation. R&D Management, 38, 265-277. Yamakawa, Y., Yang, H., and Lin, Z. (2011). Exploration versus Exploitation in Alliance Portfolio: Performance Implications of Organizational, Strategic, and Environmental fit. Research Policy, 40(2), 287-296. Yang, B., Watkins, K., and Marsick, V. (2004). The Construct of The Learning Organization: Dimensions, Measurement, and Validation. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 15(1), 31-55. Yannis, C., Ioanna, K., and Aggelos, T. (2004). Internal Capabilities and External Knowledge Sources: Complements or Substitutes for Innovative Performance? Technovation, 24(1), 29-39. Yasai-Ardekani, M. (1986). Structural Adaptations to Environments. Academy of Management Review, 11, 9-21. Yi, L., Nan, Z., and Youhe, S. (2010). Exploratory Innovation, Exploitative Innovation, and Performance. Nankai Business Review International, 1(3), 297-316. Zahra, S. A. (1991). Predictors and Financial Outcomes of Corporate Entrepreneurship: An Exploratory Study. Journal of Business Venturing, 6(4), 259-285. Zahra, S. A., and George, G. (2002). Absorptive Capacity: A Review, Reconceptualization, and Extension. Academy of Management Review, 27, 185-203. Zahra, S. A., Nielsen, A. P., and Bogner, W. C. (1999). Corporate Entrepreneurship, Knowledge and Competence Development. Entrepreneurship Theory Practice, 23, 169-189. Zajac, E. J., Golden, B. R., and Shortell, S. M. (1991). New Organizational Forms for Enhancing Innovation: The Case of Internal Corporate Joint Ventures. Management Science, 37, 170-184. Zhou, K. Z., Yim, C. K. B., and Tse, D. K. (2005). The Effects of Strategic Orientations on Technology and Market-Based Breakthrough Innovations. Journal of Marketing, 69, 42-60. Zollo, M., and Winter, S. G. (2002). Deliberate Learning and The Evolution of Dynamic Capabilities. Organization Science, 13(3), 339-353. Zortea-Johnston, E., Darroch, J., and Matear, S. (2012). Business Orientations and Innovation in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 8(2), 145-164.

This study mainly discuesses the mediating and moderating effects of Dual Innovation (i.e., explorational and exploitation innovation), relationship capital, and absorptive capacity. In order to enrich the multi-relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and organizational performance in the past literature. At the same time, for the startup company, it is more understanding of the influence of the internal and external factors (i.e., relationship capital and absorptive capacity) and Dual Innovational capability of the highly entrepreneurial oriented startup complay can be more prominent.This study is mainly based on start-up company within 10 years and explores the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation, organizational resources and organizational perforeance (i.e., financial performance, market performance, and innovational perforance), amd the mediating and moderating effects of Dual Innovation (i.e., explorational and exploitation innovation), relationship capital, and absorptive capacity.
This study takes the service industry of the new venture as the main research object and distributes it as a questionnaire. 137 valid questionnaires were collected and used for data analysis and empirical research. The empirical results found that (1) Entrepreneurial orientation (i.e. innovative, take calculated risks, proactive) has a significantly positive impact on explorational innovation; (2) Organizational slack has a significantly positive impact on explorational innovation; (3) Explorational innovation positive impact on organizational performance; (4) Exploitation innovation positive impact on organizational performance; (5) Absorptive capability enhances the positive effect of entrepreneurial orientation on explorational innovation; (6) Absorptive capability enhances the positive effect of organizational slack on explorational innovation; (7) Relationship Capital enhances the positive effect of entrepreneurial orientation on explorational innovation; (8) Relationship Capital enhances the positive effect of organizational slack on explorational innovation. Finally, based on the results of research and analysis, this study proposes theoretical and management implications and makes recommendations for future research.
Rights: 不同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務
Appears in Collections:企業管理學系所

Files in This Item:
File SizeFormat Existing users please Login
nchu-107-8098023004-1.pdf1.48 MBAdobe PDFThis file is only available in the university internal network    Request a copy
Show full item record

Google ScholarTM


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.