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標題: 可擷取雨、風與人體運動能量的防水摩擦奈米發電布
Waterproof Textile-based Triboelectric Nanogenerator for Harvesting Rain, Wind, and Human-motion Energy
作者: 蕭勇麒
Yung-Chi Hsiao
關鍵字: 防水布料;摩擦奈米發電機;雨水能量;風吹能量;智慧服飾;waterproof textile;TENG;raindrop energy;wind energy;smart clothing
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我們展示了第一款以布料為基礎且可以擷取雨水、風,以及身體動能的防水摩擦奈米發電機。它是由表面具有微米級粗糙度的矽膠摩擦塗層、平織導電布、尼龍網布間隔層以及聚乙烯醋酸乙烯酯封裝層組成。由於矽膠的粗糙表面、立體支撐柱,加上網布間隔層,可有效透過外力驅動主動層間進行接觸/分離的動作,並產生有用的電能。其發電原理的物理層面深層涉及馬克士威爾方程組中的位移電流項,意即透過摩擦起電與靜電感應兩者耦合產生機械能轉換電能的功能。布料可擷取的機械能來源含括自然中隨機頻率的機械能,如:雨水撞擊、風吹拍打等。不僅如此,它也可轉變人體運動能量成為有用的電能。透過雨水撞擊產生最大電壓輸出1900 V/m2,以及電流密度為160 μA/m2,且具有最大20 μW/m2的功率;利用風吹,則可產生最大2000 V/m2,與150 μA/m2的輸出且最大功率可達70 μW/m2;通過人體運動,可產生最大300 V的電壓輸出、40 μA的電流輸出,與1 mW的功率。產生的電力能驅動發光二極體,亦可將電能儲存於電容器中,留到未來需要時使用。更進一步,我們利用微電腦控制系統的資料擷取、程式碼編譯等功能,可將防水能源擷取布料用於自驅動(Self-powered)感測,透過無線傳輸實現,無線操控音樂播放器,完成無線穿戴應用。我們相信此新式防水能源擷取布料將有助於穿戴式電子與智慧服飾的開發。

A newly-designed waterproof textile-based triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) have been demonstrated. The device was constructed by silicone rubber, woven conducting textiles, nylon mesh spacer, and ethylene vinyl acetate textile. The physical mechanism of TENG is related to Maxwell's displacement current, in short, it's based on a coupling effect of contact electrification and electrostatic induction. This result is endowed phenom of triboelectrification, which was constructed as a negative influence in past, the positive and useful value in more applications. For example, this waterproof textile-based TENG is able to harvest universal low- and random-frequency mechanical energy and power up the personal electronics such as the light emitting diodes or charging the capacitors. The maximum output by raindrop can reach up to 1900 V/m2, 160 μA/m2, and 20 μW/m2; for wind, the output can approach to 2000 V/m2, 150 μA/m2, and 70 μW/m2; by human motion, the output can reach up to 300 V, 40 μA, and 1 mW. Furthermore, by integrating with microcomputer system for data acquisition and processing, the waterproof textile-based TENG was demonstrated as the self-powered sensor for actively human-interactive interfaces and combining with the wireless transmitter, which was able to remote manipulation computer for playing music. It is believed the waterproof textile-based TENG can be beneficial for the development of wearable electronics and smart clothing.
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