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dc.contributorTzong-Ming Wuen_US
dc.contributor.authorWei-Fang Hsuen_US
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dc.description.abstract本研究利用水熱法製備中空二氧化錫奈米顆粒,並藉由原位聚合法製備二氧化錫/聚苯胺奈米複合材料,再經由靜電自主裝方式使摻氮石墨烯量子點吸附在聚苯胺表面,成功製備二氧化錫/聚苯胺/摻氮石墨烯量子點之三元複合材料。將所製備之三元複合材料修飾玻璃碳電極,對抗壞血酸、多巴胺及尿酸進行電化學感測,並透過場發式電子顯微鏡、穿透式電子顯微鏡、X-ray 繞射儀、FT-IR光譜儀及恆電位儀來進行其表面分析、結構分析與電化學分析。 首先在二氧化錫/聚苯胺二元奈米複合材料系統中,從場發式電子顯微鏡結果得知,二元奈米複合材料在5wt%之二氧化錫的添加量具有最小的尺寸,表示具有最大的表面積;而循環伏安法中得知,5wt%之二氧化錫添加量之複合材料具有最大的電流值,從26μA提升至45μA。 接著以二氧化錫/聚苯胺/摻氮石墨烯量子點之三元複合材料修飾玻璃碳電極,將此修飾電極浸泡在多巴胺溶液中利用循環伏安法與微分脈衝伏安法來進行電化學感測,其電流值從45μA提升至55μA。其線性範圍為0.5-500μM,偵測極限為0.42μM (S/N=3)。除此之外,此修飾電極在含有抗壞血酸、多巴胺及尿酸等干擾物質溶液中,在20-200μM範圍內也同樣具有良好的線性關係,且抗壞血酸與多巴胺、多巴胺與尿酸之電位差分別為160mv與150mv。以上結果顯示N-5SP具有優異的電催化效果,故本研究之三元複合材料為一個良好的多巴胺感測器。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractIn this study, hollow structure of SnO2 nanoparticles (SnO2 HS) have prepared by hydrothermal method. The SnO2/PANI nanocomposites were synthesis by in-situ polymerization and SnO2/PANI/NGQD ternary nanocomposites were successfully synthesis by electrostatic self-assembly approach. The prepared SnO2/PANI/NGQD was used for electrode materials of dopamine (DA) electrochemical sensor. The products of the SnO2、PANI、SnO2/PANI及SnO2/PANI/NGQD nanocomposites were characterized by SEM、TEM、XRD、FTIR . The electrochemical response of dopamine was determined by using cyclic voltammetry and different pulse voltammetry. For the SnO2/PANI system, the result of SEM image shows the particle size of SnO2/PANI nanoparticles decrease when the SnO2 nanoparticles increase. Obviously, the surface area increase when the SnO2 nanoparticles increase. Because of excess SnO2 nanoparticles, the size of SnO2/PANI was increase. In other words, the electrochemical current value of 5wt% SnO2/PANI (5SP) was the largest because it has the smallest size. In cyclic voltammetry, the peak current of PANI is 26μA and the peak current of 5SP is 45μA. In the system of 5SP with n-doped graphene quantum dots (N-5SP), the electrochemical response of DA by using cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry in PBS solution. In CV mode, the peak current was increase to 55μA when the modify electrode was N-5SP. In DPV mode, the linear detection ranges for DA are 0.5-200μM (R2=0.98) and the detection limits was 0.42μM (S/N=3). Besides, the electrochemical response of this modify electrode was also determined with dopamine, ascorbic acid and uric acid in PBS solution. In DPV mode, the linear detection ranges for AA, DA and UA are 20-200μM (R2=0.98). The oxidation peak of AA, DA and UA are -50mv, 110mv and 260mv respectively. The separation of the oxidation peak potentials for AA-DA, DA-UA and AA-UA were 160mv, 150mv and 310mv, which shows the ability of anti-interference of the modify electrode. Furthermore, the result shows that the modify material of N-5SP has perfect electro catalytic properties for dopamine.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents致謝 i 摘要 ii Abstract iii 目錄 v 圖目錄 viii 表目錄 xiii 第一章 緒論 1 1.1 前言 1 1.2 研究動機 2 1.3 研究方向及目的 4 第二章 文獻回顧及基礎理論 5 2.1 多巴胺 5 2.2 修飾電極 7 2.3 導電高分子 10 2.3.1 導電高分子簡介 10 2.3.2 基本能帶理論 15 2.3.3 導電高分子之導電機制 17 2.4 聚苯胺 19 2.4.1 聚苯胺簡介 19 2.4.2 聚苯胺之合成方法 21 2.5 二氧化錫 22 2.5.1 二氧化錫簡介 22 2.5.2 中空二氧化錫之合成方法 22 2.6 氮摻雜石墨烯量子點 28 2.6.1 氮摻雜石墨烯量子點簡介 28 2.6.2 氮摻雜石墨烯量子點之合成方法 29 2.7 導電高分子複合材料作為感測器之電極研究 34 第三章 實驗方法與步驟 54 3.1 實驗材料 54 3.2 實驗儀器 56 3.3 實驗架構 57 3.4 實驗方法與步驟 58 3.4.1 中空結構二氧化錫之製備 58 3.4.2 二氧化錫/聚苯胺之製備 60 3.4.3 摻氮石墨烯量子點之製備 62 3.4.4 二氧化錫/聚苯胺/摻氮石墨烯量子點之製備 64 3.4.5 樣品配置 66 3.5 實驗儀器分析 68 3.5.1 傅立葉轉換紅外光光譜儀 (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer,FT-IR) 68 3.5.2 場發射掃描式電子顯微鏡 (Field-emmision Scanning Electron Microscopy,FE-SEM) 68 3.5.3 高解析穿透式電子顯微鏡 (High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy,HRTEM) 69 3.5.4 紫外光-可見光光譜儀(UV-vis Spectrophotometer) 69 3.5.5 拉曼光譜儀 (Raman Spectrometer) 70 3.5.6 雷射粒徑分析儀(Dynamic Light Scattering) 70 3.5.7 恆電位分析儀 (Potentiostate/Gavanostat) 71 第四章 結果與討論 72 4.1.1 水熱法製備中空結構二氧化錫奈米顆粒 72 4.2 改變二氧化錫添加量與聚苯胺形成二元複材 74 4.2.1 SnO2/PANI二元複合材料之基本性質分析 75 4.2.2 SnO2/PANI二元複合材料之電化學性質分析 80 4.3 摻氮石墨烯量子點基本性質分析 82 4.3.1 SnO2/PANI/NGQD三元複合材料之基本性質分析 86 4.3.2 SnO2/PANI/NGQD三元複合材料之電化學性質分析 89 4.4 各種修飾電極之比較 98 4.5 干擾物測試 99 第五章 結論 102 第六章 參考文獻 103zh_TW
dc.subjecthollow structure SnO2en_US
dc.subjectN-doped graphene quantum dotsen_US
dc.subjectelectrochemical sensoren_US
dc.titlePreparation and Characterization of SnO2/ polyaniline/N dope graphene quantum dots Nanocompositeen_US
dc.typethesis and dissertationen_US
item.openairetypethesis and dissertation-
item.fulltextwith fulltext-
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