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標題: 高橋食蟎薊馬捕食二點葉蟎之兩性生命表與功能反應及蘆氏葉蟎之族群結構研究
Life table and functional response of Scolothrips takahashii (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on Tetranychus urticae (Acari:Tetranychidae) and the demography of Tetranychus ludeni (Acari:Tetranychidae)
作者: 潘光琦
Kuang-Chi Pan
關鍵字: 高橋食蟎薊馬;二點葉蟎;蘆氏葉蟎;功能反應;兩性生命表;性分配;Scolothrips takahashii;Tetranychus urticae;Tetranychus ludeni;two-sex life table;functional response;sex allocation
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高橋食蟎薊馬 (Scolothrips takahashii Priesner) 為一常見捕食性薊馬,其主食葉蟎類害蟲,是為葉蟎之重要天敵之一,並被認為具有用於生物防治之潛力。本實驗以年齡齡期兩性生命表分析高橋食蟎薊馬之族群特性,並以功能反應實驗探討面對不同獵物密度高橋食蟎薊馬捕食效率之變化。結果中,取食二點葉蟎之高橋食蟎薊馬內在增殖率 (r)、終極增殖率 (λ)、淨增值率 (R0) 與平均世代時間分別為0.1674 d-1、1.1822 d-1、62.26子代及24.68 d。平均淨捕食率 (C0) 為846.15蟎卵,雌蟲平均每日取食量為51.92 蟎卵、雄蟲為19.28蟎卵。高橋食蟎薊馬對二點葉蟎表現三型 (Type III) 功能反應,其處理時間 (Th) 與最大攻擊速率 (a) 分別為0.7883 h與0.1376 h-1。此外,本研究並以族群兩性生命表探討群居狀態蘆氏葉蟎 (Tetranychus ludeni Zacher) 之族群特性、子代性比率,及不同族群性比對其造成之影響。其中具有雌雄兩性之組別子代性比變化呈現相同趨勢,在產卵初期子代以雌性為主,約在產卵期中段性比開始轉變,直到產卵期尾聲子代轉為以雄性比率較高。

Scolothrips takahashii Priesner (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) is a common predatory thrips which feeds on spider mites, it is considered an important natural enemy and a potential biological control agent against spider mites. In order to evaluate the efficacy of S. takahashii against tetranychid mites, life table and functional response study were conducted under 25±1oC, with Tetranychus urticae Priesner as prey. The intrinsic rate of increase (r), finite rate of increase (λ), net reproduction rate (R0), mean generation time (T) were 0.1674 d-1, 1.1822d-1, 62.26 offspring / individual and 24.68d. The net consumption rate (C0) was 846.15, mean daily consumption rate was 51.92 eggs for females and 19.28 eggs for males. S. takahashii exhibited type III functional response when offered T. urticae deutonymphs. Based on the random predator equation, the estimated maximum attack rate (a) and handling time (Th) were 0.1376h-1 and 0.7883h. In addition, a life table experiment was conducted to evaluate the offspring sex allocation and population dynamic of Tetranychus ludeni Zacher under group-rearing condition with different sex ratios. All bisexual groups produced offspring with similar sex allocation patterns which started with majority females, then transited during the middle of oviposition period and turned male-biased at the end of oviposition period.
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